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The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula is one of the greatest peninsulas of Europe, spanning 1,000 km from the Alps in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south. The peninsula is well-known for its boot shape, in fact it is known as Lo Stivale (Italian for "The boot".)
The peninsula is bordered by the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west, the Ionian Sea on the south, and the Adriatic Sea on the east. The interior part of the Apennine Peninsula consists of the Apennine Mountains, from which it takes its name, the northern part is largely plains and the coasts are lined with cliffs.
This peninsula has mainly a Mediterranean climate, though in the continental part the climate is mildly continental, and its natural vegetation includes chaparral and deciduous and mixed deciduous coniferous forests.