Kingdom of Desmond

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For other uses see, Desmond (disambiguation).
Kingdom of Desmond

Flag Coat of arms
The Kingdom of Desmond in the 12th century. The borders would change over time in their rivalry with Thomond and also from the Norman invasion.
Capital Not specified
Language(s) Irish
Government Monarchy
 - 1118–1123 Tadhg MacCarthy
 - 1558–1596 Domhnall MacCarthy
 - Established 1138
 - Disestablished 1596

Desmond (also known as Deas-Mhumhain) was a kingdom with varying boundaries, which existed in the far south-west of Ireland from the 12th to 16th centuries, after it split along with the Thomond to the north, from the old Kingdom of Munster. The Eóganachta, in particular their leading dynasty the MacCarthys, traditional Munster leaders would continue to reign in Desmond. They would partake in ultimately failed stuggles with the the Dál gCais of Thomond who were under the leadership of the O'Briens, in an attempt to reunite the Munster crown.

After the Norman invasion of Ireland, Desmond would be involved in clashes with forces led by the FitzGerald dynasty, who has been given the title Baron and later Earl of Desmond by their lord, the King of England. In any case, the Kingdom of Desmond would hold out until the Tudor period, when the MacCarthys surrendered and regranted their sovereignty to the Kingdom of Ireland, becoming part of the nobility as Viscount Muskerry and then Earl of Clancarty.


Main article, list of monarchs of Desmond.

See also

External links