József Pogány

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József Pogány
The Jew József Pogány.png
Born József Schwartz
8 November 1886
Budapest, Hungary
Died 27 July 1939
Soviet Union
Nationality Jewish
Occupation propagandist, agitator, criminal, mass-murderer
Organization Hungarian Social Democratic Party
Communist Party of Hungary
Communist Party of America

József Schwartz (8 November 1886—27 July 1939) better known as József Pogány and John Pepper was a communist Jew, who played an active role in both Hungary and the United States as an agitator and propagandist for the Third International.


József Pogány was born in Budapest, Hungary on November 8, 1886. Pogány's family were ethnic Jews with the original surname of Schwartz. The surname "Pogány" (= Heathen) seems to have been adopted as a means of de-emphasizing Jewish family origins in order to decieve the local gentiles. However, today the name "Pogány" is a quite common name for Jews with "hungarized" names.

Originally he wanted to be a teacher for Hungarian and German language, later on he became a critician and journalist. From 1910 on he wrote regularly in Jewish-bolshevistic newspapers like "Népszava" and "Szocializmus".

Political agitation

Communist usurpation of Hungary

Pogány infiltrated the high school system and was able to work as a teacher. He also wroted for newspapers as a journalist prior to the communist Jews usurping the Hungarian government in 1919, under Béla Kun, Tibor Szamuely and Jenő Landler. He wrote propaganda for the official organ of the Hungarian Social Democratic Party, which called itself Népszava (People's Voice) and was a war correspondent during the years of World War I.[1] Despite his lack of military credentials outside of the time he spent as a war reporter, at the time of the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918, Pogány able to manipulate some of the soldiers into joining an entity led by him called the Budapest Soldiers' Soviet.[2] While Pogány dedicated himself to promotion of what one historian has called "the often impossible demands of the soldiers,"[2] he nonetheless remained for a time supportive of the policies of the liberal government of degenerated Count Mihály Karolyi.[1]

Pogány came into conflict with the new Minister of Defense, Albert Bartha, whom attempted to remove his Jewish-control over the nation's soldiers. Bartha announced on 13 November 1918 that he would "no longer tolerate Soldiers' Councils", though was forced to retreat on 4 December after when the disciplinary power of the officers was usurped.[3] He countered this with the establishment of new disciplinary "flying squads" but was forced to resign on 11 December.[3] Before the resignation was announced Pogány led soldier's under his control in an agitation on the Ministry of Defense demanding Bartha's dismissal for trying to take the nation's military back from his Jewish hands.[3]

When his fellow tribesman, Béla Kun, usurped the government in March 1919 and illegally proclaimed a so-called Hungarian Soviet Republic, Pogány cast his lot decisively with the judeo-communist usurpers. The Communist Party of Hungary first merged with the most extreme members of the Social Democratic Party to form a single organization. Pogány was one of five party leaders signing the unity document on behalf of the extremist elements of the so-called "Social Democrats".[1] While the two parties were formally ratifying the agreement, Pogány's Soldiers' Soviet usurped control of the Budapest police, occupied the collector jail, and dispatched armed bands throughout the capital to oppress and murder political opponents.[4]

the soldiers,"[2] he nonetheless remained for a time supportive of the policies of the liberal government of degenerated Count Mihály Karolyi.[1]

After 1919 he emigrated to Vienna and from Vienna 1920 to the Soviet Union, where he fighted in the Crimea against native people.

Jewish plotting in Germany

Sowing the seeds of discontent in America

1922 he moved to the USA, learned English and got the name "John Pepper", ane became a leader of the Workers Party of America. 1924 he returned to the Soviet Union, 1924 returned to Moscow, from 1925 on he agitated in Western Europe and Asia, 1928-29 he agitated again in the USA.

Recalled to Moscow by Comitern

From 1930 on he resided in the Soviet Union. 1937 he was arrested and executed. His fellow-Jew and fellow-mass-murder Béla Kun was executed in 1939.



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Branko Lazitch and Milorad M. Drachkovitch, "József Pogány," in Biographical Dictionary of the Comintern: New, Revised, and Expanded Edition. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1986; pp. 366-367.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Gábor Vermes, "The October Revolution in Hungary: From Károlyi to Kun," in Iván Völgyes (ed.), Hungary in Revolution, 1918-19: Nine Essays. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1971; pg. 40.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Vermes, "The October Revolution in Hungary," pg. 45.
  4. Bennett Kovrig, Communism in Hungary: From Kun to Kádár. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1979; pg. 39.

See also