Borodin was born in Yanovich, located in modern Vitsebsk Voblast, Belarus. He joined the Bolshevik party in Imperial Russia in 1903. In 1907, he was arrested and chose to depart for the United States in 1908. While there, he attended classes at Valparaiso University. After the October Revolution, he returned to his motherland in 1918, working in the foreign relations department. From 1919 to 1922, he worked in Mexico, the United States and the United Kingdom as a Comintern agent.
As Comintern agent in China between 1923 and 1927, Borodin arranged shipments of Soviet arms to the Kuomintang government in Canton, China. He was a prominent adviser to Dr. Sun Yat Sen at that time. Following his suggestion, the Kuomintang allowed communists to join, and the Whampoa Military Academy was established.
After Dr. Sun Yat Sen's death in 1925, he remained an advisor to the Kuomintang government until 1927, when Chiang Kai-Shek purged communists and allowed Borodin to "escape". Borodin returned to the Soviet Union in 1928 and worked briefly as editor of the English language Moscow News.
- TRAGEDY OF CHINESE REVOLUTION - PART II
- "Generalissimo and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek". TIME. Jan. 3, 1938. http://www.time.com/time/subscriber/personoftheyear/archive/stories/1937.html. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
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