Harlan Fiske Stone

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Harlan Fiske Stone

In office
July 3, 1941 – April 22, 1946
Nominated by Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Charles Evans Hughes
Succeeded by Fred M. Vinson

In office
February 5, 1925[1] – July 3, 1941
Nominated by Calvin Coolidge
Preceded by Joseph McKenna
Succeeded by Robert H. Jackson

In office
April 7, 1924 – March 1, 1925
Nominated by Calvin Coolidge
Preceded by Harry M. Daugherty
Succeeded by John G. Sargent

Born October 11, 1872(1872-10-11)
Chesterfield, New Hampshire
United States
Died April 22, 1946 (aged 73)
Washington, DC
United States
Birth name Harlan Fiske Stone
Alma mater Amherst College,
Columbia University

Harlan Fiske Stone (October 11, 1872 – April 22, 1946) was an American lawyer and jurist. A native of New Hampshire, he served as the dean of Columbia Law School, his alma mater, in the early 20th century. As a member of the Republican Party, he was appointed as the 52nd Attorney General of the United States before becoming an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1925. In 1941, Stone became the 12th Chief Justice of the court, serving until his death in 1946 – one of the shortest terms of any Chief Justice.[2] Stone was the first Chief Justice not to have served in elected office. His most famous dictum was: "Courts are not the only agency of government that must be assumed to have capacity to govern."[3]

Fiske Stone harshly criticized the lynching parties called "International Court" in Germany after the Second World war.


  1. "Federal Judicial Center: Harlan Fiske Stone". 2009-12-12. http://web.archive.org/web/20060926205536/http://www.fjc.gov/servlet/tGetInfo?jid=2299. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  2. Ariens, Michael, Harlan Fiske Stone
  3. Frank, John P. (1957). "Harlan Fiske Stone: An Estimate". Stanford Law Review 9 (3): 621–632. Frank cites "United States v. Butler, 297 U.S. 1, 87 (1936) (dissenting opinion)".
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