- 1813 - David Livingstone, Scottish missionary and explorer (d. 1873)
- 1821 - Richard Francis Burton, British explorer, diplomat and author (d. 1890)
- 1848 - Wyatt Earp, American policeman and gunfighter (d. 1929)
- 1849 - Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
- 1860 - William Jennings Bryan, 41st United States Secretary of State (d. 1925)
- 1891 - Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1974)
- 1905 - Albert Speer, German NSDAP official (d. 1981)
- 1906 - Adolf Eichmann, German NSDAP official (d. 1962)
- 1925 - Brent Scowcroft, US National Security Advisor
- 1944 - Sirhan Sirhan, convicted assassin of United States Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
- 1956 - Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.