1951 1952 1953 - 1954 - 1955 1956 1957
1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s
Events of 1954
- January 1 - The Soviet Union ceases to demand war reparations from East Germany.
- January 12 - Avalanches in Austria kill more than 20.
- January 15 - Mau Mau leader Waruhiu Itote is captured in Kenya.
- January 17 - In Yugoslavia, Milovan Djilas, one of the leading members of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, is relieved of his duties.
- January 21 - The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut, by First Lady of the United States Mamie Eisenhower.
- January 25 - The foreign ministers of the United States, Britain, France and the Soviet Union meet at the Berlin Conference.
- February 3 - Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first reigning monarch to visit Australia.
- February 10 - After authorizing $385 million over the $400 million already budgeted for military aid to Vietnam, U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.
- February 23 - The first mass vaccination of children against polio begins in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
- February 25 - Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes premier of Egypt.
- March 1 - U.S. officials announce that a hydrogen bomb test has been conducted on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
- March 1 - U.S. Capitol shooting incident: Four Puerto Rican nationalists open fire in the United States House of Representatives chamber and wound 5; they are apprehended by security guards.
- March 12 - Finland and Germany officially end their state of war.
- March 13 - French troops begin the battle against the Vietminh in Dien Bien Phu.
- March 23 - In Vietnam, the Viet Minh capture the main airstrip of Dien Bien Phu; French forces are partially isolated.
- March 25 - RCA manufactures the first color TV set (12" screen; price: $1,000).
- March 25 - The Soviet Union recognizes the sovereignty of East Germany but Soviet troops remain in the country.
- March 27 - The Castle Romeo nuclear test explosion is executed.
- March 30 - Canada's first subway line opens in Toronto.
- April 1 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
- April 3 - Vladimir Petrov defects from the Soviet Union and asks for political asylum in Australia.
- April 7 - Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "domino theory" speech during a news conference.
- April 14 - Aneurin Bevan resigns from the UK Labour shadow cabinet.
- April 16 - Vice President Richard Nixon announces that the United States may be “putting our own boys in Indochina regardless of Allied support.”
- April 22 - Senator Joseph McCarthy begins hearings investigating the United States Army for being "soft" on Communism.
- May 6 - Roger Bannister runs the first four-minute mile.
- May 7 - Vietnam War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
- May 14 - The Boeing 707 is released after about two years of development.
- May 17 - Brown v. Board of Education (347 US 483 1954): The United States Supreme Court rules that segregated schools are unconstitutional.
- May 17 - The Petrov Royal Commission in Australia begins its inquiry.
- May 20 - Chiang Kai-shek is reelected president of the Republic of China by the National Assembly.
- May 22 - The common Nordic Labour Market act is signed.
- May 29 - Robert Menzies's government is re-elected for a 4th term in Australia.
- June 14 - The words "under God" are added to the United States Pledge of Allegiance.
- June 17 - A CIA-engineered military coup occurs in Guatemala.
- June 18 - Pierre Mendès-France becomes prime minister of France.
- June 27 - Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán steps down in a CIA-sponsored military coup, triggering a bloody civil war that continues for more than 35 years.
- June 27 - The world's first atomic power station opens at Obninsk, near Moscow.
- July 1 - The common Nordic Labour Market act comes into power.
- July 1 The United States officially begins using the international unit of the nautical mile, equal to 6,076.11549 ft. or 1,852 meters.
- July 4 - Meat, the last form of food rationing in Britain, ends.
- July 15 - The maiden flight of the Boeing 707 occurs.
- July 21 - First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
- August 24 - Brazilian president Getulio Vargas commits suicide, after being accused of conspiracy to murder an air force officer.
- September 6 - The SEATO treaty is signed in Manila, Philippines.
- September 8 - The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established in Bangkok, Thailand.
- September 9 - An earthquake centered on the city of Orleansville, Algeria kills 1,500 and leaves thousands homeless.
- September 14 - The USSR tests a nuclear weapon.
- September 26 - The Japanese ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait; more than 1,100 die.
- September 30 - The USS Nautilus, 1st atomic-powered submarine, is commissioned by the US Navy.
- October 11 - Vietnam War: The Viet Minh takes control of North Vietnam.
- October 11 - Hurricane Hazel crosses over Haiti, killing 1,000.
- October 15 - Hurricane Hazel makes U.S. landfall; it is the only recorded Category 4 hurricane to strike as far north as North Carolina.
- October 18 - Texas Instruments announces the development of the first transistor radio.
- October 20 - A dock workers' strike expands in England.
- October 23 - West Germany joins NATO.
- October 25 - Landslides caused by heavy rains hit Salerno, Italy, killing about 300.
- October 26 - Muslim Brotherhood member Mahmoud Abdul Latif tries to kill Gamal Abdal Nasser.
- October 31 - Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
- November 1 - The FLN attacks representative and public buildings of the French colonial power.
- November 2 - The dock workers' strike in England ends.
- November 5 - Japan and Burma sign a separate peace treaty in Rangoon, to end their formal state of war.
- November 10 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the USMC War Memorial (Iwo Jima memorial) in Arlington National Cemetery.
- November 12 - The main immigration port-of-entry in New York Harbor at Ellis Island closes.
- November 14 - Egyptian president Mohammed Naguib is deposed; Gamal Abdel Nasser replaces him.
- November 23 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises 3.27 points, or 0.86%, closing at an all-time high of 382.74. More significantly, this is the first time the Dow has surpassed its 1929 peak level reached just before that year's crash.
- November 30 - In Sylacauga, Alabama, a 4 kg piece of the Hodges Meteorite crashes through the roof of a house and badly bruises a napping woman, in the first documented case of an object from outer space hitting a person.
- December 1 The first Hyatt Hotel, The Hyatt House Los Angeles, opens. It is the first hotel in the world built outside of an airport.
- December 2 - The Taiwan-United States Mutual Defense Treaty is signed. 
- December 24 - Laos gains full independence from France.
- February 26 - Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey
- May 14 - Bruce Pierce, White nationalist and member of The Order (d. 2010)
- July 17 - Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
- July 28 - Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela (d. 2013)
- October 14 - Mordechai Vanunu - former Israeli nuclear technician
- November 14 - Condoleezza Rice, former United States Secretary of State
- April 22 - Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels, Austrian occultist and founder of the Ariosophy movement (b. 1874)
- April 22 - Samuel Dickstein, New York congressman and paid NKVD agent. (b. 1885)
- October 1 - George W. Armstrong, author and nationalist millionaire (b. 1866)
- December 1 - Leon Milton Birkhead, Unitarian pastor (b. 1885)