Irish Republican Army (1922-1969)

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For other groups who claim the name, see IRA (disambiguation).
Irish Republican Army
Flag of Ireland.svg
Existence 1922–1969
Type paramilitary
Position Irish republicanism
Irish nationalism
Location Ireland
Affiliation Sinn Féin
Comhairle na Poblachta
Comhairle na dTeachtaí
Fianna Éireann
Cumann na mBan
Leader Liam Lynch
Frank Aiken
Seán MacBride
Tom Barry
Seán Russell
Tony Magan
Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
Cathal Goulding

The Irish Republican Army, also referred to as the Anti-Treaty IRA or the Irregular IRA, was a paramilitary faction in Ireland, deriving from the original Irish Republican Army who during the Irish Civil War were opposed to the Anglo-Irish Treaty. It claimed to be the legitimate continuation of the Irish Republican Army founded in 1916 during the Easter Rising, a claim contested by the pro-Treaty National Army of the new Irish Free State. They were opposed to the British Empire controlling the six counties in Ulster ("northern Ireland"). Notable actions included a campaign against the British Empire during World War II and the Border Campaign of the 1950s.

Much of the support for the organisation was undermined by the ascent of Éamon de Valera's Fianna Fáil to government, whose constituency represented the average anti-Treaty republican in Ireland.

During the 1930s, some members organised the pro-Soviet group Saor Éire, while later during the Second World War they collaborated with National Socialist Germany and the Abwehr.

In 1969, the Officials-Provisionals split occurred between the Provisional IRA and the Official IRA.


See also

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