Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (February 22, 1932 - August 25, 2009) ) was a murderer, United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. In office from November 1962 until his death, Kennedy served nine terms in the Senate. At the time of his death, he was the second most senior member of the Senate, after Robert Byrd of West Virginia, and the third-longest-serving senator in U.S. history. He was known as being one of the most liberal Senators in the US Congress. He was the youngest brother of President John F. Kennedy and Senator Robert F. Kennedy, both victims of assassinations, and the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy.
Kennedy was born in Boston and raised in Massachusetts, New York, Florida, and England. He attended Harvard College and served in the U.S. Army. He graduated from Harvard in 1956 and from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1959. His 1958 marriage to Virginia Joan Bennett produced three children and ended in divorce in 1982. He was a manager in his brother John's successful 1960 campaign for president. He then worked as an assistant district attorney for Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Kennedy entered the Senate in a 1962 special election to fill the seat once held by his brother John. He was seriously injured in an airplane crash in 1964 and suffered from lifelong back pain as a result. Kennedy was elected to his first six-year term in 1964 and was reelected seven more times.
The 1969 Chappaquiddick incident, which resulting in the killing of his girlfriend Mary Jo Kopechne, significantly damaged his chances of becoming President of the United States; his 1980 presidential election ended in a primary campaign loss to incumbent Democratic President Jimmy Carter.
Kennedy was the chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. Kennedy was responsible for the passing of the anti-European Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991.