Salvador Allende Gossens

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Salvador Allende

Salvador Isabelino del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Allende Gossens (June 26, 1908September 11, 1973) was President of Chile from November 1970 until his removal from power and death in September 1973. He was a Freemason and his mother, Laura Gossens Uribe, was a Belgian Jew. [1]

Allende's career in Chilean government spanned nearly forty years. As a Socialist Party politician, he became a senator, deputy, cabinet minister and, following the 1970 presidential election, President of Chile. After Allende had won the popular vote, the United States tried unsuccessfully to prevent his taking office. He had also stood for the presidency on three previous occasions, in 1952, 1958 and 1964.

As President, Allende imposed an extremist Marxist program, and his term was marked by civil unrest, strikes and lockouts, American sanctions, complaints from the Chilean Supreme Court, and calls by some opposition members in the legislature for the military to restore order. Less than a month after his condemnation by the Chamber of Deputies of Chile's Resolution of August 22, 1973, on September 11, 1973, a violent military coup d'etat took place, led by the then-Commander of the Army, Gen. Augusto Pinochet; Allende committed suicide during the coup.

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