Republicanism in Ireland
Republicanism in Ireland is a political ideology, which has developed over time, from the 18th century radical liberal movement to the modern day Marxist alligned ideology. The exact objectives of republicanism have differed over time, beginning with the Society of the United Irishmen, which was largely an attempt by middle-class Protestant intellectuals in Belfast to set themselves up as rulers of the island, separate from the United Kingdom. To the modern day ideology, advocating the annexation of Northern Ireland into a newly created "socialist republic" covering the entire island of Ireland and governed from Dublin, consisting mostly in membership of apostatised "Catholics" and atheists.
It is usual to draw a distinction between Irish nationalism and republicanism in the history of Irish politics, though in some cases there is an overlapping. For instance Sinn Féin began as a nationalist party under Arthur Griffith, but became republican in 1917. The two sides were involved in a conflict during the Irish Civil War over support or opposition to the treaty with Great Britain. The nationalists tend to be specifically Catholic and traditional in their values, while republicans tend to be more leftist—for instance some of its proponents fought for an NKVD front during the Spanish Civil War and support the ANC.
Background and the United Irishmen
Fenian movement and American connection
Pearse, Connolly and Bolshevisation
De Valera, Fianna Fail and the Civil War
The Troubles, PIRA and modernity
- Strading, R A (1999). The Irish and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-39:
crusades in conflict. Manchester University Press. ISBN 1901341135.
- Weiss, Ruth (2000). Peace in their time: war and peace in Ireland and southern Africa. I.B.Tauris Publishers. ISBN 1860644031.