Guam

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Guam
Guåhån
Anthem: Fanohge Chamoru
CapitalHagåtña
Largest village Dededo
Official languages English and Chamorro
Ethnic groups 39% Chamorro, 26.3% Filipino, 11.3% Pacific, 6.9% White, 6.3% other Asian, 2.3% other, 9.8% Mixed[1]
Demonym Guamanian
Government
 -  President Barack Obama (D)
 -  Governor Eddie Calvo (R)
 -  Lt. Governor Ray Tenorio (R)
Area
 -  Total 541.3 km2 (190th)
209 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2009[2] estimate 178,000 (181st)
 -  2000 census 154,805
 -  Density 320/km2 (37th)
830/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2000 estimate
 -  Total $2.5 billion (2005 est.)1 (167th)
 -  Per capita $15,000(2005 est.)1
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone Chamorro Standard Time (UTC+10)
 -  Summer (DST) (no DST) (UTC)
Calling code +1-671
Internet TLD .gu
1. 2000 estimate.
Hagåtña from Fort Santa Agueda.
Beach scenery in Guam

Guam, officially the Territory of Guam, is an island in the Western Pacific Ocean and is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States. It is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government.[3] The island's capital is Hagåtña (formerly Agana). Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands.

The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous inhabitants, first populated the island approximately 4,000 years ago.reference required The island has a long history of European colonialism beginning in 1668 with the arrival of Spanish settlers including Padre San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. The island was taken over from Spain by the United States during the Spanish American War in 1898. As the largest island in Micronesia and the only American-held island in the region before World War II, Guam was occupied by the Japanese between December 1941 and July 1944. Today, Guam's economy is mainly supported by tourism (primarily from Japan) and U.S. military bases.[4]

References

  1. CIA Factbook: Guam
  2. World Population Prospects – Table A.1. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved on 2009-07-21.
  3. "USDOI Office of Insular Affairs" U.S. Territories, Retrieved November 4, 2007.
  4. Rogers, Robert F. (1995). Destiny’s Landfall: A History of Guam. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN-13: 978-0824816780. 
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.
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