Politically correct euphemisms for race

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Politically correct euphemisms for race are euphemisms used to replace the word race despite having the same meaning.


Euphemisms for race started to appear in scientific literature from the 1950's as a response to political correctness.

The word race itself some considered to be socio-politically dangerous, so suggested replacing it with other terms.


  • Stocks - proposed by Coon et al. (1950).
  • Divisions - proposed by UNESCO's "Statement on Race" (1950). [1]
  • Major Groups - proposed by UNESCO's revised "Statement on Race" (1951). [2]
  • Morphs - proposed by Lawrence Oschinsky (1954).
  • Genogroups - proposed by Julian Huxley in a private letter to Ashley Montagu in 1959.
  • Geographical Genogroups - proposed by Ashley Montagu in 1962.
  • Distinctive Populations - proposed by Ashley Montagu in 1964.
  • Poles - proposed by John Zachary Young (1971).
  • Clusters - proposed by Cavalli-Sforza, Menozzi, and Piazza (1994).
  • Forms - proposed by Goran Strkalj (2000).


  • Coon, C. S., Garn, S. M., Birdsell, J. B. (1950). Races. C. C. Thomas.
  • Montagu, Ashley. (1951). Statement on race. Rev. ed. New York: Henry Schuman.
  • Montagu, Ashley. (1962). "The Concept of Race". American Anthropologist. 64(5). pp. 919-928.
  • Montagu, Ashley. (1964, 4th ed). Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race. Columbia University Press.
  • Oschinsky, Lawrence. (1964). The Racial affinities of the Baganda and other Bantu tribes of British East Africa. W. Heffer.
  • Strkalj, G. (2000). "Form: a terminological suggestion for the study of human variation". Evol. Theor. 12. p. 89.
  • Young, John Z. (1971). An Introduction to the Study of Man. (1971). Clarendon Press.
  • Cavalli-Sforza, LL., Menozzi P., Piazza A. (1994). The History and Geography of Human Genes. Princeton University Press.
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