Jacques René Chirac (November 29, 1932) is a French politician and a former President of France. He served from May 17, 1995 until May 16, 2007 and was re-elected in 2002. As President he was also an ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra and Grand Master of the French Légion d'honneur.
After completing his studies at the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris and the École Nationale d'Administration, Jacques Chirac began his career as a high-level civil servant, and soon entered politics. He subsequently occupied various senior positions, including Minister of Agriculture, Prime Minister, Mayor of Paris, and finally President of France.
His internal policies included lower tax rates, the removal of price controls, strong punishment for crime and terrorism; and business privatization. He has also argued for more socially responsible economic policies, and was elected in 1995 after campaigning on a platform of healing the "social rift" (fracture sociale). His economic policies at various times also included both laissez-faire and dirigiste (state directed) ideas.
Chirac was the second-longest serving President of France (two full terms, first seven years and second five), behind Francois Mitterrand. He and his predecessor were also the only presidents to serve two full terms in the Élysée Palace.
Chirac is the only person to have served twice as Prime Minister under the Fifth Republic.