|Born||June 24, 1900|
Bezwodne, Imperial Russia (now Belarus)
|Died||August 28, 1959 (aged 59)|
New York City, United States
|Known for||coining the term genocide and drafting the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide|
Raphael Lemkin was a Polish-Jew lawyer who coined the word "Genocide". During the 1930s, Lemkin worked as a lawyer in Warsaw, until the Second World War broke out. In 1939 he joined the Polish Home Guard and after being injured he fled to Sweden then to the United States. His post war career saw him serving as an advisor to the Supreme Court and to the Nuremberg Show Trial counsel Robert H. Jackson. After this he held lectures at Yale University.