Jews and Communism
Jewish influence has been high in many Communist movements, organizations, and countries. This especially in relation to the Jewish share of the population. Many influential Communist ideologues and leaders (including Karl Marx) were Jewish.
The relationship was commented early on by outside observers. It (and the atrocities of Communism) became one of the reasons for hostility towards Jews, such as by National Socialism. However, this relationship is rarely mentioned in politically correct descriptions. This is also the case for Jewish influence more generally.
The perceived strong support for Communism and participation in some Communist atrocities also contributed to anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe and atrocities and pogroms against Jews, such as at Jedwabne.
For example Kevin MacDonald has argued that one explanation for the strong support by many Jews was that Communism was seen as beneficial for Jewish group interests, such as by Communist revolutions removing previous restrictions on Jewish influence. Some Communist atrocities have been seen as partially explained as some Jews when gaining power taking revenge on groups perceived as having persecuted Jews during the previous regime. See Jewish group evolutionary strategy.
However, regarding the mass killings under Communist regimes, the relationship is not simply Jews killing non-Jews. Jewish influence varied, several other groups were influential (including other minorities), Jews could also be among those persecuted and killed (although it has been argued often to a lesser extent than many other groups), and mass killings also occurred in Communist countries that did not have any significant Jewish presence.
There are many less politically correct descriptions of the relationship between Jews and Communism as well as discussions of possible causes and effects. One recent example is the book Two Hundred Years Together, which has also been commented on by many critics of Jewish influence. Another is Jews and Communism (copy of deleted Wikipedia article). See also the "External links" section regarding examples.
Another aspect is Communist Jews sometimes working together with Communists from other minorities towards common interests (and sometimes against the interests of the majority).
Also non-Communist Jews may in some cases have indirectly helped Communism, such as by supporting overthrowing the Czarist regime and its restrictions on Jews, without necessarily intending that the Communists should ultimately gain power. They may also in some cases have directly supported various Communist regimes, since the various opposing anti-Communist forces were often also anti-Jewish and seen as worse alternatives. Various forms of support from Jews outside the Soviet Union have been argued to have been important or crucial for Soviet Communism on several occasions.
Jewish support for Communism gradually diminished in the post-WWII period as the Jewish influence was somewhat reduced in the Soviet Union (notably during the Great Purge), the threat from National Socialist Germany was eliminated, the Cold War started, and Israel was created (with Jews in some cases shifting from supporting Communism to supporting pro-Zionist Neoconservatism and/or Cultural Marxism).
During the final part of Stalin's regime, he became increasingly anti-Semitic and has even been argued to have planned a general purge and deportation of Soviet Jews. During the Cold War, the United States supported Israel, while the Soviet Union supported opponents of Israel and published anti-Zionist texts such as Judaism without embellishment. Neoconservatism was strongly anti-Soviet.
The degree(s) of Jewish influence in Communist countries have varied over time (as in the Soviet Union) and have been very limited in some Communist countries having few Jews (apart from the Marxist ideology itself).
- Jews and Communism (copy of deleted Wikipedia article)
- Two Hundred Years Together by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
- International Jewry
- List of communist Jews
- Stalin's Jews at YnetNews.com
- Stalin’s Willing Executioners, Jews As a Hostile Elite in the USSR
- The Magdeburg Sting 1936
- Jewish Communists
- List of Communist Jews
- Jewish Money and Economic Influence: the Historical Context - Jewish pre-eminence in the leadership of Soviet communism
- The Terror Did not Begin with Stalin, A Review
- Jews in the NKVD of Stalin's Soviet Union
- The Jewish Role in the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia’s Early Soviet Regime, Behind the Murder of Russia's Imperial Family
- Do You Recognize this Man? He Was One of the Greatest Mass Murderers of All Time
- The Secret Behind Communism - Introduction section
The Occidental Observer
- NKVD: Excerpt from the Russian Club
- Judith Coplon–and why the Venona Project was stopped
- Britain's Jewish Communist Traitors
- Stasi Roots of the German-Jewish “Anti-Racist” Left and Its Program of Destroying Ethnic Germany
- Jews, Communists and Genocidal Hate in “Whiteness Studies”
|“||To overcome our enemies we must have our own socialist [Marxist] militarism. We must carry along with us 90 million out of the 100 million of Soviet Russia's population. As for the rest, we have nothing to say to them. They must be annihilated.||”|
—Grigory Zinoviev, Speech at St. Petersburg, 1918.
|“||Everywhere counter-revolutionaries run about and swagger; beat them down! Beat their heads where you find them! If counter-revolutionaries were to gain the upper hand for even a single hour, there will be no mercy for any proletarian. Before they stifle the revolution, suffocate them in their own blood!||”|
—Tibor Szamuely, Vörös Újság, 1919.
