Falkland Islands

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Falkland Islands
Motto: "Desire the right"
Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (official)
"Song of the Falklands"[a]
Capital
and largest city
Stanley
51°42′S 57°51′W / 51.7°S 57.85°W / -51.7; -57.85
Official languages English
Ethnic groups 61.3% Falkland Islander[b]
29.0% British
2.6% Spaniard
0.6% Japanese
6.5% Chilean & Other[1]
Demonym Falkland Islander
Government British Overseas Territory (constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democratic dependency)
 -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Governor Nigel Haywood
 -  Chief Executive Tim Thorogood[2]
Establishment
 -  British rule re-established 5 January 1833 
 -  Argentine invasion 2 April 1982 
 -  Liberation 14 June 1982 
 -  Current Constitution 1 January 2009 
Area
 -  Total 12,173 km2 (162nd)
4,700 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0
Population
 -  July 2008 estimate 3,140[3] (220th)
 -  Density 0.26/km2 (240th)
0.65/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $75 million (223rd)
 -  Per capita $25,000 (2002 estimate) (not ranked)
HDI n/a
Error: Invalid HDI value
Currency Falkland Islands pound[c] (FKP)
Time zone (UTC-4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC-3)
Drives on the left
Calling code 500
Internet TLD .fk
a. ^ "Song of the Falklands" is used as the islands' anthem at sporting events.

b. ^ The majority are of British origin.

c. ^ Fixed to the Pound sterling (GBP).

The Falkland Islands (Spanish: Malvinas) in the South Atlantic Ocean, located 300 miles (483 km) from the coast of Argentina, 671 miles (1,080 km) west of the Shag Rocks (South Georgia), and 584 miles (940 km) north of the British Antarctic Territory (which overlaps with the Argentine and Chilean claims to Antarctica in that region). They consist of two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, together with 776 smaller islands. Stanley, on East Falkland, is the capital. The islands are a self-governing Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, but have been the subject of a claim to sovereignty by Argentina since the re-assertion of British sovereignty in 1833.

In pursuit of this claim in 1982, the islands were invaded by Argentina, precipitating the two-month-long undeclared Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom, which resulted in the defeat and withdrawal of Argentine forces (who had been supplied with arms by Israel).[4][5] Since the war there has been strong economic growth in both fisheries and tourism. The inhabitants of the islands are full British citizens (since a 1983 Act) and under Argentine Law are eligible for Argentine citizenship. Many trace their origins on the islands to early 19th-century Scottish immigration. The islands' residents reject the Argentine sovereignty claim.

References

  1. Joshua Project. Ethnic People Groups of Falkland Islands. Joshua Project. Retrieved on 28 February 2010.
  2. Falkland Islands Government (30 August 2007). "Falkland Islands Government appoints new Chief Executive". Press release. http://www.falklands.gov.fk/news-2007.php. Retrieved 29 October 2007. 
  3. Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas). CIA. Retrieved on 5 March 2010.
  4. Daily Telegraph (20 Apr 2011). "Israel 'supplied arms to Argentina during Falklands War'". 
  5. Daily Mail (20 Apr 2011). "'A deep-rooted hatred of the British': How Israelis 'armed junta' in Falklands conflict". 
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.