|Leo Max Frank|
|Born||1884, April, 17 Cuero, Texas, Leo Max Frank|
|Died||1915, August, 17, Marietta, Georgia, Lynching, 31.3 years old|
|Known for||Murdering Mary Phagan on Saturday, April 26th 1913|
|Organization||National Pencil Company in Atlanta, Georgia|
|School||Degree in mechanical engineering (1906), Cornell University, pencil manufacturing apprenticeship in Germany (1908)|
|Parents||Rudolph Frank and Ray Jacobs|
Leo Max Frank (April 17, 1884 – August 17, 1915) was a violent Jewish serial child molester, pedophile-rapist, adulterous whoremonger and vicious strangler in the United States. He was president of the Atlanta chapter of B'nai B'rith in 1912 & 1913, and on August 17, 1915, he was executed by hanging, for bludgeoning, raping, and strangling of 13-year old Mary Phagan, on April 26, 1913.
Brooklyn raised and educated as a mechanical engineer at Ivy League Cornell University in Ithaca, NY (1902 - 1906), he later trained in pencil manufacturing at Eberhard Faber in the former German Empire during a 9-month apprenticeship in 1908. Leo M. Frank returned to America at Ellis Island, August 1st, 1908. Briefly visiting his family in Brooklyn for just a few short days. Leo M. Frank traveled to Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan on 34th and 8th, and embarked on a 2-day train ride to Atlanta, Georgia.
Arriving in Atlanta, Georgia, on August 6, 1908, Leo M. Frank began a dramatic five year chapter in his life. With a blessing from his rich and savvy, cotton oil investor, uncle Moses Frank, the National Pencil Company would hire Leo M. Frank on August 10, 1908, until Tuesday, April 29, 1913, when Leo M. Frank was arrested and became the prime suspect in the Mary Phagan murder mystery investigation.
On May 7, 1913, A Coroner's Inquest lead by the prodigious savant Coroner Paul Donehee, and a Jury of 6 men, questioned 160 directly affiliated witnesses and associates, and then voted unanimously 7 to 0, to bind over Leo M. Frank for the murder of Mary Phagan and to be reviewed by a Grand Jury.
On May 24, 1913, a Grand Jury of 21 men which included 4 Jewish members, after completing a thorough murder investigation and hearing the testimony of numerous witnesses, voted unanimously 21 to 0, to indict Leo M. Frank, charging him with the strangulation of Mary Phagan on April 26, 1913.
On July 28, 1913, the Leo M. Frank trial began, more than 200 witnesses for the State and Defense were to be called.
On August 18, 1913, Leo Frank made a virtual murder confession at his trial, during his 4 hour statement. In response to Monteen Stover's testimony about Leo Frank's inner and outer office being empty on April 26, 1913, between 12:05 and 12:10 PM, Leo Frank stated the reason his office was empty was during this time was because he might have "unconsciously" gone to the bathroom to use the toilet or to urinate. The only bathroom on the second floor was in the metal room, the place the State's prosecution spent the first three months of the trial convincing the Jury that Leo Frank murdered Mary Phagan on April 26, 1913, between 12:05 and 12:10 PM.
On August 21, 1913, the longest, and most expensive trial in Southern history at the time ends, closing arguments begin.
On August 25, 1913, closing arguments end at Noon. At 4:00 PM, after 4 hours of Jury deliberation, Leo M. Frank was unanimously (12 to 0) convicted of murder, for the Confederate Memorial Day strangling of little Mary Anne Phagan on April 26, 1913.
On August 26, 1913, the presiding Judge, the Honorable Leonard Strickland Roan, affirmed the verdict of guilt, and sentenced Leo Frank to death by hanging. Together, the Judge, along with the 12-man Jury, voted unanimously 13 to 0 against Leo M. Frank. Judge Roan sentenced Leo Frank to hang on October 10, 1913.
On October 31, 1913, Judge Leonard Strickland Roan rejected a request for a new trial by the Leo Frank defense dream team, and re-sentenced Leo Max Frank to die on his 30th birthday, April 17, 1914. The sentencing put doubts into any claims Judge Roan doubted the verdict of guilt.
From August 27, 1913, to April 22, 1915, Leo M. Frank appealed his conviction to every level of the United States Appellate Court System, including, the Georgia Superior Court, Georgia Supreme Court (twice), Federal District Court and the United States Supreme Court (twice).
Every level of the United States Legal System, after carefully and meticulously reviewing the trial testimony and evidence, voted in majority decisions to reject his appeals and preserve the unanimous verdict of guilt given to Leo M. Frank by the 13-man tribunal of Judge Leonard Strickland Roan and the 12-man Jury.
In May of 1915, the Georgia State Prison Board voted 2 to 1 against a clemency petition by and for Leo M. Frank.
Leo Frank's death sentence was commuted on June 21, 1915, from hanging to life in prison, by a corrupt outgoing Governor, John M. Slaton, who had been bribed by wealthy Jews and was a senior law partner and part owner of the wealthy and powerful law firm that provided legal representation (Rosser, Slaton, Brandon & Phillips) for Leo M. Frank at his capital murder trial (July 28 to August 26, 1913) and a number of his appeals.
Outraged, the most prominent men from the State of Georgia, including a former governor, formed the Knight's of Mary Phagan in the summer of 1915. Later many of these men became the founding fathers (November 25, 1915) of the second incarnation of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) revival.
On July 17, 1915, Leo Frank "got shanked" in prison. His throat was slashed with a 7 inch butcher knife and he barely survived the attack.
On August 16, 1915 - about two months after the illegal commutation - the most audacious prison break in U.S. history was executed with military precision by a group of leading men from Georgia's society and government. Leo Frank was abducted from the Milledgeville State Prison, a work farm, driven 150 miles to Frey's Gin in Cobb County, Marietta, and lynched from a mature oak tree. The site of the lynching encompassed by Frey's Grove, is now 1200 Roswell Road, Marietta, GA.
- 1 Biography of Leo Max Frank
- 2 The Early Years of Leo M. Frank
- 3 Education - Public Schools, College Prep at Pratt Institute, Cornell University: 1902 to 1906
- 4 Employment 1906 to 1913
- 5 1910 Jewish Marriage. Mr. Leo Max Frank Marries Miss Lucile Selig
- 6 April 26th 1913
- 7 April 27th 1913
- 8 Police and Detective Investigation - April 27th 1913 Sunday
- 9 Tuesday April 29 1913
- 10 Coroners Inquest Jury, Wednesday, April 30 1913
- 11 Grand Jury
- 12 Trial of Leo M. Frank
- 13 Appeals Process 1913 to 1915
- 14 Detailed Chronology of Appeals and Events
- 15 John Marshall Slaton, Commutation / Clemency, June 21st 1915
- 16 Leo Frank Gets Shanked July 17 1915
- 17 Lynching of Leo Frank - August 17 1915
- 18 August 18, 1913, Lucille Selig Frank Leaves Atlanta to Bury Leo M. Frank in New York City
- 19 Alonzo "Lonnie" Mann - 1982 / 1983
- 20 Failed Pardon
- 21 Posthumous Pardon without Exoneration - March 11 1986
- 22 False Accusations of Anti-Semitism by Jewish Community
- 23 References
- 24 See also
- 25 External links
Biography of Leo Max Frank
Leo Max Frank was born on April 17, 1884, in the small frontier town of Cuero, in South Eastern Texas, to his mother, Rachael Jacobs (April, 1859 to January 1, 1925), a home maker, and his father, Rudolph Frank (November, 1844 to Jan 15, 1922), the local Postmaster. Three months after the birth of Leo M. Frank, during the height of a hot dusty summer, in July 1884, his parents decided to move their new family back to Brooklyn, NY, to live with Rachel Jacob's family, until Rudolph could get on his feet in a brand new career as a traveling salesman.
As a result of Leo Frank's parents permanently settling in Brooklyn, NY, Leo Frank grew up there and was educated within the New York City Public School System. Frank went to High School and did some college prep work at the artsy fartsy Pratt Institute (1898 to 1902) in Brooklyn Heights, before attending college. Leo Frank applied to and was accepted at Cornell University, one of the state's premiere Ivy League institutions, the tuition was only $100 a year at the time.
In the fall of 1902 Leo Frank matriculated into Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and began his first semester as a mechanical engineering student. In the summer of 1905, at the end of Leo's junior year at Cornell, his rich uncle Moses Frank (1842-1927), took Leo on a sojourn to Europe and they spent the summer there traveling around and meeting with extended family.
Upon returning back home to the United States of America on September 24, 1905, Leo would make the journey from NYC back to Ithaca, NY, and begin his fall semester and final year at college as a Cornell senior. After graduating with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from his Alma Matter in June, 1906, Leo Frank drifted on and off through associated and affiliated jobs over numerous months, without ever fully connecting with any kind of constancy and durability.
- Life Changing Visit to the South, 1907
Though Frank's youthful instability and employment uncertainties would all dramatically change when he would be offered a career opportunity in Atlanta, GA, after a part-business and part-pleasure visit to Georgia in 1907 with his uncle Moses Frank. During his 2 week visit of "getting to know better" Southern culture and meeting with family, discussions were made about a potentially lucrative manufacturing venture. The vision of it enticed Leo Frank, who had trained, and briefly worked as an engineer, to make a decision that radically changing the course of his life forever.
