Louis-Maximilian Bimstein (1848—1927), better known as Max Théon and Aia Aziz, was a Jewish Kabbalist and occult personality born in Warsaw, Poland. The son of a Frankist rabbi and a somewhat elusive personality, he is called in esoteric circles the Unknown Occultist. His influence on the Western mystery tradition at the turn of the century is in any case a significant one: he directly inspired Helena Blavatsky of the Theosophical Society and Carl Kellner of the Ordo Templi Orientis. Beyond this he even influenced movements in India, particularly Sri Aurobindo, a yogi associated with the Bengal Renaissance and the Hindu reform movement.
During his lifetime, Théon wandered far and wide. Being born in Poland, he spent a significant amount of time in the United Kingdom (in particular London), France (prominent in Paris), Egypt and Algeria where he spent the bulk of his latter years. A founder of numerous esoteric orders associated with paramasonry, the best known of these was the Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor, which he founded while in London. His influence in the occult underground can be compared to Samuel Falk of the previous era. He was married to the clairvoyant Alma Théon, involved in promoting his Cosmic Tradition.
- Mirra Alfassa — a Jewess married to Sri Aurobindo, associated with the Théons
- Aria Nuova (December 2009). "Max Théon".
- Samuel Scarborough (December 2009). "The Influence of Egypt on the Modern Western Mystery Tradition: The Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor".