Junio Valerio Borghese
|Junio Valerio Borghese|
|Born||Junio Valerio Scipione Borghese|
6 June 1906
Artena, Lazio, Italy
|Died||26 August 1974|
Cadiz, Andalusia, Spain
|Occupation||soldier, politician, innovator|
|Party||National Fascist Party|
Italian Social Movement
Prince Junio Valerio Borghese (6 June 1906–26 August 1974) was an Italian naval commander, military innovator and politician, best known for his association with the National Fascist Party in Italy. A member of the aristocratic House of Borghese—noted for their roles as Princes of Sulmona—Borghese was nicknamed Il Principe Nero (The Black Prince). He is also refered to as Il Comandante (The Commander) in reference to his naval career.
During the Second World War he served in the Royal Italian Navy for the Kingdom of Italy, perhaps most notably at the Raid on Alexandria where he commanded the Scirè submarine, carrying manned torpedos. He also commanded the Decima Flottiglia MAS elite unit, which pioneered new techniques of commando assault warfare. After the king surrendered, Borghese served the Italian Social Republic with a reformed Decima Flottiglia.
Following the war and the imposition of a communist inspired "constitution" in Italy, Borghese involved himself in politics again with the Italian Social Movement, becoming somewhat of a figurehead of the post-war patriotic movement in Italy. After founding the more radical Fronte Nazionale and coming into conflict with the occupied government, he fled to Spain. He also authored a diary of his war time activities in the books Decima Flottiglia MAS and Sea Devils, as well as sympathetic introduction to Julius Evola's Men Among the Ruins.