- Destination the Imperial German Empire, 1908
On returning to New York City after a two day train ride from Atlanta, Georgia, Leo Frank prepared himself to embark on a weeks long Atlantic sojourn to Europe, where he traveled, and briefly met again with extended family in various bordering countries, and then began a 9 month pencil manufacturing apprenticeship in Germany. Upon completion of his training, Frank traveled around a bit and then crossed the Atlantic back to the USA for the last time, returning to New York City, August 1st, 1908, on the USS Amerika, and then shortly thereafter, spending time with family for less than a week. From NYC, the last stop before the ultimate final destination, traveling by choo choo train, relocating to Atlanta, Georgia, arriving August 6, 1908.
- The National Pencil Company (NPCo) in the Heart of Atlanta, Georgia.
At the behest of his angel investor and stock-owning uncle Moses Frank, Leo Frank was hired by the NPCo and began work on August 10, 1908, thus beginning a new career at the National Pencil Company. The manufacturing plant was a newly invested, part-owned, family business, one that Frank had prepared for diligently during his training stint in Europe's Germania. An ambitious Leo Frank eventually worked his way from a mid level status employee all the way up to the high profile general superintendent, becoming broadly responsible for overseeing quality management, order fulfillment, shipping, accounting, time card management, employment, and directly ensuring employees received their correct salaries each and every week.
- A Jewish Wedding
In 1910, Leo Frank married into the Selig-Cohen household, a prominent and religiously active Jewish family, one who generations earlier had founded the first synagogue in Georgia. Mrs. Josephine Selig carried the maiden name of Cohen, the elite Jewish Priest Class "blood-line" and because traditional Jewish law puts greater emphasis on the maternal line in determining ones Jewishness, Lucille, despite carrying the Jewish last name of Selig, was for all intensive purposes of higher caste in terms of her Jewish bloodline rank within the Jewish community.
After marrying into an elite family, an ambitious work-hard and play-hard Leo Frank shined like a rising star, appearing and manifesting great potential to be a leader and prominent member of the Jewish community, and he was honored as such, eventually reaching its zenith, when Frank was elected and became B'nai B'rith President in 1912, by the 500 member lodge. To be elected President of B'nai B'rith is one of the highest honors the elite and wealthy members within the inner circle of the Jewish community can bestow on one of the best of their own race.
- B'nai B'rith and Pedophilia
In modern times B'nai B'rith members have exhibited an ongoing, current and troubling history of pedophilia, including harboring child pornography (search on google for Bill Surkis of B'nai B'rith Canada and Child Pornography 2010 to see the slap on the wrist Jews get for pedophilia videos, Former B'nai B'rith head admits downloading 9 hours of child pornography for "educational" purposes), and Leo Frank would be part of that child-sex legacy, revealing the historical pedophile tendencies of the B'nai B'rith past.
- Leo M. Frank, Twice Elected, B'nai B'rith President, 1912 to 1913 and 1913 to 1914
More than 19 factory employees in 1913 would disclose that Leo Frank was an aggressive sexual predator and child molester, one who often made inappropriate sexual innuendos and propositioned numerous pre-teen and teenage child laborers for sexual favors.
Leo M. Frank offered many of the children working at his factory short term opportunities to prostitute their bodies in exchange for money as a temporary escape from their near slave wages and poverty. It was also discovered the pencil factory was being used at various times as a late night whorehouse rendezvous, including after hours partying and Dionysian orgies, all under the winking eye of Leo M. Frank, who himself entertained numerous in-call prostitutes from Atlanta's red light district and scattered bordellos. The Pencil Factory was a sweat shop by day, and a rendezvous place for pedophilia and whoring on various evenings and weekends.
- The Apogee
There were two factories Leo M. Frank managed, the Forsyth and Bell Pencil Lead Plant, they were grueling sweatshops that employed Gentile, poverty stricken pre-teen and teenage girls and boys; these children from poor families, often worked 11 hour shifts during the day, five to six days a week, in horrendous conditions and for meager pay of just pennies an hour. The average laborers weekly pay at the National Pencil Company was $4.05 a week for a 55 hour shift, the wage being 7 and 4/11 cents an hour.
- April 26th 1913, A Celebrated Southern Holiday, Confederate Memorial Day, Atlanta, Georgia
According to Leo Frank, in a shuttered factory on Confederate Memorial Day, Saturday, April 26, 1913, Mary Phagan walked into his second floor inner office at 12:02 PM, but at the same time Leo M. Frank claims he did not know her name at the time. She called out her employee number #186, Leo Frank claimed he thumbed through his payroll box and pulled out an envelope with her initials M.P. and employee number #186 written on it with a lead pencil, and then handed the envelope to thirteen year old Mary Phagan. Frank claimed again and again, he did not know the girl, but he remembered specifically her pay envelope had in it 2 silver barber half dollars and two silver barber dimes.
Mary Phagan was one of his factory child laborers, who had been laid off with three other girls the previous Monday, April 21, 1913, when supplies of brass sheet metal had intermittently ran out. According to Leo Frank, as Mary Phagan was about to leave, she allegedly turned around at the door and asked him if the metal had arrived, and Leo Frank claimed he told her "no".
- I Don't Know
It was later determined Leo Frank lured Mary Phagan into the metal room, which was just down the hall from his own second floor office, with an answer to her question about whether or not the metal had come, saying "I Don't Know". The metal room, in the tipping department was where Mary Phagan had worked for more than a year, her job was using a Knurling machine to insert rubber erasers into the brass bands attached at the ends of pencils in their final production stage. Leo Frank using the false pretense of seeing if the metal supplies had arrived or not, and thus Mary Phagan determining whether or not she would have her job back on the following Monday, Leo M. Frank, tricked Mary Phagan into going to the metal room to "find out".
Once inside the metal room alone with Mary Phagan, Leo Frank quietly closed the metal room door shut and securely locked it, and using Mary Phagan's laid-off, temporarily unemployed status and potential job prospects on the coming Monday morning, as a species of coercion and manipulation, demanded sex from Mary Phagan, that is, if she wanted her job back, but when Mary Phagan resisted him, and tried to escape, Leo Frank grabbed her and pounded her in the face with his angry fist, slammed her head against the handle of the lathe machine, leaving 6 to 12 bloody hairs entangled on it, then he bludgeoned, raped and garroted Phagan with a 7-foot cord so she couldn't tell anyone.
Prosecution Lawyers suggested, that to be fair, Leo Frank might not have had premeditated murder in his heart, when he coaxed Mary Phagan to go back with him into the metal room, but in his overpowering attempt to turn her out, knowing unconsciously, he had no choice but to permanently silence her, because if Mary Phagan had reported that Frank violently forced himself on her, it was a recipe for disaster.
Back in the historical days of Dixie, their was the risk of vigilante justice against rapists. Men who sexually assaulted women were often castrated without anesthesia, followed by being lynched. Even if Frank did not hypothetically end in that fate, because he had wealthy connections, he knew either way his career, reputation and marriage would have been permanently ruined.
Mary Phagan's strangulation became a national scandal once the discovery of it hit the media's press, and it later became a national cause celeb for the Jewish community, which feared being disgraced because a high profile member of their community had committed such a disgracefully heinous crime.
- When Did Leo M. Frank Say the exact time of the Murder Happened?
According to Leo Frank's own statements which amounted to a virtual admissions of murder (See State's Exhibit B, Monday, April 28, 1913, in the Brief of Evidence and the August 18, 1913, Leo Frank unconscious bathroom murder confession), the beating, pedophile-rape and strangling of Mary Phagan, occurred between "12:05 to 12:10, maybe 12:07", with an absolute time range of 12:05 to 12:15.
- Mary Phagan's Last Breath Between 1205 to 1215 PM
After Leo Frank murdered Mary Phagan, Frank asked his lackey Negro custodian and watchdog, Jim (James) Connolly, to dump the body in the rear of the basement in front of an oversized large furnace, with the unspoken intention of later asking Connolly to stuff Mary Phagan in the oven to cremate her. When Frank and Connolly went back to Leo's second floor office, Frank asked Connolly to ghost write unheard-of and never before created murder notes, as if they were being written by Mary Phagan while she was in the middle of being raped and killed by the Nightwatchman Newt Lee, an honest Negro employee who had not arrived to work yet, but would be at the factory in the late afternoon to begin his security guard rounds. The body was placed in such a way that Newt Lee would eventually discover it.
- Blame it on the Night Watch (Night Witch)
The contrived murder notes evolved the Mary Phagan cold case into one of the most shocking and embarrassingly botched attempts in U.S. history, by a Jew trying to frame and railroad the heinous crime on an innocent Negro, Leo Frank's graveyard shift employee, an African American named Newt Lee, who was setup to be the fall guy and scapegoat for the Mary Phagan murder. Later at the trial, Newt Lee, who had been working at the factory as the nightwatchman for 3 weeks, would have some very interesting sworn testimony to provide about Leo M. Frank's unusual behavior on that infamous day of April 26 1913. It was testimony that even Leo Frank would not counter or explain away during his August 18, 1913 trial testimony.
- Down payment of a Half Pack of Cigarettes, Two Paper Dollars and Two Silver Quarters, $200 promised
Frank offered a later post-payment of $200 to Jim Connolly (Jim Conley), if Connolly would go downstairs stuff the dead body of Mary Phagan into the giant cellar oven and burn the evidence, but Connolly was leery and hesitant, saying he would only do it if Frank helped him. For some reason Frank wanted Connolly to do it by himself and would not help him. Frank told Conley that if he didn't get caught and if Connolley would do the job, he would pay him the money during the week.
