Barbara Spectre (born 1942) is a Jewish Zionist and activist, born in the United States, later moving to Israel and then Sweden, joining her husband, who was then serving as the rabbi of the Stockholm Synagogue. She is the founding director of the government-funded Paideia, "The European Institute for Jewish Studies in Sweden", with stated purposes such as renewal of Jewish culture in Europe.
In 2010, she stated controversially to the Israel Broadcasting Authority News that:
- "I think there is a resurgence of anti-Semitism because at this point in time Europe has not yet learned how to be multicultural. And I think we are going to be part of the throes of that transformation, which must take place. Europe is not going to be the monolithic societies they once were in the last century. Jews are going to be at the centre of that. It’s a huge transformation for Europe to make. They are now going into a multicultural mode and Jews will be resented because of our leading role. But without that leading role and without that transformation, Europe will not survive."
The Israel Broadcasting Authority has since tried to remove the video from websites such as YouTube.
In November 2023 she resurfaced:
- "If you wanted to ask me what my citizenship is, I pay taxes in all three and I have citizenship in all three [United States, Israel and Sweden] but my true citizenship is Jewish."