Mubarak in 2009
14 October 1981 – 11 February 2011
|Vice President||Omar Suleiman|
|Preceded by||Sufi Abu Taleb (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Mohamed Hussein Tantawi(Acting)[b]|
7 October 1981 – 2 January 1982
|Preceded by||Anwar El Sadat|
|Succeeded by||Ahmad Fuad Mohieddin|
16 April 1975 – 14 October 1981
|President||Anwar El Sadat|
|Preceded by||Hussein el-Shafei|
|Succeeded by||Omar Suleiman[a]|
16 July 2009 – 11 February 2011
|Preceded by||Raúl Castro|
|Born||4 May 1928|
Kafr-El Meselha, Egypt
|Birth name||Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak|
|Political party||National Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Suzanne Mubarak (1959–present)|
|Service/branch||Egyptian Air Force|
|Rank||Air Chief Marshal|
|Commands||Beni Suef Air Base|
Egyptian Air Academy
Egyptian Air Force
|a. ^ Office vacant from 14 October 1981 to 29 January 2011|
b. ^ as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
Mubarak was appointed Vice President of Egypt in 1975, and assumed the presidency on 14 October 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat. The length of his presidency made him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha. Before he entered politics, Mubarak was a career officer in the Egyptian Air Force, serving as its commander from 1972 to 1975 and rising to the rank of air chief marshal.
Mubarak was ousted after 18 days of demonstrations during the 2011 Egyptian revolution. On 11 February, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak had resigned as president and transferred authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. On that day Mubarak and his family left the presidential palace in Cairo and moved to Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. On 13 April, a prosecutor ordered the former president and both his sons to be detained for 15 days of questioning about allegations of corruption and abuse of power. On 24 May, Mubarak was ordered to stand trial on charges of premeditated murder of peaceful protestors during the 2011 Egyptian revolution and, if convicted, he could face the death penalty. In addition to investigating his role in the premeditated murder of peaceful protestors in the 2011 Egyptian revolution, in June 2011, Egypt’s military prosecution proclaimed that it is investigating Mubarak's role in the assassination of his predecessor, Anwar Sadat as well.
- Profile: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Xinhua News Agency (10 February 2010). Retrieved on 11 February 2011.
- Slackman, Michael (8 March 2010). "Hosni Mubarak". The New York Times. http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/m/hosni_mubarak/index.html. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
- Kirkpatrick, David D. (28 January 2011). "Egypt Calls In Army as Protesters Rage". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/29/world/middleeast/29unrest.html. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- Kirkpatrick, David D.; Shadid, Anthony; Cowell, Alan (11 February 2011). "Mubarak Steps Down, Ceding Power to Military". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/12/world/middleeast/12egypt.html. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
- "Egypt crisis: President Hosni Mubarak resigns as leader". BBC. 11 February 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12433045. Retrieved 11 February 2011. Cite error: Invalid
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- [dead link]
- Kirkpatrick, David D.; Stack, Liam (13 March 2011). "Prosecutors Order Mubarak and Sons Held". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/14/world/middleeast/14egypt.html?_r=1. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
- Mubarak to be tried for murder of protesters. Reuters (24 May 2011). Retrieved on 24 May 2011.
- MSN News. Egypt’s Mubarak investigated over predecessor’s assassination
- Al Masry Al Youm (English edition). Mubarak accused of complicity in death of Sadat