Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

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FYROM (Vardarska)
Anthem: Денес над Македонија"Today over Macedonia"
Map of the FYROM.
Map of the FYROM.
Capital
and largest city
Skopje
42°0′N 21°26′E / 42°N 21.433°E / 42; 21.433
Official languages Macedonian[1]
Ethnic groups 65% Macedonian, 24% Albanian, 4% Turkish, 3% Roma, 4% others [2]
Demonym Macedonian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Gjorge Ivanov
 -  Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski
Independence from Yugoslavia
 -  Independence declared 8 September 1991 
 -  Officially recognized 8 April 1993 
Area
 -  Total 25,713 km2 (148th)
9,779 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.9%
Population
 -  2009 estimate 2,114,550 (142nd)
 -  2002 census 2,022,547
 -  Density 82,2/km2 (113th)
205/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $19.996 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $9,728[3]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $9.108 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $4,431[3]
Gini (2003)39[4]
Error: Invalid Gini value
HDI (2010)increase 0.701[5]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 71st
Currency Macedonian denar (MKD)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 389
Internet TLD .mk

Vardarska (Serbo-Croatian: Вардарска), commonly known as FYROM (the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), is a landlocked country in Southeastern Europe of Slavic people closely related to Bulgarians. Its capital is Skopje with 500,000 inhabitants, and there are a number of smaller cities, notably Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid, Veles, Shtip, Kochani, Gostivar and Strumica. It has more than 50 natural and artificial lakes and sixteen mountains higher than 2,000 meters (6,550 ft) above sea level. It is bordered by Serbia to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east. The country is a member of the United Nations and the Council of Europe and a member of La Francophonie, the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Since December 2005 it is also a candidate for joining the European Union and has applied for NATO membership.

Over the centuries the territory which today forms the FYROM was ruled by a number of different states and former empires. Macedonia is a Hellenic historical national identity and the culture of Macedonia is Hellenic. Although FYROM who claims the name of Macedonia is a young state, since it became independent in 1991, its roots run into the history of last decades. The name "Macedonia" is in fact a Greek word. All the archaeological evidence shows that the Macedonian civilization was a Greek tribe, which has nothing to do with modern Slavic inhabitants. The region Macedonia is located in the heart of the Balkans, north of southern Greece, east of Illyria, and west of Thrace. The state of FYROM today occupies a northern region of Macedonian land.

At the start of the 21st century, the Slavs of FYROM fought an insurgency by irredentist Albanians.[6] They fought them with help from NATO, who only the previous year had used enriched uranium to attack Serbia who were fighting an Albanian insurgency in Kosovo.

History

  • 1246: Ser was one a large city, but the Bulgarian Ivan had demolished when besieging it and other Macedonian cities.[7]
  • 1704: The French treveller and writer Paul Luca on Macedonia ...and hour after midnight for Kavalla, which is six miles away and once was a large Macedonian city by the sea coast. We should note that almost all the villages in Macedonia are full of Christians and there are few Turks.[8]
  • June 7, 1913: To the Governments and the Public of the Allied Balkans States The Macedonians have continually, over the centuries, risen up and fought for independence and freedom, and by their persistent struggle aided the liberation of Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria....More then on hundred thousand Macedonian fighters have fought shoulder to shoulder with the allied armies... Macedonia should be an independent state within its ethnographic, geographical, cultural and historical boundaries, with a government accountable to a national assembly... A national representative body should be established... In the city of Salonika, elected by general vote. Brother allies and liberators! We hope that our words will reach your hearts and minds...[9]

Notes

  1. "Languages Law passed in Parliament". macedoniaonline.eu. 2008-07-26. http://macedoniaonline.eu/content/view/2507/1/. Retrieved 2008-07-27. "Using the Badenter principles, the Parliament had passed the use of languages law that will touch all ethnicities in Macedonia. The law doesn't allow for use of Albanian or any other minority language as a second official language on Macedonia's territory." 
  2. Republic of Macedonia State Statistical Office
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Report for Selected Country. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved on 2011-01-30.
  4. CIA - The World Factbook -- Field Listing :: Distribution of family income - Gini index. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 31 December 2010.
  5. Human Development Report 2010. United Nations (2010). Retrieved on 5 November 2010.
  6. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/18/world/a-trail-of-misery-as-macedonia-fights-albanian-insurgency.html
  7. Georgii Acropolitae Opera, Recensuit A. Haisenberg vol. I, Lipsiae 1903, p.74-75, 77
  8. A. Matkovski and P. Angelakova, Patuvanjata na francuskiot petepisec Pol Luka niz Makedonija od 1704 do 1714-Istorija v/2 (1969). p. 101.
  9. St. Petersburg Signed by the authorized representatives Makedonskii Golos, St. Petersburg, pp. 52-55

References

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.