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Events of 1992
- January 1 - Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt replaces Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru as United Nations Secretary-General.
- January 1 - George H. W. Bush becomes the first U.S. President to address the Australian Parliament.
- January 6 - Bosnian Serbs declare their own republic within Bosnia and Herzegovina, in protest of the decision by Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats to seek EC recognition.
- January 8 - George H. W. Bush is televised falling violently ill at a state dinner in Japan, vomiting into the lap of Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa and fainting.
- January 11 - Singer Paul Simon is the first major artist to tour South Africa after the end of the cultural boycott.
- January 12 - The second round of Algeria's general elections is cancelled when the first round is favorable to the Islamic Salvation Front.
- January 13 - Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
- January 15 - The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia begins to break up. Slovenia and Croatia gain independence and international recognition in some Western countries.
- January 16 - El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign a pact in Mexico City ending a 12-year civil war that claimed at least 75,000 lives.
- January 22 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
- January 22 - STS-42: Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space, aboard Space Shuttle Discovery.
- January 26 - Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
- January 26 - The Washington Redskins defeat the Buffalo Bills 37-24 in Super Bowl XXVI at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- February 1 - Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal Court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case, and orders the Indian government to press for an extradition from United States.
- February 7 - The Maastricht Treaty is signed, founding the European Union.
- February 8 - The opening ceremony for the 1992 Winter Olympics were held in Albertville.
- February 10 - In Indianapolis, Indiana, boxer Mike Tyson is convicted of raping Desiree Washington.
- February 10 - Tom Harkin wins the Iowa Democratic Caucus.
- February 11 - An F-16 jet crashes into a residential district of Hengelo, the Netherlands; no casualties are reported.
- February 17 - A court in Milwaukee, Wisconsin sentences serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer to life in prison.
- February 18 - Iraq disarmament crisis: The Executive Chairman of UNSCOM details Iraq's refusal to abide by UN Security Council disarmament resolutions.
- February 18 - In New Hampshire, U.S. President George H.W. Bush defeats Pat Buchanan in the Republican primary; Paul Tsongas leads the Democratic candidates.
- February 20 - The English FA Premier League is officially formed. The first games will be played at the beginning of the new football season on 15 August, and its founder members will be the teams who finish in the top 19 places of this season's Football League First Division and the 3 teams who win promotion from the Second Division.
- February 21 - The United Nations Security Council approves United Nations Resolution 743 to send a UNPROFOR peacekeeping force to Yugoslavia.
- February 23 - The closing ceremony of the 1992 Winter Olympics were held in Albertville.
- February 25-February 26 - Massacre of 613 Azerbaijani civilians in Khojaly.
- February 26 - The Supreme Court of Ireland rules that a 14-year-old rape victim may travel to England to have an abortion.
- March 1 - After a majority of the Bosniak and Bosnian Croat communities vote for Bosnian independence, Serb snipers fire on civilians.
- March 3 - 263 die in Turkey's worst coal mine disaster near Zonguldak.
- March 9 - The People's Republic of China ratifies the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
- March 10 - On 'Super Tuesday', U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton win most of the primaries held.
- March 12 - Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- March 12 - A tram-car crashes into a crowd of people at the tram-station at Vasaplatsen in Gothenburg, Sweden; 13 are killed and several injured.
- March 13 - In eastern Turkey, an earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500.
- March 17 - A suicide car-bomb goes off in the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, killing 29 and injuring 242.
- March 18 - On CNN's Larry King Live, Texas billionaire H. Ross Perot announces that he will run for U.S. President as an independent, if volunteers put him on the ballot in all 50 states.
- March 18 - Windows 3.1 released.
- March 24 - The 64th Academy Awards, hosted by Billy Crystal, are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California, with The Silence of the Lambs winning Best Picture.
- April 1 - CBS News launches Up to the Minute, an overnight news program.
- April 2 - In New York, Mafia boss John Gotti is convicted of the murder of mob boss Paul Castellano and racketeering, and is later sentenced to life in prison.