Frank gave Connolly a small down payment of cash and smokes, but Connolly left the factory with the $2.50 and a half-pack of cigarettes, that Frank had given him as a small down payment on the $200 bribe offering. Frank sternly, firmly and directly ordered Connolly to come back later and finish the clean up job, including specific hints that Connolly must finish the makeshift crematorium work of burning Phagans body if he wanted the $200. Jim Connolly didn't accept or reject the job, but got spooked, left the factory and went drinking across the street before going home and falling asleep. Had Connolly done what his criminal Jewish master had told him to do, this article might not exist today. Frank left the factory to go home for a late lunch between 1:10 and 1:20, arriving at his home at about 1:30, he was nauseous, stayed for about 10 minutes, didn't eat anything and then left to go back into town. Frank had silently prayed to himself, hoping that Conley was doing the erasure of evidence deed.
- Butterflies in his Stomach
Leo Frank returned to the factory after his late "lunch" of eating absolutely nothing and waited around for Jim Connolly to return promptly, on the promise of $200 in Greenbacks, that is if Jim would incinerate the body, but when Connolly never came back that late afternoon, Frank became nauseously terrified and more nervous, agitated, frenetic and excited, than ever, and in a last pitched act of desperation, Frank snatched the contrived murder notes he had dictated to Connoly to scrawl up earlier and scattered them next to Phagan's body in the gloom of the basement. It is not clear, why Frank did not attempt to stuff the bloody body of Phagan into the oven himself and attempt to destroy the evidence. It might have been because the basement was absolutely filthy and covered wall to wall in black charred soot and cinders. Frank cautiously would have avoided getting unnecessarily dirty and stain himself in a way he could not explain away when he went home. Honey, why does your handsome suit have some blood and soot stains on it? Oh, I don't know pumkin, just a busy day on the job on this quiet holiday at the office. When police examined the furnace they noted Mary Phagan would probably not fit inside.
Frank then went back upstairs to possibly resume a poorly and partly consummated clean up job in the metal room, but it is unlikely he would have made much effort, for the same reasons he had not in the basement.
A clean up job which included smearing and rubbing haskolene into the blood stains left by Mary Phagans head when she dropped on the floor, it was a cover up attempt to hide the murder evidence as best as possible, but the blood clearly showed through the bungled erasure attempt. It was likely that Frank had the Janitor do the half-assed clean up job and that he did a half-hearted job or was just simply unable to hide the soaked in blood stains on the floor.
- The Night Watch or the Night Witch Arrives
When Newt Lee finally arrived at work at 4pm, Frank was bustling with nervousness, frantic, agitated, frenzied and excited. Frank ordered Newt Lee to leave the factory, have a good time and come back at 6PM or 6:30PM, with the hopes Jim Connolly would hopefully come back for the potential $200 bribe offering. Though Newt Lee was exhausted because he had to come into work early at Frank's request on Friday and Newt Lee asked Frank if he could please sleep in the packing room for an hour or two, but Frank wouldn't let him stay and was insistent that Newt Lee leave the factory and go out and have a good time - Leo Frank practically pushed Newt Lee out of the factory.
When Newt came back at 6PM, Leo Frank left briskly, and became terrified with horror when on the way out he ran into a former employee named Gantt that had known Mary Phagan and her family quite well, but Frank was relieved when he discovered that the former employee was there just only wanted to collect his shoes he left there in the factory previously and was not looking for the perplexingly missing Mary Phagan. Frank lied in a non-chalant manner to the former employee saying he had seen the Negro Connoly sweep them out of the factory, Frank was trying to get rid of him without seeming overly concerned, but Gantt outmaneuvered Frank and convinced him to let him go in to the factory and Frank obliged with the caveat that Newt Lee must accompany him during the whole time. Gantt, found his shoes in the packing room, and left the building with Newt Lee closely following and monitoring. Newt Lee, then locked the front door and began his rounds.
When Frank got home at 6:30pm he immediately called the factory but no one picked up and then he called again at 7:00pm and Newt Lee finally picked up, Frank in a brisk frazzled voice asked if everything was Alright at the factory and when Newt Lee said Yes, Frank said goodbye and slammed the phone. Frank had never called the factory on a Saturday or any day for that matter before, to check up on things, according to Newt Lee. Frank said he called to see what the status was concerning Gantt, but Newt Lee said Frank did not ask about Gantt. Frank was calling the factory to see if Newt Lee discovered the body of Phagan, because Newt Lee was supposed to check every square inch of the factory during his rounds, but once the factory was locked up, Newt might have not gone all the way back into the basement or at all. Leo Frank in his August 18 1913 trial testimony would make subtle complaints against Newt Lee for not finding the body sooner, hence throwing more suspicion on his two never before made phone calls to the factory at 6:30 and 7:00 PM.
- April 27 1913
At 3:10AM Newt Lee went to recline on and make a deposit in the Negro Toilet located in right-back area of the basement, and upon finishing his business, when Lee stood up, he spotted a twisted body dumped on a sawdust and cinder pile near the furnace. When he approached the dead body, he noticed that her dress was pulled up and her underwear was torn and pulled down, soaked in blood and urine, and a cord was dug snug and deep into the tender flesh of her neck. Newt Lee got the hell out of dodge as quickly as he possibly could and called Leo Frank for nearly 10 minutes straight, but alas there was no answer, finally giving up on ringing Frank, Newt Lee called the police station at 3:28AM and one of the biggest scandals of the early 20th century was about to unfold.
- Half Passed Three in the Morning the Investigation Begins
The Police and Detectives were on the scene within minutes in their model T fords running, they were let in by Newt Lee who waited by the front door for them to arrive, and they went down the hatchway, descended the diagonal ladder with latterns and flash lights, beginning their investigation. They noticed drag marks from the front of the elevator and lead all the way to the cinder / saw dust pile in front of the furnace. They found had to pull down a stocking to confirm the girl was White, because she had been dragged in the dirty floor. They found the contrived murder notes. Later that same morning and day, observing, and questioning countless associated and affiliated people, they immediately contacted an apprehensive Leo M. Frank at the crack of dawn because he was a senior level manager of the factory who had been at the shuttered factory that day. Frank resisted going with the police when they arrived because he wanted some Coffee and breakfast before going out with them, and Frank was very nervous, pale, trembling, fumbling with himself and was hung over badly with a hoarse voice. He fired questions at the police so quickly they didn't have a chance to answer.
- Frank Incriminated Himself
When Frank gave a number of incriminating statements, was betrayed by his body language and made several foolish mistakes and blunders that totally gave himself away, the intuitive police and detectives became very suspicious, with the result of Frank becoming prime suspect number one. After questioning Leo Frank and numerous other people, everything seemed to conclusively point in the direction of Leo M. Frank. Two days later, Leo Frank was arrested and detained on the morning of Tuesday, April 29 1913 at 11AM and later, he was indicted and finally his conviction on April 25 1913, which was affirmed by the Trial Judge the next day on August 26, 1913. It was this highly publicized event at the end of the trial that became one of the pre climaxes of the Leo M. Frank case, followed by a lynching 2 years later and in all, would define how Leo M. Frank would forever be remembered.
- Leo M. Frank Remembered in U.S. and World History
Leo M. Frank is remembered as the unconvincing-liar, adulterous pedophile whore monger, lascivious sexual predator, creepy child molester, licentious freak, violent pedophile-rapist, dead child mutilator, vicious strangler and murder-framer, whose arrest, indictment and conviction for the strangulation murder of thirteen year old little Mary Anne Phagan on April 26th 1913 between 12:05 and 12:15, maybe 12:07, inspired and brought out into the open, again, the full extent of the Jewish peoples ongoing historical tendencies for ravenous and perfidious tribalism; Jewish inspired race war instigation; Jewish criminal behavior in witness tampering, bribing, and threatening; and loathsome self-deception used against Gentiles.
- Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (1913) and Jewish Supremacism was Born in the conviction of Leo M. Frank
The Leo M. Frank conviction became the impetus and directly inspired the founding of the treacherous and perfidious spy and espionage group that has been masquerading as a civil rights group for nearly 100 years, known as the infamous Anti-Defamation League ADL of B'nai B'rith in Oct 1913. In many ways the ADL of B'nai B'rith has similar metaphorical parallels with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, as the ADL of B'nai B'rith works relentlessly to destroy the metaphorical immune systems of White countries. (see Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith)
The indictment and conviction of Leo M. Frank became directly responsible for the formation of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, one of the most dangerous Jewish spy and espionage agencies in the world born from the deadly and subversive B'nai B'rith, a Jewish Supremacist collective masquerading as a Jewish fraternal organization.
- Jews Teach Gentiles They are Incompatible with White Countries
The ADL founding and Jewish community historical claims, state that Leo M. Frank's conviction was an Anti-Semitic railroading and framing, part of a wide and vast Anti-Jewish conspiracy from Gentiles who eternally hate Jews. This claim of the Jews goes against the reality that Gentiles always permit and allow Jews to come into their successful countries and prosper, until Gentiles learn and become aware of the genetically innate behavior of Jews.
After the death of Leo M. Frank, the Jewish Community elevated him to the status of high holy religious icon making him a Jewish martyr of Anti-Semitism, however for non-Jews, Frank has became an ugly reminder and symbol of the hate, contempt and emnity the Jewish Community historically and eternally holds for Gentiles who allow Jews in their countries.
