National Socialism after World War II
National Socialism after World War II refers to the National Socialist worldview as it has developed since the collapse of National Socialist Germany in 1945, following the Second World War. In Germany, the primary successor of the NSDAP was the Socialist Reich Party (1949-1952) led by General Otto Ernst Remer. As well as this, some former National Socialists worked for a variety of governments, from South America to Egypt: some highly skilled scientists were also poached from Germany by the Soviets and the Americans (Operation Paperclip), but this is unlikely to have constituted any sort of NS ideological continuity. Some prominent figures such as Léon Degrelle and Otto Skorzeny found refuge in Spain under Franco and founded CEDADE.
Aside from this, in the broader category of fascism (broad sense), there have also been some German participants, most of which were associated with National Pan-Europeanism during the 1950s, hoping to form a European third position, free from both Americanism and Sovietism. The German Reich Party, where many former NSDAP members were to be found after the Socialist Reich Party were outlawed, signed the Declaration of Venice. Francis Parker Yockey, an American dissident based in London, also helped to mould these ideas.
Outside of this, some non-German groups began dressing up in quasi-Brownshirt uniforms and providing a Hollywood Nazi caricature of National Socialism. This was especially prominent in the United States since the 1960s, due to the influence of George Lincoln Rockwell and his American Nazi Party (he was from a family of vaudeville actors). This farce continues on today in various forms. It does not constitute serious political activism and is essentially a drinking club hobby for eccentrics. Nevertheless, Jewish groups such as the SPLC and the ADL of B'nai B'rith have used them, sometimes directly (see Frank Cohen to discredit serious American nationalist efforts, promote Holocaustianity and create the "Neo-Nazi" caricature.
A major change that has come within the National Socialist milieu has been a broadening of the understanding of the Aryan race. Alfred Rosenberg, who was the the chief racial theorist of classical National Socialism and drew upon the works of Arthur de Gobineau, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, and Madison Grant, identified the modern Aryan race with the Nordic race. Although, contrary to later misconceptions, Rosenberg considered the Slavs to be Aryan, he held them to be lower on the racial hierarchy than Nordics. While recognizing the existence of variation among individuals, his opinion on the Aryanness of Eastern European peoples varied from nation to nation.
Only a few years after the end of World War II, with Rosenberg hung and most of the German National Socialist philosophers also vengefully executed or imprisoned, patriotic Occidental thinkers and activists increasingly came to understand that the Axis powers, in struggling against International Jewry in both its Communist and Capitalist guises, had fought in defense of the interests of the freedom of every European nation in the late conflict. One of the first to disseminate this understanding was Spenglerian American philosopher Francis Parker Yockey. Yockey described the rise of Adolf Hitler (to whom he dedicated Imperium: The Philosophy of History and Politics under the title "the hero of the Second World War") and the NSDAP as the European Revolution of 1933, to which he juxtaposes the inauguration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt he refers to as the American Revolution of 1933. Roosevelt served the interests of Jewry, who as an alien presence in the West Yockey generally calls the Culture Distorter. Consequently, despite the overwhelmingly European population of the United States at the time, Yockey understood America to be a non-Western power and saw the Allied victory as the subjugation of Europe. As he explained it
the extra-European forces, together with the traitorous inner elements in Europe, were able to bring about a Second World War which defeated on the surface the powerful development of the Western Empire.
In the interlude between the world wars, Yockey noted, nationalism in Europe underwent a change as nationalists came to aspire for European unity and lasting peace, whilst the so-called "internationalists" (in reality Jewry and their allies in the degenerated European bourgeoisie) cried for another war of European brother against brother.
Nationalism itself in Europe transformed itself into the new Empire-Idea after the First World War, the beginning of our age. In each Western country, the “Nationalists” were those who were opposed to another European War, and who desired a general political understanding in Europe to prevent its sinking into the dust where it now struggles. They were thus not nationalistic at all, but Western-Imperial. Similarly the self-styled “internationalists” were the ones who wished to stir up wars among the European states of yesterday, in order to sabotage the creation of the Empire of the West. They hated it because they were alien to it in one way or another, some because they were completely outside the Western Culture, others because they were incurably possessed by some ideology or other which hated the new, vital, masculine, form of the Future, and preferred the old conception of Life as money-chasing, money-spending, hatred of strong, ascendant Life, and love of weakness, sterility, and stupidity.
Yockeyism and Rockwellianism
Imperium proved a seminal tome in National Socialist movements over the coming decades. While Yockey himself had a far more spiritual understanding of race than Rosenberg and identified as a disciple of Spengler rather than a National Socialist, new National Socialist movements began to adopt his thinking in the coming years, particularly in the United States. For instance, George Lincoln Rockwell, who found himself at odds with Yockey's perceived anti-Americanism and support for the Soviet Union, adopted a very pan-European understanding of Aryans, and commonly addressed his target audience as "White, Christian Americans", although as his American Nazi Party was not exclusively Christian, the term Christian may have simply meant non-Jewish. Subsequently, Neo-National Socialism has decidedly been the rule in the United States and the rest of the Anglosphere, to the extent that at present the National Socialist Movement states that "in his book Mein Kampf, Hitler said the White race, not Germany, should and does rule the world." For that reason it has often been equated with Rockwellian National Socialism, an Anglosphere-exclusive variation of the National Socialist worldview. However, as Neo-National Socialist tendencies have influenced movements within that worldview beyond the Anglosphere, particularly contributing to the growth of National Socialism in Russia, the two terms should not be conflated.
|“||During the short time it existed, I managed to get only couple bulletins from the U.S. Nationalist Party. If I recall, much of their invective was aimed at George Lincoln Rockwell and his so-called ‘American Nazi Party’ whom they termed ‘nutzis.’ Weiss’s ally Thompson was a real SS man and also both contemptuous and suspicious of Rockwell. Rockwell, at best, was a just a conservative with a taste for Jew-baiting and wearing the swastika. Like Thompson, I think Rockwell was worse. Rockwell supported U.S. foreign policy which included the continued occupation of Europe. That, in turn, would lead to the de-industrialization of Europe and the mass Third World immigration.||”|
—Maury Knutson on the rivalry between Rockwell's "costume Nazis" and the Yockeyites.
- See Alfred Rosenberg. The Myth of the Twentieth Century. Newport Beach, CA: Noontide Press, 1982, pp. 108, 109, 643.
- Francis Parker Yockey. Imperium: The Philosophy of History and Politics. New York: The Truth Seeker, 1962, pg. 574.
- Imperium, 117.
- Imperium, 116-117.
- Frequently Asked Questions About National Socialism (Nazism) and the National Socialist Movement National Socialist Movement. Accessed December 31, 2013.