- April 5 - The Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (without the presence of Serbian political delegates) proclaims independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- April 8 - Punch magazine publishes its final issue.
- April 9 - A Miami, Florida jury convicts former Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega of assisting Colombia's cocaine cartel.
- April 9 - United Kingdom general election, 1992: the Conservative Party, led by John Major, is unexpectedly re-elected.
- April 10 - A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes in the Baltic Exchange in the City of London; 3 are killed, 91 injured.
- April 12 - Disneyland Paris officially opens under the name "EuroDisney".
- April 13 - Roermond, the Netherlands, is rocked by an earthquake along the Peel Fault.
- April 14 - first light on the Keck 1 telescope with fully-filled mirror
- April 15 - The National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
- April 20 - Seville's 6-month Universal Exhibition opens, called Seville Expo '92, in the city of Seville, Spain.
- April 20 - The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert, held at Wembley Stadium, is televised live to over 1 billion people and raises millions of dollars for AIDS research.
- April 21 - The death of Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia results in a succession dispute between Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia and Vladimir's daughter Maria for the leadership of the Imperial Family of Russia.
- April 22 - Fuel that has leaked into a sewer explodes in Guadalajara, Mexico; 215 are killed, 1500 injured.
- April 27 - Betty Boothroyd is elected the first woman to be Speaker of the British House of Commons.
- April 28 - The 2 remaining countries of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro - form a new state, named the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (after 2003, Serbia and Montenegro), bringing to an end the union of Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins, Bosnian Muslims and Macedonians that existed from 1918 (with the exception of the period during World War II).
- April 29 - In Simi Valley, California, a jury acquitted four LAPD police officers accused of excessive force in the videotaped beating of black motorist Rodney King, causing the 1992 Los Angeles riots and leading to 53 deaths and $1 billion in damage.
- May 1 - Eric Houston of Yuba County kills 4, injures 9, and holds many others hostage at Lindhurst High School, Olivehurst, California.
- May 5 - Alabama ratifies a 202-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a midterm or retroactive pay raise.
- May 5 - Russian leaders in Crimea declare their separation from Ukraine as a new republic. They withdraw the secession on May 10.
- May 10 - Sweden wins the Ice Hockey World Championships in Prague.
- May 13 - Falun Gong introduced by Li Hongzhi.
- May 15 - The Genoa Expo '92 World's Fair opens in Genoa, Italy.
- May 16 - STS-49: Space Shuttle Endeavour lands safely after a successful maiden voyage.
- May 19 - In Massapequa, New York, Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco.
- May 19 - In San Francisco, U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle gives his famous Murphy Brown speech.
- May 23 - A Mafia bomb kills Italian anti-Mafia judge Giovanni Falcone.
- May 25 - Jay Leno becomes the new host of NBC's Tonight Show, following the retirement of Johnny Carson.
- May 25 - Lindy Chamberlain receives compensation for wrongful conviction.
- May 26 - Charles Geschke, President of Adobe Systems, is kidnapped from his company parking lot. Kidnappers demand ransom for $650,000 - they are later apprehended.
- June 1 - Kentucky celebrates its bicentennial statehood.
- June 1 - Terrorist Carlos (the Jackal) is sentenced to life imprisonment.
- June 1 - The Pittsburgh Penguins sweep the Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games in the 1992 Stanley Cup Finals.
- June 3 - Four nuclear missiles are launched into the Pacific Ocean.
- June 8 - The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- June 14 - The Chicago Bulls win their 2nd NBA championship by defeating the Portland Trailblazers in the best-of-7 series 4 games to 2.
- June 15 - During a spelling bee at a Trenton, New Jersey elementary school, U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle erroneously corrects a student's spelling of the word potato, by indicating it should have an e at the end.
- June 17 - A 'Joint Understanding' agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this is later codified in START II).
- June 20 - In Estonia, kroon replaces Soviet ruble.
- June 22 - Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg are identified as Czar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra.
