Carlo Costamagna

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Carlo Costamagna (21 September 1881 – 1 March 1965) was an Italian lawyer and academic, noted as a theorist of corporatism. He worked closely with Benito Mussolini and his fascist movement.

After studying law, Costamagna joined the fascist movement in 1920 and in 1924 was appointed National Secretary of Technical Councils. Politically Costamagna saw fascism as a transitory phase that existed only for the imposition of corporatism. Between 1926 and 1927 he was involved in drafting a series of laws designed to convert Italy to a fascist state. The concept of the "ethical state" that they developed became the official ideology thereafter. He then moved on to take a leading role in the Ministry of Corporations. Costamagna became a member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1929 and served in its successor the Chamber of Fasces and Corporations. He was admitted to the Italian Senate in 1943, by which time he had become part of the circle around the Julius Evola.

In the postwar period, Costamagna was involved in the formation of the Italian Social Movement, continuing to be involved with corporatist economics and Julius Evola.

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