Maratha Empire

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The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was a Hindu state located in present-day India. It existed from 1674 to 1818 and at its peak the empire's territories covered much of South Asia. The empire was founded and consolidated by Shivaji. After the death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb it expanded greatly under the rule of the Peshwas. In 1761, the Maratha army lost the Third Battle of Panipat which halted the expansion of the empire. Later, the empire was divided into a confederacy of Maratha states which eventually were lost to the British in the Anglo-Maratha wars by 1818.

A large portion of the empire was coastline and secured with a potent navy under commanders such as Kanhoji Angre. He was very successful in keeping foreign naval ships, particularly Portuguese and British, under check. For his foresight of establishing one of the first large-scale naval presences, he is referred to as the "Father of Indian Navy".[1] Building and securing seaside as well as land based forts played an important role in Maratha's military history.

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.

References

  1. Setumadhavarao S. Pagadi. (1993). SHIVAJI. NATIONAL BOOK TRUST, 21. ISBN 8123706472.