|Political position||Russian nationalism|
|Leader||Dmitry Vasilyev (1985–2003)|
|Colours||Black, yellow, white|
Pamyat (Память) or National-Patriotic Front Pamyat (Pamyat means memory in Russian) is a Nationalist and Orthodox-Christian Russian party that wants to restore the Monarchy. The leader of Pamyat was Dimitry Vasiliev, their motto is God, Tsar, Nation.
At the end of 1970s a historical association called Vityaz (Витязь), sponsored by the Soviet Society for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments, established an "informal historical, cultural and educational organization" uniting activists-bibliophiles and amateur historians. One of the purposes of the newly formed organization was to prepare the upcoming celebration of the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kulikovo.
Some notable Vityaz activists in Moscow were Ilya Glazunov (artist), S. Malyshev (historian), and A. Lebedev (Colonel of the MVD). Similar groups were created in other regions of the USSR. Later in 1980, loosely associated "informal" groups were consolidated under the name Pamyat.
At an internal meeting on October 4, 1985, Pamyat split up into several factions, many of which attempted to retain the same name as the "true" Pamyat. One of them, the so-called Vasilyev's group, led by Dmitri Vasilyev (a former worker in Glazunov's studio), A. Andreyev and A. Gladkov, focused its activities on the media. They recorded and distributed tapes of their meetings and lectures containing counter-Judaic material.
On May 6, 1987, Pamyat conducted an unregistered, and thus illegal, demonstration in the center of Moscow demanding an end to the construction of an officially sanctioned memorial project at Poklonnaya Hill. It resulted in a two-hour meeting with Boris Yeltsin, at that time the First Secretary of the Moscow City Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
In the fall of 1987, the National-Patriotic Front (NPF) was founded, with the aim of "renaissance", with the intent to "lead Russian people to the spiritual and national revival" on the basis of "three traditional Russian values": Orthodoxy, national character and spirituality. After several splits and the imminent dissolution of the USSR, the organization adopted a monarchist position, thus breaking with its initial national-communist tendencies (e.g Pamyat had appreciated Stalin's activities in the post-war era, esp. 'his campaigns against 'cosmopolitans').
In August 1990, a permanent NPF council member, Aleksandr Barkashov (the author of the book The ABC of a Russian Nationalist), caused another split after his announcement of being "tired to be preoccupied by recollections. It is time to act". His new group was dubbed "Russian National Unity" (Русское Национальное Единство). Barkashov promoted the cult of the swastika, a symbol which, according to Barkashov, "acts on subconsciousness of theomachists. It paralyses, weakens and demoralizes them."
In 1991 the organization's own newspaper (print run of 100,000) and a radio station (both officially registered) were launched.
By the end of the 1990s, the original Pamyat disappeared from the public scene. Dmitry Vasilyev died on July 17, 2003. The organization reactivated in 2005 and participated in the 2006 Russian March.
On their website, the English section explains some of their stances:
- Development of nature, people and society.
- Restoration of Monarchy.
- Rejection of Marxist concepts of class and class struggle.
- They regard Communistic ideology as part or inheritage of the Talmud.
- Revaluation and interpretation of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
|“||However, the day of reckoning is coming, the "Exodus" of Zionists is looming, and foreign countries will not help them. The Russian nation cannot be exterminated. Mr President, your fatal mistake is that you do not have any state ideology, which could pass to Holy Russia. While supporting the enemies of Russian nation - the Zionists, our country will not be in order, but will be in collapse. The Zionistic core -- mostly reactionary Jews -- struggles against Russian national traditions, because it has struggled against Jesus Christ. Even reactionary Jews crucified Him. Rich Zionistic Jews prospered under communists and have thrown aside all restraints under democrats. Such people have their homeland in the country which they can exploit without difficulties. Who is Berezovsky? A clerk who got a false idea of being Moses and simultaneously the Master of Great Aryans. But Russian rage is growing and Zionists can not escape the day of reckoning!||”|