Kingdom of Thomond

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For other uses see, Thomond (disambiguation).
Kingdom of Thomond

1118–1543
Flag Coat of arms
The Kingdom of Thomond in the 12th century. The borders would change over time in their rivalry with Desmond.
Capital Cashel
Language(s) Irish
Government Monarchy
King
 - 1118–1142 Conor I O'Brien
 - 1539–1543 Murrough O'Brien
History
 - Established 1118
 - Disestablished 1543

Thomond (also known as Tuadhmhumhain) was a kingdom with varying boundaries, which existed in the south-west of Ireland from the 12th to 16th centuries, after it split along with the Desmond to the south, from the old Kingdom of Munster. The Dál gCais, in particular their leading dynasty the O'Briens, who arose in Munster's latter days would reign in Thomond. They would partake in ultimately failed stuggles with the Eóganachta of Desmond who were under the leadership of the MaCarthys, in an attempt to reunite the Munster crown.

After the Norman invasion of Ireland, Thomond would be involved in clashes with forces led by the Clare dynasty, who has been given the title Lord of Thomond by their lord, the King of England. In any case, the Kingdom of Thomond would hold out until the Tudor period, when the Murrough O'Brien surrendered and regranted sovereignty to the Kingdom of Ireland, becoming part of the nobility as Earl of Thomond and then Baron Inchiquin.

Monarchs

Main article, list of monarchs of Thomond.

See also

External links