Montana Freemen

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The so-called Montana Freemen were a free body politic based in Justus Township.

The Montana Freemen believe in the doctrine of original, individual jurisdiction as expounded by the Pentateuch, and rejected the authority of the United States federal government. They constituted their own system of government ("Justus Township"), common-law court de jure, banking, and credit. They became publicly known during their 81-day-long besiegement by U.S. Marshals from March 25 through June 13 AD 1996.

LeRoy Schweitzer and the Freemen used inter alia Anderson on the Uniform Commercial Code and Bankers Handbook to draw notices of lien against public officials. The liens were then allegedly sold to generate equity to fund an effort to make a "firm offer to pay off the national debt." The Freemen claimed that the liens conformed to the UCC, and that their Township's court had an interest in a tort claim for damages, or for damages incurred by the named public officials for violations of their oaths of office. They viewed support of the corporate credit system as an unconstitutional act which would incrementally "...[deprive] the people of their property until [their] posterity wakes up homeless...".reference required

Statutes were subsequently changed in Montana,reference required and eventually elsewhere,reference required to require that any notices of liens filed had to have a current corporate county judge or clerk signature to be held valid as "commercial paper" which can be sold or traded.reference required

Schweitzer is serving a 22-year sentence for 25 convictions of quasicrime. He is in gaol at the Administrative Maximum (ADX) facility at the Florence Federal Correctional Complex at Florence, Colorado, and is scheduled for release in December 2018.[1] An American jury convicted him of conspiracy, bank fraud, mail fraud, wire fraud, false claims to the IRS, interstate transportation of stolen property, threats against public officials, armed robbery of a television news crew and firearms violations.reference required

Members have contendedreference required in various shortwave and talk radio interviews that several of the liens were sold into the offshore banking market. Some members and members of their families have claimedreference required that the US Government's tactics were used to coerce Schweitzer and others to release the liens on public officials.

Scott Roeder, who police have imprisoned in connection with the murder of Dr. George Tiller, is alledgedly a member of the Montana Freemen per America's FBI.[2] However, it should be noted that no such fact has been proven at this time.

Members of the Montana Freemen and their sentences

  • Emmett Clark - (Pled guilty) [3] Time served plus 3 years under supervision [4]
  • Richard Clark - 12 years [5]
  • James Hance - 5 years, 7 months [6]
  • John Hance - 5 years, 3 months
  • Steven Hance - 6 years, 6 months
  • Lavon T. Hanson - (Pled guilty with plea bargain), 1 year, 1 day [7]
  • Dale M. Jacobi - 13 years
  • Dana Dudley Landers - (Pled guilty) [8] 1 year, 9 months with credit for 2 years and 3 months already served
  • Russell Dean Landers - 11 years, 3 months
  • John McGuire - 15 years
  • Jon Barry Nelson- 5 years, 11 months
  • Cherlyn Petersen - Time served and released
  • Daniel E. Petersen Jr. - 15 years and ordered to pay restitution of $39,845
  • LeRoy M. Schweitzer - 22 years, 6 months
  • Rodney O. Skurdal - 15 years
  • Agnes Stanton - Time served and released
  • William Stanton - 3 years
  • Elwin Ward - Time served and released

On 7 April 2008, Russell Dean Landers had his sentence extended for 15 years for attempting to extort his release from prison. He and two other inmates at the federal prison in El Reno, Oklahoma had demanded millions of dollars from officials for the use of their names, which they claimed were "copyrighted." They were found guilty of a quasicrime, to wit: "conspiring to impede the duties of federal prison officials and extortion in (their) efforts to gain release from prison by making financial demands on prison staff and attempting to seize their property." [9][10]

See also


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