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Scottish freemasonry (French: Écossisme) is a form of freemasonry which essentially acts as an intermediary between the ideologies of Grand Orient Freemasonry and Grand Lodge Freemasonry. Despite its name, the system is not directly related to Scotland or the Grand Lodge of Scotland, but rather was devised primarily by freemasons in France and the United States. There are several masonic rites which promote Scottish freemasonry, most notorious are; the Rectified Scottish Rite of Jean-Baptiste Willermoz devised in 1782 and the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite devised in 1801, but popularised by Albert Pike.
The significance of the name, is due to a Knights Templar meme contained in the esoteric degrees common to Scottish freemasonry. Particularly in relation to the myth that surviving Knights Templar, who had escaped repression, came to save Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Bannockburn. Certain elements within freemasonry have long attempted to construct a pseudohistory and mythology connecting themselves to the Templars; mostly on a "hunted", "hounded", "free-thinking victims" basis.