Martinism is a term applied to a syncretic esoteric tendency, which developed around the teachings of 18th century personalities such as Martinez de Pasqually and Louis Claude de Saint-Martin, taking its name from the latter. At its height, Martinism was particularly popular in the esoteric circles of France and Russia. Like the Rosicrucians, the Martinists claimed to be specifically "Christian" in disposition, though they borrowed heavily from the Kabbalah, Hermeticism and alchemy.
Some have attempted to portray them in the late 19th century as proto-fascistic because of the development of the concept of synarchy by Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre, as a kind of corporatist alternative to anarchy. To some extent during the time of Papus, they leaned towards conservative politics, as he was an adviser to Nicholas II of Russia. In addition to this, d'Alveydre had been connected through family to Napoleon III of France. Unlike in Germany with the movement of Ariosophy this didn't have a "folkish" aspect.
- Martinist? at Martinisme.be
- Martinist Writers at Kings Garden
- Order of Elect Cohens at Answers.com
- Martinism at JC Directory
- Manifestations of the Martinist Order by Milko Bogaard
- Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin and Martinism at World News Research
- A Short History of Martinism & the Martinist Orders at Order of the Grail