The Majdanek camp was according to the politically correct view on the Holocaust and the Holocaust camps an extermination camp, while Holocaust revisionists argue that it was a concentration/forced labor camp.
The Majdanek camp is sometimes referred to as the Lublin camp, since it was located in the outskirts of the city of Lublin. The name Majdanek derives from the name of the city district.
Argued Soviet propaganda
Majdanek, in the summer of 1944, was the first alleged extermination camp reached by the Soviets. In the camp, they found cremation furnaces, delousing chambers, and cans of Zyklon B. Revisionist argue that, although all these objects had life-saving functions, Soviet propaganda turned them into their opposite. These claims were extensively publicized also in other Allied countries.
Another find was a huge pile of shoes, which has been revealed to originate from a place in the camp where old shoes were repaired. These shoes were also used for propaganda purposes.
Claimed numbers killed
Revisionists argue that the alleged atrocities in Majdanek have been gradually reduced in size also by mainstream descriptions, as Auschwitz and the "Aktion Reinhard" camps have come to dominate the Holocaust narrative.
Victim numbers claimed for Majdanek according to different sources:
- 1,700,000 Penal Court Lublin (p. 80)
- 1,500,000 IMT (p. 79)
- 1,380,000 Lucy Dawidowicz (p. 89)
- 360,000 Zdzislaw Lukaszkiewicz (pp. 12, 81), Józef Marszalek (p. 86), Eberhard Jäckel (p. 89), Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (Gutman 1990, vol. III, p. 939)
- 250,000 Wolfgang Scheffler (p. 89), Enzyklopädie des Holocaust (Jäckel et al. 1993, vol. II, p. 918)
- 235,000 Czeslaw Rajca (p. 87)
- 125,000 Martin Gilbert (Jews only, p. 89)
- 100,000 Jean-Claude Pressac (Igounet 2000, pp. 640f.)
- 78,000 Tomasz Kranz (59,000 of these Jews; Kranz 2005)
- 50,000 Raul Hilberg (Jews only, p. 89)
The 2010 revisionist book Lectures on the Holocaust stated that "The most interesting of them is probably the second from last, which was claimed by the head of the research department of the Majdanek Museum, Tomasz Kranz (cf. Graf 2008). It’s less than 5% of what a Polish court had claimed right after the war, and it comes pretty close to what revisionists claim." How many of these were Jews was unclear, but was argued to probably be more than half.
The 2012 revisionist book Concentration camp Majdanek, A historical and technical study stated that "The people imprisoned there suffered under catastrophically unsanitary conditions, epidemics, at times completely insufficient rations, back-breaking heavy labor, harassment. More than 40,000 Majdanek inmates died, primarily from disease, debilitation and malnutrition; an unknown number was executed. The real victims of Majdanek deserve our respect, just as all victims of war and oppression deserve our respect, regardless what nation they belong to. But we are not doing the dead any service by inflating their number for political and propagandistic reasons and by making utterly unfounded claims about the way they died."
According also to politically correct history, 20,000 prisoners were released from camp, which revisionists argue is difficult to reconcile with the Germans being extremely secretive regarding the alleged exterminations.
The sanitary conditions in the camp are argued to, especially initially, have been very poor, and causing epidemics and many deaths. In early 1943, the camp was inspected and was criticized for the sanitary conditions, but improvements were confirmed.
The revisionist book Concentration camp Majdanek, A historical and technical study stated that "If “the desire for extermination was undoubtedly predominant” in Majdanek at least until autumn 1943, it would have been preposterous to build a hospital. It would have been preposterous to reassign inmate doctors from Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Dachau, and Auschwitz to Majdanek. It would have been preposterous to set up disinfection facilities and thus to protect the inmates to be exterminated from dying of typhus. It would have been preposterous to send inspectors to Majdanek and have them draw up lengthy reports about the sanitary conditions and about the measures to be taken for their improvement. Finally, it would have been preposterous to allow the Red Cross to distribute the typhus vaccine."
Alleged mass shootings and Zyklon B/carbon monoxide mass gassings
Politically correct history alleges that on 4 November 1943, 17,000 Jewish armament workers were shot. Revisionists argue that this is absurd, considering that Germany was in desperate need for workers in the armament factories. A large number of arguments are argued to support that this claim is false propaganda.
Majdanek was by the Communist Soviet Union and Poland alleged to have used Zyklon B and carbon monoxide for mass gassings. Revisionists have argued that the evidence for this was even poorer than for Auschwitz, based on alleged "code language", but with no witness testimonies that describe the claimed homicidal gassing procedure, all documents clearly referring only to delousing or disinfestation operations, and all the buildings being in essentially their original state and impossible to have been used as alleged.
- Concentration camp Majdanek, A historical and technical study - Holocaust Handbooks
- Lectures on the Holocaust - section 3.7. Majdanek, the “Auxiliary Extermination Camp”
- Holocaust Handbooks, Volume 15: Germar Rudolf: Lectures on the Holocaust—Controversial Issues Cross Examined 2nd, revised and corrected edition. http://holocausthandbooks.com/index.php?page_id=15
- Jürgen Graf and Carlo Mattogno. Concentration camp Majdanek, A historical and technical study. Third Revised & Expanded Edition by TBR: January 2012. Holocaust Handbooks. http://holocausthandbooks.com/index.php?main_page=1&page_id=5