Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two political entities that compose the modern country of Bosnia and Herzegovina (the other entity is the Republika Srpska). The two entities are delineated by the Inter-Entity Boundary Line.

The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is primarily inhabited by Bosniaks.By decision of the Constitutional court in 2001, the Serbs were declared the third constituent ethnic group of the Federation. The same happened to Bosniaks and Croats in the Republika Srpska.

The Federation was created by the Washington accords signed on March 18, 1994, which established a Constituent assembly (Ustavotvorna skupština/Ustavotvorbeni Sabor). The Constituent assembly continued its work until October 1996.

The Federation now has its own capital, government, flag and coat of arms, president, parliament, customs and police departments, postal system (in fact, two of them), and airline (BH Airlines). It has its own army, the Vojska Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine, though it is under the control of the state-level Bosnia-Herzegovina Ministry of Defense, as is the Vojska Republike Srpske. Entity armies (including Vojska Republike Srpske) should have been united by the end of the 2005 and entity-level Ministry of Defense and their armies should have been abolished by January 1, 2006. It now seems that a unified army will be created by the end of 2007,[1] although some units have already been merged.[2]

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.


  1. Amra Hadziosmanovic Bosnia to get single army by 2007, DefenceNews.com, 6 July 2006, accessed 13 September 2006
  2. Nedim Dervisbegovic Bosnia's first unified army platoon deployed to Iraq, The San Diego Union-Tribune, 2 June 2005, accessed 13 September 2006