- One Hundred Years of Jewish Supremacism, Hate and Lies
- 1913 to 2013
The ADL of B'nai B'rith along with a national campaign led by Jewish groups have claimed and pushed to the world for a century that Leo M. Frank was convicted because of a vast race hatred Anti-Jewish conspiracy, this statement by the Jewish community is still pushed today after 100 years of an unrelenting Jewish psychological warfare against Gentiles, through every means of the press and mass media.
This self-deception is despite years (1913 to 1915, 1986) of Leo M. Frank trial legal review by every level of the state and federal court systems, the Jewish Supremacists have twisted the Case into a kind of egocentric sadomasochistic aggrandizement. The final verdict of 100 years of Jewish Supremacism by the ADL of B'nai B'rith is that Jews are unable to live peacefully in Gentile societies. Moreover, in terms of 1000 years of Jewish Supremacism, that Jews are forever and eternally incapable of living with Gentiles without instigating war against them or causing them to war amongst each other.
- European-American Awakening to Jewish Supremacism
A permanently lucid moment occurred for the Host European-Americans as they became enlightened, self-aware and conscious of the Parasitic Jewish ethnoreligious collective which revealed its genetic secret of ultra-extreme unified tribalism, as if each Jew was a cell in a collective and borderless global Jewish body, acting as a single militant-army-people, a totally unified sleeper cell of International Jewish people united as a Virus against a European American Immune system. Leo Frank reminded White people that the Jews have an eternal undeclared ethnoreligious race war secretly declared against all non-Jews.
- Appeals - Majority and Unanimous Decisions Affirm Murder Conviction by the Trial Jury
After the murder trial ended on August 26th 1913, Leo M. Frank commenced two embarrassing and estopel years (1913 to 1915) of Jewish Supremacism, with numerous half-serious half-baked legal appeals made to the Georgia Superior Court, Georgia Supreme Court, United States District Court and United States Supreme Court, every court carefully and meticulously studied and reviewed the murder trial testimony and evidence, every single court affirmed the murder conviction, with only 4 dissenting judges out of more than a dozen affirming Judges. See: Primary Sources Section.
As of 2013, Leo Max Frank is now forever and irrevocably PERMANENTLY GUILTY, by the ultimate unanimous Majority Decisions of the entire United States Legal System, which chose not to disturb the Trial Juries Conviction, and this fact brought doubt to the Jewish Defense position that an Anti-Semitic Mob climate terrorized the trial court into a conviction. The proof was that every court unquestionably 100% free of so called Mob Terror was able to review the facts, evidence and testimony in the case through a calm intuitive and legal lens by seasoned Judges, they affirmed the conviction as black letter, binding and settled law. Leo M. Frank had fully exhausted every possible appeal at every level of the State, District and Federal court systems by the Spring of 1915 on April 19th. Even the Georgia State Prison Board rejected a request for clemency on June 9th. On April 19th 2015, 100 years of absolute conviction of Leo M. Frank will be celebrated.
- Emotional Appeals
With every possible court appeal fully exhausted, Leo M. Frank's last hope was using the flush bankroll of his legal defense fund which was made possible by advertising magnate A.D. Lasker and Adolph Oct the owner of the New York Times. With a swollen treasury of hundreds of thousands of dollars, a vast Jewish political bribery and manipulation machine had been unleashed across the United States and even some major cities throughout Europe. The Governor of Georgia was flooded with 100,000 template letters in support of Leo M. Frank from people who never read the official trial record in the case which included: facts, testimoney and evidence. See Brief of Evidence in Primary Sources.
- Last Hope
Frank had one last hope. A well greased Christian JewGoy (Gentile partisan of Jewish Supremacism), the criminal Governor of the State of Georgia, John Marshall Slaton who was in office from June 28, 1913 to June 26, 1915. Slaton would save the life of Leo Frank at the eleventh hour, as Frank was on Death Row registered to be lynched on June 22nd 1915 by Sheriff Mangum.
- Commutation and Clemency June 21st 1915.
Well before the dramatic soap opera of the eleventh hour on the infamous day of June 21st 1915, the treacherous and criminal Governor of Georgia, John M. Slaton, was made a senior law partner in the very firm representing and defending Leo M. Frank at his July 28th 1913 to August 26th murder trial.
- June 21st 1915, The 11th Hour.
On June 21 1915, one day before Leo M. Frank was to be hanged to death, John M. Slaton, when at the exit as an outgoing Governor of Georgia, in an absolutely gross conflict of interest, commuted the death sentence of Leo M. Frank to life in prison. The clemency was based on a half-baked hokey commutation order that insulted the intelligence of the elite of Georgia, Southerners, Legal Scholars, Judges, Lawyers and the people of the United States of America, when the commutation was compared against the dry leaves of the 1913 Brief of Evidence.
- July 17 1915 - Leo M. Frank Gets Shanked
An inmate slashed the throat of Leo M. Frank using a butchers knife. The wounds were slow to heal in the boiling and humid heat. Those wounds would split open again later.
- August 17 1915 - Knights of Mary Phagan, Founding Fathers of the Third and Current Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
Two months later after the commutation, Leo M. Frank, was abducted from Prison by a group of men from the State of Georgia's highest social, legal and political strata, they Knighted themselves as the Knights of Mary Phagan, they drove Frank 175 miles to Cobb County, and Lynched him near an intersection at Frey's Mill. A mature oak tree helped fulfill the most perfectly executed slow strangulation lynching of Leo M. Frank, that is just after the dawn dew kissed a glorious rising sun on August 17th 1915.
- Failed Exoneration - 1983
The Jewish Supremacists, ADL and other Jewish groups attempted a Coup De Grace against the United States Supreme Court, District Court, Supreme Court of Georgia and Superior Court of Georgia, when they sought full exoneration for Leo M. Frank of the April 26th 1913 Strangulation of Mary Phagan. They based their official submission to the Board of Pardons on an affidavit of a senile old man named Alonzo Lonnie Mann who had been Leo M. Frank's original office boy, who at 83 years old in 1983 had a mountain of medical bills and gave a contrived story about seeing Connolly carrying Mary Phagan to the basement.
The Badly Performed Jewish Hoax was denied.
- Pardon without Exoneration - 1986
However the insideous effrontery did not stop, In 1986, the metaphorical Jewish AIDS Virus known as the ADL of B'nai B'rith and other racially conscious and treacherous Jewish Groups were able to pressure the Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles, to Pardon (Forgive) Leo M. Frank, but the board stopped short of exonerating (overturning Frank's murder conviction) him of the strangulation of Mary Anne Phagan on April 26th 1913, sometime between the ten minutes of 12:05 and 12:15, maybe 12:07.
- Binding Legal Precedent, Black Letter Law and Settled Law is the Murder Conviction of Leo M. Frank
After the conviction, every level of the United States appellate courts and judicial review systems from 1913 to 1915, 1983, 1986, affirmed the murder conviction of Leo M. Frank as absolute and unchangeable. To date Leo M. Frank has NOT been exonerated of the murder of Mary Phagan and the Jewish Community still wages it's unrelenting pathological hatestorm campaign of lies, distortion, manipulation, spin, bias and half-truths over the Leo M. Frank trial, spinning the case through a wide spread media circus of absolute mendacious monopolistic manipulation (see the parallel of the contemporary Jewish position on the case as compared with the past). The years 2013 to 2015 will mark 100 years of a Jewish Hate Storm Against Gentile Culture.
The Early Years of Leo M. Frank
- Leo M. Frank's Parents
Meet the Franks. Rudolph Frank was a Jew born in Germany (possibly trained as a Physician) who immigrated into the United States and Rachel Jacobs Frank was born of German-Jewish parents in New York City. 
Not uncommon at the time, an arranged Jewish marriage was organized and formed between an older gentleman and a young lady. Rudolph Frank and Rachel Jacobs married in 1881, Rudolph "robbed the cradle" and was about 15 years Rachel's senior (ironically, Leo M. Frank was about years Mary Phagan's senior when he raped and murdered her in 1913). Some years after Franks parents married they eventually had two children.
- Early Family Life - 1880's to 1910's
Leo M. Frank was born in Cuero, Texas (the small town was also known as Paris Texas) on April 17th 1884, the small town was known for cattle and turkey farming, it is located about 100 miles from San Antonio. Rudolf Frank, served as the local postmaster and his mother Rachael (Ray) Jacobs Frank, served as a young home maker.
- 1884. Back in the Summer of 1884.
At the height of the summer of 1884 a major change was about to take place, a move which at the time would have required months of planning and weeks of travel. The family relocated to Brooklyn, New York and little Leo M. Frank was barely three months old at the time. Rudolph took a job in NYC as a traveling salesman. Some years later a sister, Marian Frank, was born in Brooklyn in October of 1886.
Education - Public Schools, College Prep at Pratt Institute, Cornell University: 1902 to 1906
Frank spent his most formative years growing up in NYC, he was educated at public schools and the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn. After graduating high school in Spring of 1902, Leo M. Frank attended Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. From the Fall of 1902 till his college graduation ceremony in June of 1906, Frank studied Mechanical Engineering and dabbled in numerous hobbies. During Frank's college years at his Alma mater, he engaged in chess, bridge, tennis, and played basketball for his class team. During his free time Frank engaged in fraternal activities and practiced amateur photography. The 1906 Cornell yearbook has Frank listed as a member of the Cornell Society of Mechanical Engineering (CSME). Frank was also a member of the Cornell Congress and the H. Morse Stephens debate. 
