Henry Hudson (1570 – 1611) was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century. After several voyages on behalf of English merchants to explore a prospective Northeast Passage to China, Hudson explored the region around modern New York City while looking for a western route to the Orient under the auspices of the Dutch East India Company. He discovered the Hudson River and laid the foundation for Dutch colonization of the region.
Hudson's next expedition ranged further north in search of the Northwest Passage, again under English auspices, leading to his discovery of the Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay. After wintering in the Canadian Arctic, Hudson tried to press on with his voyage in the spring of 1611, but his crew mutinied and cast him adrift. His specific fate is unknown.