|“||As for us, we were never concerned with the Kantian-priestly and vegetarian-Quaker prattle about the "sacredness of human life". We were revolutionaries in opposition, and have remained revolutionaries in power. To make the individual sacred, we must destroy the social order which crucifies him. And that problem can only be solved by blood and iron. The man who recognizes the revolutionary historic importance of the very fact of the existence of the Soviet system must also sanction the Red Terror.||”|
|“||The Germans are not human beings. From now on, the word "German" is the worst possible curse-word to us. From now on the word German strikes us to the quick. We shall say no more. We shall not get excited. We shall kill. If you have not killed at least one German in a day, you have wasted that day. If you think your neighbor will kill a German, then you do not realize the danger. If you don't kill the German, the German will kill you. He will abduct your relatives and bring them back to his accursed Germany where he will torture them.||”|
—Ilya Ehrenburg, Krasnaya Zvezda, 1942.
|“||The Bolshevik Revolution and some of its aftermath represented, from one perspective, Jewish revenge. During the heyday of the Cold War, American Jewish publicists spent a lot of time denying that—as 1930s anti-Semites claimed—Jews played a disproportionately important role in Soviet and world Communism. The truth is until the early 1950s Jews did play such a role, and there is nothing to be ashamed of. In time Jews will learn to take pride in the record of the Jewish Communists in the Soviet Union and elsewhere. It was a species of striking back.||”|
|“||It is not an accident that Judaism gave birth to Marxism, and it is not an accident that the Jews readily took up Marxism; all this was in perfect accord with the progress of Judaism and the Jews. The Jews should realize that Jehovah no longer dwells in heaven, but he dwells in us right here on earth; we must no longer look up to Jehovah as above us and outside of us, but we must see him right within us.||”|
|“||Under the revolutionary regimes of Lenin and the early Stalin the former majority population of Eastern Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, White Russians) in their own country were dispossessed and put under the jurisdiction of the pre-revolutionary minority peoples (Jews, Georgians, Latvians, Poles, and Armenians). The October Revolution differed substantially from earlier Western revolutions as, for example, when Frenchmen were pitted against Frenchmen in the French Revolution or when Englishmen fought against fellow Englishmen in the American Revolution for the purpose of improving conditions for the less fortunate. In Russia in 1917, international misfits provided much of the leadership for that revolution as part of a world conspiracy to bring down all other governments that did not accept the dictatorial teaching of Karl Marx and his disciples.||”|
|“||As a Jew I want Jews to do all they can, and more than they can, for the Soviet Union and its peoples, not only because our countries ought to be bound within the bonds of a common understanding and a common comradeship, but also because while other nations—I name them not—talk about themselves as the enemies of fascism, the Soviet Union is decades and generations ahead of the rest of the world in combating and crushing one of the most terrible tokens and symbols of fascism—namely anti-Semitism.||”|
|“||This movement among the Jews is not new. From the days of Spartacus-Weishaupt to those of Karl Marx, and down to Trotsky (Russia), Bela Kun (Hungary), Rosa Luxembourg (Germany), and Emma Goldman (United States), this world-wide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilisation and for the reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence, and impossible equality, has been steadily growing... It has been the mainspring of every subversive movement during the Nineteenth Century; and now at last this band of extraordinary personalities from the underworld of the great cities of Europe and America have gripped the Russian people by the hair of their heads and have become practically the undisputed masters of that enormous empire... There is no need to exaggerate the part played in the creation of Bolshevism and in the actual bringing about of the Russian Revolution by these international and for the most part atheistical Jews. It is certainly a very great one; it probably outweighs all others. With the notable exception of Lenin, the majority of the leading figures are Jews. Moreover, the principal inspiration and driving power comes from the Jewish leaders... Although in all these countries there are many non-Jews every whit as bad as the worst of the Jewish revolutionaries, the part played by the latter in proportion to their numbers in the population is astonishing.||”|
|“||The Bolshevik leaders here, most of whom are Jews and 90 percent of whom are returned exiles, care little for Russia or any other country but are internationalists and they are trying to start a worldwide social revolution.||”|
- Joe McCarthy and the Jews: Comments on Jewish Organizations’ Response to Communism and Senator McCarthy, by Aviva Weingarten (2008). http://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2012/10/joe-mccarthy-and-the-jews/
- Destroy Zionism! (23 December 2010). "Jew author Norman Cantor brags about Bolshevik slaughter of Europeans".
- Judaism gave birth to Marxism. Winston Smith Ministry of Truth. Retrieved on 14 March 2012.
- NKVD: Excerpt from Sergei Semanov, The Russian Club. The Occidental Observer. Retrieved on 14 October 2013.
- New world review,Author=Friends of the Soviet Union,N.W.R. Publications, Year:1946
- Churchill, Winston (8 February 1920). "Zionism versus Bolshevism". Illustrated Sunday Herald. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Zionism_versus_Bolshevism
- =Russia from the American Embassy, 1916-1918, Autor=Francis, David Rowland