Employment 1906 to 1913
Frank took a job in the summer of 1906 as a draftsman for the B.F. Sturtevant (Sturdivant) Company in Hyde Park, Massachusetts, 6 months later he returned to New York.
In 1907 Frank began work for the National Meter Company of Brooklyn NY as a testing engineer and draftsman for about 10 months. Though Leo M. Frank was Ivy League educated at Cornell University, the best University New York had to offer, he was unable to hold down a steady job for more than ten months. Though that was about to change.
- 1907, 1908 to 1913, Big Opportunities in the South, briefly in 1907, and five years during 1908 to 1913.
Leo Frank's millionaire uncle, Moses Frank, had suggested to Leo M. Frank that he should become involved in a potentially lucrative opportunity in the management of a pencil factory sweatshop in Atlanta, Georgia, that Moses had just invested in.
- 1907 October - Life Changing Event
In the middle of October 1907 his uncle, Moses Frank and associates, invited Frank to Atlanta and suggested that he come to work for the National Pencil Company in Atlanta. Frank agreed and after spending 2 weeks in Atlanta, returned to NYC momentarily and then traveled to Europe. In December 1907 Frank began a 9 month apprenticeship in Germany, to study pencil manufacturing at Eberhard Faber.
Today Eberhard Faber is a name found commonly on pencils, pens and erasers in contemporary times. Faber built the first U.S. pencil factory in 1861. Faber was the last in a family of lead pencil manufacturers dating back to Kasper Faber, who died in 1784. 
In August of 1908 Leo M. Frank returned briefly to NYC, left his home in Brooklyn, New York and moved permanently to Atlanta, Georgia. Frank was offered a high profile position in the Frank family business and he accepted it, becoming superintendent, accountant, treasurer and part owner of the National Pencil Company located in the heart of Atlanta, Georgia on August 10th 1908.
- In Time, Rising to Superintendent, Accountant, Treasurer and Employee Payer.
When Frank became superintendent of the 37 to 41 S. Forsyth street National Pencil Company factory, his responsibilities were for purchasing supplies and machinery, accounting, operations, paying off employees and insuring the final production quality exceeded that of competitors. Frank was also made a part time general supervisor of the Lead plant on Bell Street. 
Leo M. Frank was upwardly mobile at the pencil factory for nearly five years reaching heights of prominence and responsibility (August 10th 1908 to Tuesday, April 28th 1913), before his arrest and during this half-decade (1908 to 1913) he had developed a reputation amongst the general public as a good, hard working man, but the perception of his character amongst a dozen or more of the pre-teen and teenage girls who had labored at the factory that were tested by him, was that Leo Frank was a creepy touchy-feely boss who was always making subtle sexual propositions to the little girls working at the factory, implied suggestions were made with money as the reward.
Frank was often making inappropriate sexual innuendos with the cash box. Sexual harassment was no stranger to the girls who worked under unscrupulous bosses, often the biggest complaint in the factory and industrial sweatshops of the time. Frank's character would be described among some of the girls and other factory workers, who would testify against him, saying that Frank was a lascivious pedophile and a whore monger. Though the words pedophile and whore monger did not exist at the time, it was lucidly and vividly implied, more than a dozen employees affirmed it.
1910 Jewish Marriage. Mr. Leo Max Frank Marries Miss Lucile Selig
Frank was introduced to Lucille Selig after he arrived and took permanent residence in Atlanta, though they had corresponded before they met in person. Lucille Selig came from a prominent and wealthy Jewish family of industrialists who two generations earlier had founded the first synagogue in Atlanta. Lucille's father was a salesman for the West Disinfecting Co., a maker of soaps and supplies. Before that, he was a liquor salesman. Mrs. Josephine Cohen Selig, was a home maker.
Lucille Selig was very much different from Frank. Lucille was very much Southern and provincial compared to Leo Frank, who was cosmopolitan, well traveled and Ivy League educated. Leo and Lucille were married by Rabbi Marx on November 28, 1910. Dr. Marx was the Rabbi of the Hebrew Benevolent Congregation. 
The wedding was held at 68 East Georgia Avenue the home of the bride's parents, Mr. Emil and Mrs. Josephine Selig. Rabbi David Marx of Hebrew Benevolent Congregation performed the ceremony before a small gathering of family and close friends. The Athens Banner described the evening as "a pretty event," noting that "the house was artistic with quantities of smilax and vases of pink carnations in all the rooms."
The paper reported that "Miss Michael sang several beautiful selections before the ceremony and was accompanied by Miss Regina Silverman, who also played the wedding march." The two young women also wore pink, with Helen Michael in "a white lingerie gown over pink silk" and Regina Silverman in "a pink chiffon cloth gown over silk, trimmed with lace and black marabou.
Other out-of-town attendants at the wedding included the groom's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Frank of Brooklyn, New York, and the best man, Mr. Milton Rice of Rochester, New York. The paper stated the couple would "spend several weeks at the Piedmont before going north for a wedding trip." They would live with the Seligs upon their return. 
- 1910 to 1913 - Boring Married Life
Leo Frank and his wife Lucille Selig Frank, moved in to live with their in-laws home, Mr. Emil Selig and Mrs. Josephine Cohen Selig, at 86 E. Georgia Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia. Though Leo Frank claims his marriage was happy, he was often engaging in light whoring on Saturday afternoons at the factory and would sometimes throw after work orgies and sex parties with beer and soda for carefully selected child laborers. Frank, also described Lucille as his Big Fat Wife to one of his employees, indicating that the thin and fit Leo had lost his attraction to Lucille. Which might explain why Frank was using the factory for extra-marital trysts on some evenings and Saturdays. The factory also became available for other discrete whore mongers as long they were on the down low, Frank would look the other way.
- Rudolph Frank the Father of Leo M. Frank
Rudolph Frank born in 1857 turned 67 in 1913.  According to Leo Frank, using the eugenics terminology of the period, his father, papa Rudolph Frank, became an "invalid", which was the reason why Leo Frank claimed his father, Rudolph Frank did not attend the 1913 murder trial in Atlanta, Georgia.  Nor did Sarah and Moses Frank attend the Trial, as Moses was in progress on his way to Europe before the murder. Given the extensive collection of letter writing by Leo M. Frank preserved, there is virtually no correspondence between Leo M. Frank and his Wealthy Uncle, Moses Frank. Save for the contrived letter Leo M. Frank submitted at the trial. The outer envelope was not made available and the letter's authenticity became a subject of question in terms of its truth and veracity or fabrication.
April 26th 1913
Confederate Memorial Day, April 26th 1913, a celebrated and revered Southern holiday, between 12:05 to 12:15, Leo M. Frank lured one of his child laborer factory employees from his second floor office, down the hallway and into the metal room, there he bludgeoned, raped and strangled her to death with a cord.
Frank asked his Negro custodian Jim (James) Connolly, who was acting as a guard dog on the first floor, to carry the body of Mary Phagan to the basement and dump it in the rear. After this was completed Frank requested to Jim Connolly that he write some notes, which would later be known as the murder notes. Frank had dictated the contents of these notes and they were written as if Mary Phagan was writing a letter to her mother while she was in the middle of being beaten and raped, but in much milder terms.
Frank offered Connolly $200 if he would stuff the body of Mary Phagan into a giant oven furnace in the basement which was normally used for burning garbage.
Connolly appeared to hesitate and left the building, Frank had insinuated that Connolly would need to come back if he wanted that $200.
Connolly never came back.
Newt Lee arrived and Leo M. Frank in a wild frazzled and frantic state practically pushed and forced Lee out of the building, requiring Lee to come back to the factory in about 1.5 to 2.5 hours. When Newt Lee returned, Frank fumbled with the changing of the time sheet and left the building briskly. On the way out, Leo Frank ran into a former employee named Gantt and fell back terrified trying to creep and crawl backward into the building, but it was too late.
The former employee Gantt, had request to go into the factory to get his shoes, Leo Frank countered with a lie saying he saw a negro sweep them out of the building. However, Gantt outmaneuvered Frank who was in no position to get into a heated debate as Frank wanted to get out and as far from the building as possible, as he knew Phagan's lifeless body was slumped on a saw dust pile in the basement.
When Frank got home, he did something he had never done with Newt Lee before, he called Lee two times, not reaching him the first time at 6:30PM, Frank dialed again at 7PM and questioned Lee if everything was alright at the factory and Frank hung up after Lee said as far as he knew.
That evening Frank chain smoked cigarettes and guzzled booze like it was going out of style, attempting to medicate himself and his actions would ensure he would be badly hung over the next day and unable to hide his guilt revealing body language.
April 27th 1913
At approximately 3:15 AM in the morning, the Negro Nightwatch named Newt Lee, during his lantern beholden factory rounds, went to use the negro latrine in the basement, when he finished his business, he spotted and discovered the mangled twisted body of a little girl in the gloom of the basement. He loped to the ladder at the beginning of front area of the basement and shimmied back up, briskly going to the office to call Leo M. Frank. After nearly 10 minutes of trying to reach Leo M. Frank, Newt gave up and decided to call the police. Waiting in the front door area of the factory, police arrived in less than 10 minutes and escorted by Lee went down into the basement using a narrow hatchway and climbing down a ladder. With flash lights beholden, they noticed drag tracks from the elevator shaft to where the body had been dumped 150 feet in the rear of the basement on the left hand side in front of a furnace.
