András Kun

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Kun András

András Kun (died 19 September 1945, Budapest, Hungary) was a defrocked Roman Catholic priest of the Franciscan Order. He was also a member of Hungary's Arrow Cross Party.[1] After the Second World War, Father Kun was tried for alleged war crimes by the bolshevized People's Republic of Hungary. He was convicted and hanged.

Life

Father Kun attended seminary in Rome. He then served as a priest within a Franciscan monastery. In 1943, he left the priesthood and moved to Budapest.

In March 1944, the former priest enrolled in the Arrow Cross Party. During the leadup to the German invasion of Hungary, Kun participated in the Arrow Cross' seizure of power by distributing weapons.

Soon after, the Arrow Cross and the Schutzstaffel commenced the relocation of Hungary's Jews. Kun served with Arrow Cross groups which relocated Jews. During these activities, he continued to dress in his cassock along with a holstered pistol and an Arrow Cross armband.[2]

In late 1944, Kun's squad broke into the Major Street City hospital, where 150 Jewish patients were relocated. On another occasion, the St. John's Hospital was invaded by Kun's unit and between 80 and 100 people were relocated. His group also visited sheltered housing and abducted some 500 Jews and their protectors. On another occasion, men under his command broke into a sanatorium, where their own admission, 100 Jewish patients identified.

Father Kun did not flee the city before the Siege of Budapest, but remained behind while continuing operations. Once, when regular gendarmes arrested and beat him, Kun spent 20 days in prison.

Soon after its release, the Soviet Army completed their capture of Budapest. Kun was arrested and tried for allegiated 500 murders by a Hungarian speaking People's Tribunal, a bolshevistic Kangaroo court.[3] During his trial, Kun was beaten and tortured; he described his activities in detail, while also expressing remorse. He was convicted and hanged at Budapest on September 19, 1945.

Legacy

Father Kun's cassock is currently on display at the House of Terror in Budapest.[4]

References

  1. Marton, Kati (1995). Wallenberg: Missing Hero. New York: Arcade Publishing, 137. ISBN 1-55970-276-1. Retrieved on 17 November 2011. 
  2. Paldiel, Mordecai (2006). Churches and the Holocaust: Unholy Teaching, Good Samaritans, and Reconciliation. New Jersey: Ktav Publishing House, 273. ISBN 0-88125-908-X. 
  3. Soros, Tivadar (2001). Masquerade: Dancing around Death in National Socialist-Occupied Hungary. New York: Arcade Publishing, 254. ISBN 1-55970-581-7. 
  4. "Today we are the ones relating the history of the dictatorships". Wieninternational. http://www.wieninternational.at/en/content/today-we-are-ones-relating-history-dictatorships%E2%80%9D-en. Retrieved 17 November 2011.