Alexander Graham Bell
|Alexander Graham Bell|
|Born||March 3, 1847|
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
|Died||August 2, 1922 (aged 75)|
Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, Canada
|Cause of death||Complications from diabetes|
|Education||University of Edinburgh|
University College London
Professor (Boston University)
Teacher of the deaf
|Known for||Inventing the Telephone|
|Children||(4) Two sons who died in infancy and two daughters|
|Parents||Alexander Melville Bell|
Eliza Grace Symonds Bell
|Relatives||Gardiner Greene Hubbard (father-in-law)|
Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor (son-in-law)
Melville Bell Grosvenor (grandson)
Gilbert Melville Grosvenor (great-grandson)
Chichester Bell (cousin)
Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech, and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. In retrospect, Bell considered his most famous invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study.
Many other inventions marked Bell's later life, including groundbreaking work in hydrofoils and aeronautics. In 1888, Alexander Graham Bell became one of the founding members of the National Geographic Society.
- Bruce 1990, p. 419.
- Black 1997, p. 18. Quote: "He thought he could harness the new electronic technology by creating a machine with a transmitter and receiver that would send sounds telegraphically to help people hear."
- MacLeod 1999, p. 19.
- National Geographic Magazine