The undertaker had also arrived afterwards and they took the body out of the basement, up the ladder and to the mortuary to be placed on a cooling table.
The dead child, was later identified by Grace Hicks the morning of April 27th 1913 as thirteen year old Mary Anne Phagan. Grace Hicks worked in the metal department on the second floor with Mary Phagan for about a year and was very familiar with her looks. Grace Hicks testified some very interesting details about the metal room, including the positioning of the dressing room and the layout of the bathrooms there.
Police and Detective Investigation - April 27th 1913 Sunday
After police and detectives questioned Leo M. Frank, countless dozens of factory employees and arrested some affiliated people, all the evidence began pointing in one direction.
Tuesday April 29 1913
Fifty Six hours after the body of Mary Phagan was discovered, the police and detectives had developed a very strong legitimate suspicion against Frank, their intuition was based the evidence and testimony they had gathered. Leo M. Frank was arrested on Tuesday, April 29th 1913 at 11AM, it was the last day of his freedom.
Coroners Inquest Jury, Wednesday, April 30 1913
The official murder investigation wasted no time.
The coroner's inquest began shortly after nine o'clock on Wednesday, the 30th day of April. The empaneled Jury hearing the testimony consisted of 7 men in total, 6 inquest Jurymen and the Coroner:
1. H. Ashford, 2. Glenn Dewberry, 3. J. Hood, 4. C. Langford, 5. John Miller 6. C. Sheats 7. Judge of the Inquest Jury, Coroner, Paul Donehoo.
- The Perjury of Lemmie A Quinn
Concerning Leo M. Frank's alibi, Frank said he had forgotten for the first week of the murder investigation to bring forward Lemmie A Quinn, foreman of the metal room, a key witness. However at the Coroners Inquest, Lemmie Quinn, came forward to provide contrived testify that sounded totally suspicious and did not pass the common sense test. Quinn said, he had come back to the pencil factory and specifically Leo M. Frank's office at 12:20 to talk about baseball with Mr. Schiff, but Mr. Schiff was not supposed to be at the factory at all that day which was virtually empty, because it was a State holiday, Confederate Memorial Day and everyone was given the day off. The testimony of Quinn was meant to shrink the plausible time Leo M. Frank could have strangled Mary Phagan by 10 minutes. Quinns testimony also added eye witness testimony strength to Frank's alibi which left him about a half an hour unaccounted for (noon to 12:30). Lemmie Quinns perjury, shrunk Leo M. Frank's unaccounted for time from 30 minutes to 20 minutes when the murder took place, but it still left wide open and unaccounted for, the time frame Mary Phagan had come to Leo M. Frank's office, which was between 12:05 and 12:10, maybe 12:07.
- Conclusion of the Coroners' Inquest and Jury
Coroner Paul Donehoo and his Inquest Jury of six men empaneled, questioned over 100 employees and dozens of other various associated people. The week long inquest and testimony provided under oath, left very strong suspicion on Leo M. Frank when Thursday, May 8th 1913, the Mary Phagan Inquest drew to a close.
- Coroner's and Inquest Juries Verdict 7 to 0
The Coroner and his Inquest Jury of six men voted unanimously 7 to 0 recommending Leo M. Frank be turned over to, and investigated by a Grand Jury of 23 men which included 5 Jews. Newt Lee was ordered to be held as a material witness. Deputy Plennie Minor delivered the unanimous verdict of the Coroner's Inquest Jury to Leo M. Frank being held in the infamous Tower. Frank was sitting browsing a local newspaper at the time. Deputy Plennie Minor approached Leo M. Frank and told him about the unanimous verdict of the Jury, which had ordered that Frank and Lee be held for a thorough investigation by the Grand Jury! Newt Lee slumped his head dejectedly when the bad news was delivered. Leo M. Frank insolently replied that it was no more than he had expected. 
Two hundred factory workers and affiliated witnesses were subpoenaed.
On May 24th 1913, the day the Grand Jury of twenty three men were to vote after an exhaustive review of testimony and evidence concerning Leo M. Frank. Two Grand Jurors where not present on the day of the vote, George Gershon, a Jew went to New York City and M. Beutell, a Gentile, had an important event he was unable to miss, as these two men were out of town, it reduced the Grand Jury from 23 to 21 men. The importance of this reduction was that only a majority of 11 instead of the former 12 votes were necessary to indict.
Even though the Grand Jury was filled with businessmen and several Jews, they were not sympathetic and the evidence was overwhelmingly strong. With twenty-one men remaining, some observers may have wondered if vote was sitting on the fence, and would the majority of 11 would come forward and vote for an indictment. In a result that set a powerful tone for the future of the trial, the Grand Jury voted unanimously 21 to 0 in favor of indicting Leo M. Frank for the murder of little Mary Phagan. With four Jews voting unanimously with seventeen other Gentile men to Indict Leo M. Frank, it put serious doubts about the Jewish Communities historical and contemporary race hate claims that the Leo M. Frank Case was a vast anti-Jewish and anti-Semitic conspiracy.
- The indictment read..
In the name and behalf of the citizens of Georgia, charge and accuse Leo M. Frank, of the [Fulton] County and State [of Georgia] aforesaid, with the offense of Murder, for that the said Leo M. Frank in the County aforesaid on the 26th day of April in the year of our Lord Nineteen Hundred and thirteen, with force and arms did unlawfully and with malice aforethought kill and murder one Mary Phagan by then and there choking her, the said Mary Phagan, with a cord place around her neck contrary to the laws of said State, the good order, peace and dignity thereof.
The Twenty one men present on the Grand Jury, which now included 4 Jews unanimously 21 to 0 voted to indict Leo M. Frank for the murder of Mary Phagan by strangulation because the evidence was clear, convincing and overwhelming. Twenty one Jurymen unanimously signed the indictment requiring Leo M. Frank to be held and reviewed by trial with a cohort of 13 men, a Judge and a petite Jury of 12 men.
Trial of Leo M. Frank
For the details of the State of Georgia vs. Leo M. Frank, July 28 1913 to August 26 1913 visit: Trial of Leo Frank on Metapedia.
Appeals Process 1913 to 1915
Leo Frank's conviction inspired the formation of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, a Jewish espionage and spy agency masquerading as a civil rights organization, one which has been working to undermine and destroy White countries through political and legal manipulation.
- Two Years of Half-Baked Court Appeals
Leo Frank then began a very expensive two year circus of embarrassing, poorly concocted and frivolous appeals. Franks lawyers and defense teams used every method of criminal activity on behalf of Leo Frank to create evidence to support him. They bribed and threatened witnesses, put forward and spun together half-baked frivolous court appeals through every possible legal channel, all the way up and down the Georgia State Superior Court, Georgia State Supreme Court, the District Court of the United States and the United States Supreme Court, multiple times ad nauseum.
- Request for a New Trial.
More specifically, immediately following the Leo M. Frank murder trial, Frank’s defense team requested a new trial. The presiding judge Leonard S. Roan denied the appeal. Another motion for a new trial was denied by the Georgia Supreme Court in February 1914 after much review.
- No Doubting Judge Sentences One to Die on their Birthday
Judge Leonard S. Roan, finally sentenced Leo M. Frank to be hanged on his birthday April 17th 1913, putting infinite doubt in the suggestion of the Jewish and Frank defense's statements and forged documents, that Judge Leonard Roan had doubted the verdict. No genuine seriously doubting Judge would ever do something so cruel as to sentence someone to be hanged on their birthday.
- Motion to set the Verdict aside as a Nullity
Beginning in June 1914, Frank’s defense appealed to the Fulton County Superior Court to set aside the guilty verdict. Fulton County Superior Court denied the appeal, as did the Georgia Supreme Court (December 1914) and the United States Supreme Court (April 1915). Ultimately Leo M. Frank had fully exhausted completely every possible court appeals process.
- Georgia Prison Commission
As five courts upheld the original decision of the jury in Leo Frank’s case, Frank then applied for clemency with the Georgia Prison Commission to commute his sentence from death to life in prison. This application was denied.
- Criminal Governor
Lastly, with absolutely no more court appeal options left for Leo Frank and the Prison Commission denying his request for clemency, there was only one last option, a commutation by the corrupt Governor of Georgia, John M. Slaton. Frank applied to Governor John M. Slaton for Executive Clemency.
Detailed Chronology of Appeals and Events
The subsequent history of the Leo M. Frank Case, the Appeals to th Courts, the Commutation by the Governor and the Lynching of the Prisoner.
31 October 1913 - Judge Roan denied the motion for a new trial, sentences Leo Frank to hang on his 30th birthday, April 17, 1914.
17 February 1914 - the Supreme Court of Georgia affirmed the verdict of the lower court by a vote of 4 to 2.
25 February - the Supreme Court of Georgia, unanimously overruled a motion for rehearing.
7 March 1914 - Frank was sentenced by Judge Leonard S. Roan, for the second time to death by hanging on April 17th, Leo M. Frank's birthday.
16 April 1914 - at the eleventh hour, an extraordinary motion for a new trial was filed and death sentence on Leo M. Frank's 30th birthday again stayed.
22 April 1914 - Judge B. H Hill, former chief justice of the Court of Appeals, who had succeeded to the Judgeship of Fulton Superior Court, denied the extraordinary motion for a new trial.
