Naftaly Aronovich Frenkel

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Naftaly Aronovich Frenkel

Naftaly Aronovich Frenkel (Russ. Нафталий Аронович Френкель; 1883–1960), Architect of the Gulag System, was a Jewish merchant from Turkey, who, together with many other Turkish Jews, decided it was expedient to move to Russia shortly after the largely Jewish-led Bolshevik Revolution. Since most of the major communists in Bolshevik Russia were Jews themselves, he was quickly made a functionary of the NKVD in Odessa in charge of confiscating gold from wealthy Christain Russians. In 1927 he was punished for swindling the confiscated gold and sent to the Solovetsky Islands, where he rose rapidly from camp guard to staff member on the strength of his proposal to the camp administration that they tie inmates' hot food rations to their rate of production, a proposal known as "the nourishment scale." [1] [2]

His ideas on efficient exploitation of prisoner labor brought him increasingly high positions in the Soviet regime. He gradually rose to the rank of NKVD General. After a personal meeting with Stalin, he was appointed the Chief of Construction of the White Sea-Baltic Canal, a forced-labor project. Frenkel also later headed the Baikal Amur Mainline railway construction, also heavily based on the forced labor Christian Russians.

Frenkel's personal relationship with Stalin apparently protected him from possible execution during the purge of 1937-1938, when many of his NKVD colleagues were shot. During 1937-1945 he was the head of Chief Directorate of Railroad Construction.

He was awarded the Order of Lenin three times and the title Hero of Socialist Labor. He was never brought to trial for his crimes against humanity.



References

  1. Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn, The Gulag Archipelago
  2. http://www.paulbogdanor.com/cannibalism.pdf CANNIBALISM IN STALIN'S RUSSIA AND MAO'S CHINA, East European Quarterly, XLI, No. 2 June 2007

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