- June 22 - Radio Wimbledon, the Official Radio Station of the Wimbledon Tennis Championships is launched.
- June 23 - Mafia boss John Gotti is sentenced to life in prison, after being found guilty of conspiracy to commit murder and racketeering on April 2.
- June 26 - Denmark beats Germany 2-0 to win the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship at Ullevi Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden.
- June 28 - A magnitude 7.3 earthquake strikes Landers, California, followed by a magnitude 6.4 aftershock 8km south-east of Big Bear Lake, California.
- June 28 - Estonia holds a referendum on its constitution.
- June 29 - A bodyguard assassinates President Muhammad Boudiaf of Algeria.
- June 30 - Former Philippine President Fidel Ramos becomes the 12th President of the Philippines.
- July 6-July 29 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq refuses a U.N. inspection team access to the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture. UNSCOM claims that it has reliable information that the site contains archives related to illegal weapons activities. U.N. Inspectors stage a 17-day "sit-in" outside of the building, but leave when their safety is threatened by Iraqi soldiers.
- July 10 - In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
- July 16 - Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton is nominated for U.S. President and Tennessee Senator Al Gore for Vice President, at the Democratic National Convention in New York City.
- July 20 - Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
- July 22 - Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison, fearing extradition to the United States.
- July 25-August 9 - The 1992 Summer Olympics are held in Barcelona, Spain.
- August 10 - The UK government bans the Ulster Defence Association, a loyalist paramilitary organisation that had been legal for twenty years.
- August 11 - The largest shopping mall in the US, Minnesota's Mall of America is constructed spanning 78 acres (316,000 m²)
- August 14 - Nigel Mansell wins the 1992 Formula One World Drivers Championship.
- August 17 - U.S. Marshalls start the siege of Ruby Ridge.
- August 18 - Wang Laboratories files for bankruptcy.
- August 20 - Kristiansund's connection to the main land of Norway, Krifast, opens.
- August 20 - The Republican National Convention in Houston, Texas renominates U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle. Pat Buchanan, one of Bush's opponents in the primaries, delivers a controversial convention speech, in which he refers to a "religious war" in the country.
- August 21-August 22 - Events at Ruby Ridge, Idaho are sparked by a Federal Marshal surveillance team, resulting in the death of a Marshal, Sam Weaver and his dog and the next day the wounding of Randy Weaver, the death of his wife Vicki and the wounding of Kevin Harris.
- August 24-August 28 - Hurricane Andrew hits South Florida and dissipates over the Tennessee valley when it merges with a storm system; 23 are killed.
- August 30 - Michael Schumacher wins his first Grand Prix in Belgium at Spa-Francorchamps in a Benetton-Ford.
- September 11 - Hurricane Iniki hits the Hawaiian Islands, Kauai and Oahu.
- September 12 - STS-47: Dr. Mae Jemison becomes the first African-American woman to travel into space, aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour.
- September 15 – Mihkel Mathiesen assumes presidency of the pre-WW II Republic of Estonia in exile, and appoints a new government in pursuit to avoid abolition of the government in exile.
- September 16 - The Pound Sterling and the Italian Lira are forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (Black Wednesday).
- September 17 - Two Kurdish opposition leaders are assassinated by the Iranian Kazem Darabi and the Lebanese Abbas Rhayel.
- September 18 - Undaunted by his earlier withdrawal, supporters of U.S. presidential candidate H. Ross Perot succeed in getting his name on the ballot in all 50 states.
- September 23 - A large Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb destroys the forensic laboratories in Belfast.
- September 24 - The Kentucky Supreme Court, in Kentucky v. Wasson, holds that laws criminalizing same-sex sodomy are unconstitutional, and accurately predicts that other states and the nation will eventually rule the same way.
- October 1 - Pittsburgh International Airport's new facility is opened in Findlay Township, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The new terminal is built as an expansion for USAir and an upgrade from the older Pittsburgh International Airport facility.
