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Jan Stachniuk AKA "Stoigniew" (born on 13th of June in 1905 in Kowl (Wolyn), died on 14th of August in 1963) - Polish Rodnover philospher and creator of Polish nationalist group "Zadruga" and a magazine of the same title.
Stachniuk was born in a railwayman family. In 1927 he passed his final exams in Juliusz Slowacki Junior High School in Kowl and started studying in Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa in Poznan. During the studies he was active in ZPMD, "Bratnia Pomoc WSH" and he was a member of "Zet". In 1930 he graduated from Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa in Poznan. After the studies he used to work for a short time in health insurance in Tuchola, then he performed his military service in Tomaszów Lubelski. He came back to Poznan, where he was a redactor of a responsible ZPMD organ "Życie Uniwersyteckie" in Poznan (Dec 1931 - May 1932). In 1932 he gave up his membership in "Zet".
In 1933 he published his very first book called "Kolektywizm a naród", two years later appeared "Heroiczna wspólnota narodu". In this book he included his vision of a "zadrugian" system, which main goal was to "direct all aspects of human activity to personal and national progress". The name "Zadruga" came from a term of an old-Slavonic tribal community. He was also the author of "Dzieje bez dziejów" being "an anatomy of the historical fall of Poland", of which he found guilty catholicism and Jesuitian contrreformation in Poland. He created a nationalistic and at the same time anticapitalistic ideology rejecting Christianity as a "Jewish creation" and calling to life a traditional old-Slavonic community.
In 1935 he moved to Warsaw along with Sabina Różycka, his contemporary life companion. In 1937 he proclaimed "Zadruga" magazine, which he used to publish in Warsaw until 1939. Around the magazine gathered a bunch of his historiosophical concept's followers - Józef Grzanka, Bogusław Stępiński, Antoni Wacyk and others. Members of the group used to take Slavic names. Stachniuk himself chose the name "Stoigniew", which was later also his nickname in WWII resistance AK - Armia Krajowa (Home Army).
In 1939 he wasn't drafted. Along with other men he went to the east (after lt. Umiastowski's appeal in 7 Sep 1939). In October of 1939 he came back to Warsaw. Again he gathered a community of zadrugians around him acquiring also some new followers. During the second WW he was a member of "Stronnictwo Zrywu Narodowego", although he didn't take part in direct political operations, he concentrated on publicising - he was the author of a number of conspiracy magazines "Zryw" (SZN organ) and "Kadra" (organ of Kadra Polski Niepodległej). He was using an occupational Kennkarte for the name of Mieczysław Adamek. Stachniuk was actively fighting in AK during the Warsaw Uprising in a company formed mostly from KPN soldiers under the grouping of mjr "Bartkiewicz". He demonstrated his courage (awarded Cross of Valour, been injured three times).
After the fall of the uprising he ran away from the transport and managed to get to Częstochowa where he was hiding thanks to help from Antoni Wacyk's family until Germans' departure. In February of 1945 he came back to Warsaw. Damazy Tilgner "Jaromir" -proponent of his views and a comrade from the conspiration offered him a job in "operational group" in Bydgoszcz which used to take over after-German industrial plants from the Soviets in Pomeranian Voivodeship. After the end of its activity until June of 1945 he used to work in Provincial Industrial Department in Bydgoszcz. Next he remained at trade and he also used to write for magazines "Zryw" and "Ilustrowany Kurier Polski" under nicknames A.Mieczkowski and M.Adamek. He was aware of unsovereignal character of Poland after the conference in Jalta, however he tried to legally recreate the zadrugian movement. In conjunction with it he was writing letters to zadrugians who emigrated, in which he used to persuade them to come back to the country. Staying as a private and partyless person he strived to propagate his ideas by printing and by his followers who were creating a significant group in licensed Stronnictwo Pracy. He resided in Bydgoszcz where he met Franciszka Stembrowicz.
Using support from former sympathics, "Zryw" and "Stronnictwo Pracy" activists (Zygmunt Felczak, Feliks Widy-Wirski who received national positions after 1945 as licensed SP activists) he continued to publish his works legally. Although he wasn't commited to "Związek Literatów Polskich" despite his accomplishment of formal conditions. He didn't manage to legalise "Zadruga" and his books caused hostile responses both in legal Polish press and emigrational ones.
Stachniuk was arrested in 1949 by UB (Communist security forces). In a show off trial the public prosecutor Beniamin Wajsblech wanted a death sentence for him, however by judgement from 9th of July 1952 Stachniuk was convicted to 15 years of imprisonment. The Supreme Court by judgement from 24th of December 1953 reduced the punishment to 8 years, and after the amnesty it decreased to 7 years. Along with him in this trial were judged: Teodor Jakubowski, Janina Kłopocka, Bogusław Stępiński. Stachniuk was sent to one of the toughest prisons (Barczewo), where he was beaten and tortured. He was released from prison as a cripple unable to live efficiently. On 15th of August in 1963 he died in a medical facility in Radość near Warsaw. He was buried at Powązki cemetery.
The Association for Tradition and Culture 'Niklot' is the contemporary form of Jan Stachniuk's "Zadruga" movement.
Kolektywizm a naród (1933)
Heroiczna wspólnota narodu (1935)
Panśtwo a gospodarstwo (1939)
Dzieje bez dziejów (1939)
Mit Słowiański (1941, published in 2006)
Zagadnienie Totalizmu (1943)
Człowieczeństwo i kultura (1946)
Walka o zasady (1947)