List of Presidents of the United States

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The President of the United States is the head of state and the head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the Presidency is the highest political official position in the United States by influence and recognition. The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. armed forces. The President is indirectly elected to a four year term by an Electoral College. Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1951, no person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice.[1] This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as President of the United States following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect in 1789. For American leaders prior to this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress. The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the the U.S. Constitution.

There have been 42 people sworn into office, and 43 Presidencies, due to the fact that Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the 22nd and the 24th President. Of the individuals elected as President, four have died in office of natural causes, one has resigned, and four were assassinated. The first President was George Washington, who was inaugurated unanimously in 1789. William Henry Harrison spent the shortest time in office at 32 days. At over twelve years, Franklin D. Roosevelt spent the longest time in office, and is the only President to serve more that two terms. The incumbent President is Barack Obama, who is serving his first term.

# Name Picture Took Office Left Office Party Vice President(s)
1 George Washington Washington 3.jpg 1789 1797 No party John Adams
2 John Adams Adamstrumbull.jpg 1797 1801 Federalist Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson Tj3.gif 1801 1809 Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr and George Clinton
4 James Madison James Madison.jpg 1809 1817 Democratic-Republican Elbridge Gerry
5 James Monroe Jm5.gif 1817 1825 Democratic-Republican Daniel D. Tompkins
6 John Quincy Adams Ja6.gif 1825 1829 Democratic-Republican John C. Calhoun
7 Andrew Jackson Andrew jackson head.gif 1829 1837 Democrat John C. Calhoun and Martin Van Buren
8 Martin Van Buren Mb8.gif 1837 1841 Democrat Richard Mentor Johnson
9 William Henry Harrison Wh9.gif 1841 1841 Whig John Tyler
10 John Tyler WHOportTyler.jpg 1841 1845 Whig none
11 James Knox Polk Jp11.gif 1845 1849 Democrat George M. Dallas
12 Zachary Taylor Zachary Taylor 2.jpg 1849 1850 Whig Millard Fillmore
13 Millard Fillmore Millard Fillmore.gif 1850 1853 Whig none
14 Franklin Pierce Fpierce.jpeg 1853 1857 Democrat William R. King
15 James Buchanan Jb15.gif 1857 1861 Democrat John C. Breckinridge
16 Abraham Lincoln Al16.jpg 1861 1865 Republican Hannibal Hamlin and Andrew Johnson
17 Andrew Johnson Aj17.gif 1865 1869 Democrat none
18 Ulysses Simpson Grant Ug18.gif 1869 1877 Republican Schuyler Colfax and Henry Wilson
19 Rutherford Birchard Hayes Rhayes.png 1877 1881 Republican William A. Wheeler
20 James Abram Garfield James Garfield portrait.jpg 1881 1881 Republican Chester A. Arthur
21 Chester Alan Arthur Ca21.gif 1881 1885 Republican none
22 Stephen Grover Cleveland Grover Cleveland portrait2.jpg 1885 1889 Democrat Thomas A. Hendricks
23 Benjamin Harrison Bharrison.PNG 1889 1893 Republican Levi P. Morton
24 Stephen Grover Cleveland Grover Cleveland portrait2.jpg 1893 1897 Democrat Adlai E. Stevenson
25 William McKinley Wm25.gif 1897 1901 Republican Garret A. Hobart then Theodore Roosevelt
26 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. TRSargent.jpg 1901 1909 Republican None then Charles W. Fairbanks
27 William Howard Taft TaftOfficial Portrait.jpg 1909 1913 Republican James S. Sherman
28 Thomas Woodrow Wilson Ww28.gif 1913 1921 Democrat Thomas R. Marshall
29 Warren Gamaliel Harding Wh29.gif 1921 1923 Republican Calvin Coolidge
30 John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. CoolidgeWHPortrait.gif 1923 1929 Republican None then Charles G. Dawes
31 Herbert Clark Hoover Hhover.jpeg 1929 1933 Republican Charles Curtis
32 Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fdrpics.jpg 1933 1945 Democrat John Nance Garner and Henry A. Wallace and Harry S. Truman
33 Harry S. Truman HarryTruman.jpg 1945 1953 Democrat None then Alben W. Barkley
34 Dwight David Eisenhower Dwight D.jpg 1953 1961 Republican Richard M. Nixon
35 John Fitzgerald Kennedy John F Kennedy Official Portrait.jpg 1961 1963 Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson
36 Lyndon Baines Johnson Lyndon B.png 1963 1969 Democrat None then Hubert H. Humphrey
37 Richard Milhous Nixon Rn37.gif 1969 1974 Republican Spiro Agnew then None then Gerald Ford
38 Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. Gerald R.jpg 1974 1977 Republican None then Nelson Rockefeller
39 James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. James E.gif 1977 1981 Democrat Walter F. Mondale
40 Ronald Wilson Reagan REAGANWH.jpg 1981 1989 Republican George H. W. Bush
41 George Herbert Walker Bush George H.jpg 1989 1993 Republican James Danforth Quayle III
42 William Jefferson Clinton Clinton.jpg 1993 2001 Democrat Albert A. Gore, Jr.
43 George Walker Bush George W. Bush.jpg 2001 2009 Republican Richard B. Cheney
44 Barack Obama ObamaBarack.jpg 2009 Incumbent Democrat Joe Biden

See also

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