- October 1 - H. Ross Perot re-enters the 1992 U.S. presidential campaign.
- October 2 - A riot breaks out in the Carandiru prison system in São Paulo, Brazil, resulting in the Carandiru Massacre.
- October 3 - After performing a song protesting child abuse of the Catholic Church, Sinead O'Connor rips up a photo of Pope John Paul II on Saturday Night Live, causing huge controversy, leading the switchboards at NBC to ring off the hook.
- October 4 - The Bijlmerramp disaster: An Israeli plane containing chemical weapon precursors crashes in Amsterdam, the Netherlands ; 43 are killed, many more injured.
- October 6 - Lennart Meri becomes the first president of re-independent Estonia.
- October 9 - A 13-kilogram (29-pound) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
- October 9 - The Chief of Naval Operations adopts the US Navy's core values: Honor,Courage and Commitment.
- October 12 - In Dominican Republic, Pope John Paul II congregates to celebrate the 500th anniversary on the meeting of 2 cultures.
- October 15 - In Russia, Andrei Chikatilo is found guilty of 52 serial murders.
- October 17 - Yoshihiro Hattori, a 16-year-old Japanese exchange student, mistakes the address of a party and is shot dead after knocking on the wrong door in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The shooter, Rodney Peairs, is later acquitted, sparking outrage in Japan.
- October 24 - The Toronto Blue Jays win the World Series in 6 games, making them the first Canadian team to win.
- October 25 - Lithuania holds a referendum on its first constitution after declaring independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
- October 26 - In Canada, the Charlottetown Accord is defeated in a national referendum.
- October 29 - The Food and Drug Administration approves Depo Provera for use as a contraceptive in the United States.
- October 31 - Pope John Paul II issues an apology, and lifts the edict of the Inquisition against Galileo Galilei.
- November 3 - U.S. presidential election, 1992: Bill Clinton defeats incumbent U.S. President George H.W. Bush and businessman H. Ross Perot.
- November 5 - Bobby Fischer wins the 30th game in the 5 million dollar match for the world chess championship against Boris Spassky and remains world champion.
- November 11 - The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
- November 20 - In England, a fire breaks out in the Private Chapel room of Windsor Castle, rages for 15 hours, and seriously damages the northwest side of the building (an investigation found that the fire was ignited after a spotlight came into contact with a curtain over an extended period).
- November 24 - In the People's Republic of China, a China Southern Airlines domestic flight crashes, killing all 141 people on-board.
- November 24 - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom describes this year as an Annus Horribilis (horrible year), due to various scandals damaging the image of the Royal Family, as well as the Windsor Castle fire.
- November 25 - The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, starting on January 1, 1993.
- November 30 - The trial of 14 South Vietnamese accused of murdering 24 North Vietnamese begins in Hong Kong (ends November 29, 1994).
- December 3 - UN Security Council Resolution 794 is unanimously passed, approving a coalition of United Nations peacekeepers led by the United States to form UNITAF, tasked with ensuring humanitarian aid gets distributed and establishing peace in Somalia.
- December 3 - The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while on approach to La Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.
- December 4 - U.S. military forces land in Somalia.
- December 5 - Kent Conrad of North Dakota resigns his seat in the United States Senate and is sworn into the other seat from North Dakota, becoming the only U.S. Senator ever to have held 2 seats on the same day.
- December 6 - Hindu extremists demolish Babri Masjid (a 16th century mosque) in Ayodhya, India.
- December 8 - The last blast is fired at the Falu Copper Mine in Falun, Sweden, after a millennium of continuous operation.
- December 12 - An earthquake hits Flores, Indonesia, leaving 2,500 dead.
- December 20 - The Folies Bergere music hall in Paris, France closes.
- December 21 - A Dutch DC-10, flight Martinair MP 495, crashes at Faro Airport (Portugal), killing 56 people.
- December 29 - Brazil's president Fernando Collor de Mello is found guilty on charges that he stole more than $32 million from the government, preventing him from holding any elected office for eight years.