1955 1956 1957 - 1958 - 1959 1960 1961
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Events of 1958
- January 4 - Sputnik 1 (launched on October 4, 1957) falls to Earth from its orbit.
- January 8 - 14-year-old Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship.
- January 31 - The first successful American satellite, Explorer 1, is launched into orbit.
- February 1 - Egypt and Syria unite to form the United Arab Republic.
- February 2 - The word Aerospace is coined, from the words Aircraft (aero) and Spacecraft (space), taking into consideration that the Earth's atmosphere and outerspace is to be one, or a single realm.
- February 5 - Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
- February 5 - The Tybee Bomb, a 7,600 pound (3,500 kg) Mark 15 hydrogen bomb, is lost in the waters off Savannah, Georgia.
- February 6 - Munich air disaster: 23 are killed, including 8 players for Manchester United.
- February 11 - Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Zhou Enlai as Chinese Minister of Foreign affairs.
- February 14 - The Hashemite Kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan unite in the Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan with Iraqi King Faisal II as head of state.
- February 17 - Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare the patron saint of television.
- February 20 - A test rocket explodes at Cape Canaveral.
- February 21 - A peace symbol is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom, commissioned by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.
- February 23 - Arturo Frondizi is elected president of Argentina.
- February 24 - In Cuba, Fidel Castro's Radio Rebelde begins broadcasting from Sierra Maestra.
- February 25 - Bertrand Russell launches the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
- March 1 - The Turkish passenger ship Uskudar capsizes and sinks at Izmit Bay, Kocaeli, Turkey; at least 300 die.
- March 2 - A British team led by Sir Vivian Fuchs completes the first crossing of the Antarctic in Snow-cat caterpillar tractors and dogsled teams in 99 days.
- March 8 - The USS Wisconsin is decommissioned, leaving the United States Navy without an active battleship for the first time since 1896 (it is recommissioned October 22, 1988).
- March 11 - A U.S. B-47 bomber accidentally drops an atom bomb on Mars Bluff, South Carolina. Its conventional explosives destroy a house and injure several people, but no nuclear fission occurs.
- March 17 - The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
- March 25 - Canada's Avro Arrow makes its debut flight.
- March 26 - The United States Army launches Explorer 3.
- March 27 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
- April 3 - Castro's revolutionary army begins its attacks on Havana.
- April 4 - April 7 - In the first protest march for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament from Hyde Park, London to Aldermaston, Berkshire, demonstrators demand the banning of nuclear weapons.
- April 14 - The satellite Sputnik 2 disintegrates in space after several orbits.
- April 14 - Van Cliburn wins the Tchaikovsky International Competition for pianists in Moscow, breaking Cold War tensions.
- April 17 - King Baudouin of Belgium officially opens the World Fair in Brussels, also known as Expo '58.
- May 1 - Arturo Frondizi becomes President of Argentina.
- May 12 - A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
- May 13 - French Algerian protesters seize government offices in Algiers, leading to a military coup.
- May 13 - During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard M. Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
- May 15 - The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
- May 18 - An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1404.19 mi/h.
- May 20 - Fulgencio Batista's government launches a counteroffensive against Castro's rebels.
- May 30 - The bodies of unidentified soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
- June 1 - Charles de Gaulle comes out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
- June 4 - French President Charles De Gaulle visits Algeria.
- June 16 - Imre Nagy is hanged for treason in Hungary.
- June 27 - The Peronist Party becomes legal again in Argentina.
- July 5 - Gasherbrum I, the 11th highest mountain in the world, is first ascended.
- July 7 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
- July 9 - A 7.5 Richter scale earthquake in Lituya Bay, Alaska, causes a landslide that produces a huge 520-meter high wave
- July 14 - Iraqi Revolution: The Iraqi monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists, King Faisal II is murdered and Abdul Karim Qassim assumes power.
- July 15 - In Lebanon, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to protect the pro-Western government there.
- July 17 - British paratroopers arrive in Jordan; King Hussein has asked help against pressure from Iraq.
- July 20 - Various rebel groups in Cuba join forces but the communists do not join them.
- July 26 - Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom gives her son Charles the title of Prince of Wales.
- July 29 - The U.S. Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
- August 3 - The nuclear powered submarine USS Nautilus (SSN-571) becomes the first vessel to cross the North Pole under water.
- August 14 - A 4-engine Super Constellation aircraft belonging to KLM crashes into the sea with 99 people on board (the worst crash in civil aviation history up to that time).
- August 17 - The first Thor space craft is launched, carrying Pioneer 0 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 17 and fails with a first stage malfunction.
- August 23 - Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
- August 27 - Operation Argus: The United States begins nuclear tests over the South Atlantic.
- August 30 – September 1 - Riots between blacks and whites occur in Notting Hill, London.
- September 1 - The first Cod War begins between UK and Iceland.
- September 6 - Paul Robeson performs in concert at the Soviet Young Pioneer camp Artek.
- September 12 - Jack St. Clair Kilby invents the first integrated circuit.
- September 14 - Two rockets designed by German engineer Ernst Mohr (the first German post-war rockets) reach the upper atmosphere.
- September 27 - Typhoon Ida kills at least 1,269 in Honshū, Japan.
- September 28 - In France, a majority of 79% says yes to the constitution of the Fifth Republic.
- September 30 - The U.S.S.R. performs a nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya.
- October 1 - Tunisia and Morocco join the Arab League.
- October 1 - NASA starts operations and replaces the NACA.
- October 2 - Guinea declares itself independent from France.
- October 4 - BOAC uses the new De Havilland Comet jets, to become the first airline to fly jet passenger services across the Atlantic.
- October 9 - Pope Pius XII dies.
- October 11 - Pioneer 1, the second and most successful of 3 project Able space probes, becomes the first spacecraft launched by the newly formed NASA.
- October 12 - The bombing of the Hebrew Benevolent Congregation Temple in Atlanta, Georgia.
- October 28 - Pope John XXIII succeeds Pope Pius XII as the 261st pope.
- November 3 - The new UNESCO building is inaugurated in Paris.
- November 22 - The Menzies government in Australia is re-elected for a 5th term.
- November 25 - French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.
- November 28 - Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community.
- November 30 - Gaullists win parliamentary elections in France.
- December 1 - Adolfo López Mateos takes office as President of Mexico.
- December 1 - The Central African Republic becomes independent from France.
- December 1 - At least 90 students and 3 nuns are killed in a fire at Our Lady of the Angels School in Chicago.
- December 5 - The Preston bypass, the United Kingdom's first motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. This stretch is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
- December 6 - The 3rd launch of a Thor space craft carrying Pioneer 2 is unsuccessful, due to a 3rd stage ignition failure.
- December 9 - The right-wing John Birch Society is founded in the USA by Robert Welch, a retired candy manufacturer.
- December 14 - The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first ever to reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility.
- December 19 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower broadcasts a message from a Project SCORE satellite.
- December 21 - General Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France with 78.5% of the votes.
- December 24 - A BOAC Bristol Britannia (312 G-AOVD) crashes near Winkton, England during a test flight.
- December 29 - Rebel troops under Che Guevara begin to invade Santa Clara, Cuba.