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A ceasefire (or truce) is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. Ceasefires may be declared as part of a formal treaty, but they have also been called as part of an informal understanding between opposing forces.
Pakistan's government has repeatedly claimed that India is violating the Simla Agreement by constructing a fence along the Line of Control. However, India maintains that the fence has decreased armed infiltration into Jammu and Kashmir.
A more recent example of a ceasefire was announced between Israel and the Palestinian National Authority on February 8, 2005. When announced, chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat publicly defined the ceasefire as follows: "We have agreed that today President Mahmoud Abbas will declare a full cessation of violence against Israelis anywhere and Prime Minister Ariel Sharon will declare a full cessation of violence and military activities against Palestinians anywhere."
Throughout the period of The Troubles the Provisional IRA and other paramilitary groups have called ceasefires. The most notable of these being the IRA ceasefire which was called on 31 August 1994 and ended on the 9 February with the Docklands bombing. Another ceasefire was declared in July 1997 after negotiations were reopened.
ETA has declared several ceasefires during its long running campaign against the Spanish state. The latest ceasefire, which started in March 2006, was broken on December 30, 2006, when a car bomb exploded in Madrid killing two people.
- ↑ Wedeman, Ben; Raz, Guy, Koppel, Andrea (2005-02-07). "Mideast cease-fire expected Tuesday". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/meast/02/07/mideast/. Retrieved 2007-01-03.