25 April 1914 - The day before the anniversary of Mary Phagan's death, Frank's sanity was examined and he was declared sane.
14 November 1914 - the Georgia Supreme Court again denied a new trial.
18 November 1914, the Georgia Supreme Court refused a writ of error.
23 November 1914 - Mr. Justice Lamar, of the Supreme Court of the United States refused a writ of error.
25 November 1914 - Mr. Justice Holmes of the United States Supreme Court, also refused a writ.
7 December 1914, the full bench of the United States Supreme Court refused a writ of error.
9 December 1914, Frank was re-sentenced to death to hang on January 22, 1915.
21 December 1914 - United States District Judge W. T. Newman of Georgia, refused a writ of habeas Corpus.
28 December 1914 - Mr. Justice Lamar granted an appeal and certificate of reasonable doubt to the United States Supreme Court.
15 April 1915 - the Supreme Court of the United States, with Mr. Justices Holmes and Hughes dissenting, dismissed the appeal.
31 May 1915 - Frank's plea for commutation of sentence to life imprisonment was heard before the State Prison Commission.
9 June 1915 - the State Prison Commission submitted a divided report to Governor Slaton, Commissioners Davison and Rainey voting against and Commissioner Paterson for commutation.
21 June 1915 - Governor Slaton Commuted Leo M. Frank's death sentence to life in prison.
17 July 1915 - Frank was attacked by a fellow convict who cut his throat with a butcher knife. He lingered between life and death for several weeks, but finally recovered.
17 August 1915 - Frank was lynched from a mature oak tree.
John Marshall Slaton, Commutation / Clemency, June 21st 1915
- John M. Slaton, Governor of the State of Georgia Betrays the People
A commutation hearing was held in Atlanta on June 12-16, 1915. Representing Leo Frank were William M. Howard of Augusta, Manning J. Yeomans of Dawson, Harry A. Alexander and Leonard Haas of Atlanta speaking for the defense.
On June 21, 1915, just six days before Nathaniel Edwin Harris, the newly elected governor, was to take office, and one day before Frank was scheduled to hang (June 22 1915), Slaton commuted Frank's death sentence to life in prison. There was public outrage, primarily because John M. Slaton, was a law partner and business associate in the law firm hired by Leo Frank, making Leo Frank Slaton's client and because Slaton in a gross conflict of interest had betrayed the constitution and his oath of office. The Southern population reached ascended to boiling crescendo of rage and were indignantly furious to a fevered pitch at the insolence of the clemency decision made on behalf of Leo M. Frank, especially after every level of the United States Legal System had reviewed meticulously and upheld the evidence supporting the conviction. More than a dozen judges had affirmed the conviction and Leo Frank had made a near confession on August 18 1913, when he told the Jury he made an unconscious bathroom visit inside the metal room during the time Phagan was murdered there.
John M. Slaton, feigned moral and emotional consternation, saying: "I can endure misconstruction, abuse and condemnation," Slaton said, "but I cannot stand the constant companionship of an accusing conscience which would remind me that I, as governor of Georgia, failed to do what I thought to be right.... [F]eeling as I do about this case, I would be a murderer if I allowed this man to hang. It may mean that I must live in obscurity the rest of my days, but I would rather be plowing in a field for the rest of my life than to feel that I had that blood on my hands."
Slaton's commutation disregarded volumes of trial evidence and testimony against Frank, but Slaton also chose to not disturb the Jury's verdict and in a sly and underhanded sort of way affirmed the murder conviction. Slaton, also suggested, that the Jewish Communities charge of race hatred as being the reason Frank was convicted was unfair, as it was certainly not true, because numerous other legal tribunals reviewed the evidence and testimony, and felt it was strong enough to convict Leo M. Frank. None of the appeals courts could be falsely accused of being mob terrorized or antisemitic, as the Jewish community put such false accusations and slander against the murder trial Jury.
In order to protect Leo Frank, he was transferred from Fulton Tower in Atlanta to the prison farm outside Milledgeville.
Leo Frank Gets Shanked July 17 1915
17 July 1915 - Frank was attacked by a fellow convict named William Creen, who cut Leo M. Frank's throat with a 7-inch butcher knife. Leo Frank lingered between life and death for several weeks, but slowly recovered.
Lynching of Leo Frank - August 17 1915
- See: The Lynching of Leo Frank on Metapedia
August 18, 1913, Lucille Selig Frank Leaves Atlanta to Bury Leo M. Frank in New York City
Mrs. Lucille Selig Frank boarded a train for New York City on August 18 1913, Leo Frank's body was returned to New York on August 20, 1913, where he was buried at New Mount Carmel Cemetery. Lucile returned to Atlanta where she opened a dress shop and became sporadically active in the work of The Temple. Lucille Frank never remarried, until her death at age 69. She died on April 23, 1957. Even then, in 1957, it wasn't for a number of years, that nephews buried her ashes between her parents' grave stones in Oakland Cemetery, without a marker.
Lucille died nearly 43 years after Leo M. Frank was lynched, what was equivalent to a life time, and she was very clear about her own final verdict in the Leo Frank trial, that became a 2 year epic saga case. Lucille's notarized last will and testament, was very clear, and stated that she wanted to be cremated, and thus NOT buried in the reserved grave spot #1 for her (Reserved for Lucille Selig Frank, Mount Carmel, 1-E-41-1035-01, Status Empty), which was right next to her deceased husband, Leo M. Frank buried in grave spot #2 (Leo Max Frank, Mount Carmel, cemetery plot 1-E-41-1035-02 Occupied as of 8/17/1915).
It was a sad and honest final verdict, coming from the woman, who stood by her husband, loyally through the whole ordeal. It was the ultimate vindication for Minola McKnight's State's Exhibit J, June 3, 1913
- William J Burns Detective Agency of New York
The persistent theme of the Leo M. Frank Case was International Jew vs. White Gentile Christian South. Detective William Burns, the keystone cop style sleuth employed by the Leo M. Frank team, who was later dismissed for being too obvious in his bribing, threatening and criminal activity, received a telegram from Marietta Georgia after the lynching of Leo M. Frank. The Telegram sarcastically told him to come down quickly and investigate the lynching, signed H.H. Looney Chief of Police.  William Burns had been driven out of Georgia with threats of lynching when it was discovered he was hired by big Jewish money to try to bribe any witnesses he could and turn the Mary Phagan murder investigation into a carnival side show with grandiose announcements in the local newspapers.
Alonzo "Lonnie" Mann - 1982 / 1983
- March 7, 1982,
An ugly chapter in the hoaxery of Jewish Supremacism was unfurled for the public. The Nashville Tennessean published a special breaking news report about a story in which Alonzo Mann, Leo Franks former office boy in 1913, said he saw janitor Jim Conley carrying Mary Phagans body to the basement of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta, where Mr. Frank was the superintendent. Mr. Mann asserted that Conley killed Mary and Frank was innocent.
1982, About 70 years after the murder of Mary Phagan and Lynching of Leo M. Frank, Alonzo Mann the former office boy of Leo M. Frank came forward in an other doctored up Jewish media expose pushing the Jewish Defense position at the behest of the Jewish Community. Now nearly 83 years old, the senile and ailing Alonzo Mann with a mountain of medical bills came forward to say he had seen Conley carrying Mary Phagans body on the first floor.
Alonzo Mann produced an affidavit seven decades after the Leo M. Frank drama, thus giving the Frankites more odious support for their position, but however, because of the Jewish Defense's history of obtaining suspicious and questionable affidavit through criminal means and bribing to defend Leo M. Frank the affidavit was not taken seriously by anyone familiar with the case. Especially since, Alonzo Mann testified he left at around noon and in his old age had a mountain of unpaid medical bills.
Moreover, Alonzo Mann brought absolutely nothing new to the Leo M. Frank Case or Trial and his new testimony sounds fake, because Jim (James) Conley had admitted to being an accomplice and that he participated in bringing the dead body of Mary Phagan to the basement at Leo M. Frank's request.
In a statement that makes absolutely no sense and does not pass the scrutiny of common sense, Alonzo Mann said, that the Negro Jim Conley threatened his life if he told anyone about seeing him and when Alonzo Mann told his family and parents, they allegedly told him to keep quiet about it.
Despite his taking a lie detector test and signing an affidavit, Alonzo Mann's story lacks truth and veracity, because at the times Negroes were second class citizens, and no White Family or Parents would tell their White Children to be quiet about a negro allegedly murdering a White Girl. Even today in modern times, no White Family would ever tell a White boy to be quiet about a Negro murdering a White Girl.
The whole thing smacks of another Jewish orchestrated Hoax to add to the countless other hoaxes the Jews have perpetuated in the Leo M. Frank Case and everything else in their history.
However, the ADL of B'nai B'rith, American Jewish Committee, Atlanta Jewish Federation and numerous other Jewish organizations used the affidavit after Alonzo Mann died to push for a Posthumous Pardon and Exonerate Leo M. Frank for the murder of little Mary Ann Phagan.
Attorneys for three Jewish organizations petitioned the State (Georgia) Board of Pardons and Paroles to pardon Leo Frank, but the petition was denied on December 22, 1983.
Posthumous Pardon without Exoneration - March 11 1986
- Pyrrhic Victory for Jewish Supremacism
After pressure from the ADL of B'nai B'rith, and other Jewish Organizations, they get the Georgia Board of Paroles to pardon Leo M. Frank, but they would not exonerate him of the Crime.
