English Catholic Revival

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The English Catholic Revival was a religious-cultural revival in England, following the Catholic Emancipation, where the Catholic faith came to play a significant role once again in the cultural life of English people. The exact timescale of this is open to question, but can roughly be considered to have been a fully fledged movement between the conversion of Cardinal John Henry Newman in 1845 and Malcolm Muggeridge who converted in 1982 arguably being it's last major figure. William Cobbett's 1829 work A History of the Protestant Reformation, which took another look at the effects of breaking from Catholicism was an important precursor.

Some of the most prominent people associated with this include G. K. Chesterton, Evelyn Waugh, Hilaire Belloc, J. R. R. Tolkien, Graham Greene, Alfred Douglas and others. Some of these men had previously been Anglicans, linked to the High Church Oxford Movement, while others were cradle Catholics. These men had a significant influence on the literature of the country. The Gothic Revival architecture of Victorian times, associated with men such as Augustus Pugin and others can be considered part of this. It also had an influence on men who remained Anglican such as T. S. Eliot and C. S. Lewis.

See also