- Jewish Power and Political Correctness Prevailed
On March 11, 1986, the Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles granted Frank a pardon, citing the state's failure to protect him or prosecute his killers, though they stopped short of exonerating Leo M. Frank of the murder of Mary Phagan. Leo Frank's murder conviction is still today black letter law and binding legal precedent. The Judge and Jury have the last word, as do the vigilante lynchers who were never prosecuted.
- Pyrrhic Victory
- Jewish Spun Pardon
The Jewish Community saw this at face value as a vindication, but it was really a Pyrrhic victory. First, because in order to pardon someone of a crime, the guilt of the individual has to be affirmed and indisputable binding settled law. So the Prison Board basically acknowledged the veracity and truth that Leo M. Frank was guilty and they refused to exonerate him of his guilt, though they forgave him of the Murder of Mary Phagan, because the state failed to protect Leo M. Frank and because his lynching prevented him from further appeals.
- Further Appeals?
The prison board who would have a clear understanding of the law made a bald faced lie. They were patently in error, because Leo M. Frank had fully exhausted all of his court appeals through every level of the State, District and Federal Appellate Courts and the Supreme Court unanimously overruled any further court appeals. The board basically affirmed Leo M. Frank's guilt and quelled the powerful and wealthy Jewish Community, that has for 100 years has been vociferously screeching Leo M. Frank was a "noble and innocent Jew, Framed, rail roaded and scapegoated in a vast Anti-Jewish conspiracy". For 100 years the Jewish community has transformed the pedophile-rapist and murderer Leo M. Frank into a martyr of Anti-Semitism, despite the black letter, settled and binding law and decision on the case.
- European-American must organize to have the Pardon reversed.
False Accusations of Anti-Semitism by Jewish Community
The Leo Frank case has become yet another vociferous rallying cry for Jewish persecution syndrome and a text book example of Jewish political correctness. Steve Oney, derailed one of the central Anti-Semitism claims of the Jewish Supremacists like the ADL and Bnai Brith, he corrected an important historical myth when he stated, authoritatively, that there is no evidence that crowds shouted “Hang the Jew or I’ll hang you,” through the open windows of the steamy Atlanta courtroom where Frank stood trial in the August heat of 1913. 
According to Frey, Even after the Frank case had played to its tragic climax, Victor Kriegshaber, a German-Jew, was elected president of the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce, in 1916.
- Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. By Stephen Harlan Norwood, Eunice G. Pollack
- William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum. Marriage Certificate of Rudolph and Rachel Jacobs Frank married in 1881
- Brief of Evidence 1913. Leo M. Frank's murder trial testimony to the Jury, August 18th 1913.
- Cornell University Diploma of Leo Frank, 1906. William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum
- Silent and Damned, 2002, p. 20
- The Silent and Damned, 2002, p. 20
- Brief of Evidence, Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913. Part of Frank's statement to the trial Jury, on page 174, continues an introduction of himself.
- The Selig Company Building - Pioneer Neon Company. Marietta Street ARTery Association
- Leo M. Frank and Miss Lucille Selig, Marriage Certificate
- This Day in Athens. A blog from the Athens-Clarke County Library Heritage Room. http://accheritage.blogspot.com/2010/12/1-december-1910-m-g-michael-family-of.html
- Silent and Damned, 2002, p. 19
- Brief of Evidence 1913. Leo M. Frank's murder trial testimony to the Jury about his father, August 18th 1913.
- The Silent and the Damned, p. 18
- Robert Seitz Frey and Nancy C. Thompson (2002), The Silent and the Damned, p. 18
- "A Political Suicide", Time magazine, January 24, 1955.
- New York Times, August 19th 1915
- Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1, By Stephen Harlan Norwood, Eunice G. Pollack
- Steve Oney
- Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913. Brief of Evidence. Only one original copy exists and it is located at the Georgia State Archive and numerous microfilm copies of this elusive document were made. These rare documents went online in 2010 for the public after 97 years of elusiveness. Ratified by both the Prosecution and Defense teams it captures the July 28th 1913 to August 25th 1913 witness testimony and evidence presented by both the prosecution and defense in the Leo M. Frank trial for the murder of little Mary Phagan on April 26th 1913.
- Arnold, Reuben. The Trial of Leo M. Frank, Reuben Rose Arnold's Full Address to the Court in his Behalf 1913 Introduction by Alvin V. Sellers. Classic Publishing Co., Baxley GA and The Trow Press, New York. Published in 1915, 69 Pages. Held at Internet Archive in adobe PDF 33.6M.
- Hooper, Arthur (1913). The Closing Arguments of Mr. Frank Arthur Hooper for the prosecution
- Zelig, Rosser (1913). The Closing Arguments of Mr. Luther Zelig Rosser for the prosecution.
- Dorsey, Hugh. Arguments of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Leo Frank Murder Trial of 1913 Some, but not all of Solicitor General Hugh Manson Dorsey nine hours of closing arguments made on Aug. 22nd, 23rd and 25th, 1913, Atlanta Judicial Circuit. The Scanned book is located at the Internet Archive and available in Adobe PDF format 146 pages.
Court Appeals 1913 to 1915
- First Appeal, Oct 1913, Leo M. Frank Case
- Bill of Exceptions, November 15, 1913, Leo M. Case.
- Supreme Court of Georgia. Frank v. State. Reports of Cases Decided in the Supreme Court of the State of Georgia at the October Term, 1913, and March Term 1914 PDF format 25.5 megs and 552 Pages. The abridged Trial Testimony of Jim Conley with Questions and Answers starts at around page 50/552 and ends at around 110/552. Write your review of these legal documents: Leo M. Frank vs. Mangum
- JR Online Books - Leo M. Frank Trial, Legal and Appeal Documents. Superb archive of primary source research legal documents.
Clemency / Commutation, Spring and Summer of 1915
- Governor John M. Slaton's Clemency Decision in the Leo M. Frank Case June 21st 1915. In a terrible act of treachery, the Georgian Governor John M. Slaton, a senior law partner in the legal firm representing Leo M. Frank, decides to commute Leo M. Frank's death sentence to life in prison. Slaton, compares Leo M. Frank a pedophile-rapist and convicted strangler to the ManGod Jesus Christ.
- Leo Frank Clemency File, images of original documents related to the clemency petition, including abridged archive of Governor John M. Slaton's notes.
Jewish Defense Position 1914
- "The Frank Case." Collier's: The National Weekly. 19 & 26 December 1914. Grossly biased in Frank's behavior. See the photos in this article.
Tom Watson Supporting the Prosecution 1915
- Watson, Tom. Watson's Magazine, Jeffersonian Publishing Company, September 1915, Volume 21, Number 5, The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, A Jew Pervert. Firebrand Tom Watson, solves the murder of Mary Phagan, by utilizing the official Georgia State record of trial testimony given by Leo Frank. The official record Tom Watson is referring to in the title of his text is the elusive legal 'brief of evidence', known in legal terminology as, 'Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913. Brief of Evidence', it contains the testimony and evidence at Frank's murder trial which was ratified by both the 'Leo Frank Defense' and 'Leo Frank Prosecution' teams. An irrevocable blunder is made by Leo M. Frank during his own murder trial testimony to the Fulton County Superior Court Jury on August 18th 1913. Frank states what amounts to a confession that he murdered Mary Phagan in second floor metal room with an "unconscious" bathroom visit. Frank told his murder trial Jury he went to the toilet or to urinate, to account for not seeing Monteen Stover, a young white girl, who was waiting in Frank's empty second floor office from 12:05 to 12:10 on April 26th 1913. Frank entrapped himself beyond escape, because in order to get to the bathroom, one has to walk through the door of metal room to then get inside the metal room, before one can reach the toilets. The prosecution spent 29 days trying to prove to the Jury that Leo Frank murdered Mary Phagan in the Metal Room between 12:05 to 12:15 on April 26th 1913. Leo M. Frank essentially confessed to murdering Mary Phagan between 12:05 to 12:15 on April 26th 1913.
- Watson's Magazine Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from archive.org.
- The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for 'A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from archive.org.
- Watson's Magazine August 1915 volume 21 no. 4 featuring Leo Frank Mary Phagan Murder Trial A review of the Leo Frank trial by Tom Watson. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from archive.org.
- The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert, September 1915 By Tom Watson, of historical importance. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from archive.org.
- Rich Jews Indict the State of Georgia (October, 1915) By Tom Watson, historically important. Tom Watson exposes the big money Jewish Community.
Jeffersonian Magazine (Published from 1907 to 1917, Editor Tom Watson)
- Trial of Leo Frank
- Historical lessons of the Leo Frank case
- Mary Phagan
- The Gunsaulus Mystery (1921)
- Murder in Harlem (1935)
- Anti-Defamation League
- B'nai B'rith
- The Aborted Apotheosis of Leo Frank, part 1
- The Aborted Apotheosis of Leo Frank, part 2
- On the Lynching of Leo M. Frank August 19th 1915 at the New York Times
- Archive of Leo M. Frank Case documents and images at Honest Media Today
- The Leo Frank Trial at JR Online Books
- 100 reasons proving Leo Frank is guilty at The American Mercury
- 100 Years ago the Case of Jewish Pedophile Leo Frank and murder of Mary Phagan at Unity of Nobility
- Leo Frank: Making a Martyr of a Murderer American Dissident Voices broadcast of April 29, 2017