1949 1950 1951 - 1952 - 1953 1954 1955
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Events of 1952
- January 8 - West Germany has 8 million refugees inside its borders.
- January 24 - A sudden heavy snowfall hits Algeria.
- January 24 - Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canada-born Governor-General of Canada.
- February 2 - A tropical storm forms just north of Cuba moving northeast. The storm makes landfall in southern Florida the next day. It is the earliest reported landfall from a tropical storm, and the earliest formation of a tropical storm on record in the Atlantic basin.
- February 6 - Elizabeth II becomes Queen upon the death of her father George VI. She is simultaneously proclaimed Queen of Canada at Rideau Hall, Ottawa, Ontario.
- February 6 - In the United States, a mechanical heart is used for the first time in a human patient.
- February 7 - Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom at St. James's Palace, London, England.
- February 14 - February 25 - The Winter Olympics are held in Oslo.
- February 15 - The funeral of King George VI takes place at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.
- February 20 - Winston Churchill scraps UK compulsory national Identity Cards.
- February 21 - In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) police open fire on a procession of students, killing 4 people and starting a country-wide protest which leads to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national languages of Pakistan. The day is later declared "International Mother Language Day" by UNESCO.
- February 26 - United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill announces that his nation has an atomic bomb.
- March 10 - General Fulgencio Batista re-takes power in Cuba.
- March 15 - March 16 - 73 inches (1,870mm) of rain falls in Cilaos, Réunion, the most rainfall ever in one day.
- March 20 - The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.
- March 21 - The last two executions in the Netherlands take place.
- March 21 - Dr. Kwame Nkrumah is elected Prime Minister of the Gold Coast.
- March 21 - Tornadoes ravage the lower Mississippi River Valley, leaving 208 dead, through March 22.
- March 27 - Konrad Adenauer survives an assassination attempt.
- March 29 - U.S. President Harry S. Truman announces that he will not seek reelection.
- April 4 - In the Hague Tribunal, Israel demands reparations worth 3 billion dollars from Germany.
- April 4 - West Ice accidents: During a severe storm in the West Ice, east of Greenland, 78 seal hunters on 5 Norwegian seal hunting vessels perish without a trace.
- April 8 - Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer: The U.S. Supreme Court limits the power of the President to seize private business, after President Harry S. Truman nationalizes all steel mills in the United States, just before the 1952 steel strike begins.
- April 9 - Hugo Ballivián's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, which starts a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines.
- April 11 - Battle of Nanri Island: The Republic of China seizes the island from the Peoples' Republic of China.
- April 15 - The United States B-52 Stratofortress flies for the first time.
- April 18 - Bolivia National Revolution: A universal vote enables indigenous peoples and women to vote, nationalizes mines and enacts agrarian reform.
- April 18 - West Germany and Japan form diplomatic relations.
- April 23 - A nuclear test is held in the Nevada desert.
- April 28 - The Treaty of San Francisco goes into effect, formally ending the occupation of Japan.
- April 28 - The Treaty of Taipei is signed between Japan and the Republic of China.
- April 29 - Lever House officially opens in New York City, heralding a new age of commercial architecture in the United States.
- May 1 - East Germany threatens to form its own army.
- May 2 - The first passenger jet flight route between London and Johannesburg.
- May 3 - U.S. lieutenant colonels Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict land a plane at the geographic North Pole.
- May 6 - Farouk of Egypt has himself announced as a descendant of prophet Muhammad.
- May 13 - Pandit Nehru forms his first government in India.
- May 15 - Diplomatic relations are established between the governments of Israel and Japan at the level of legations.
- May 18 - Ann Davison becomes the first woman to single-handedly sail the Atlantic Ocean.
- June 1 - The Roman Catholic Church bans the books of André Gide.
- June 1 - Navigation opens on the Volga-Don Canal, connecting the Caspian Sea basin with that of the Black Sea.
- June 5 - Remains of a Viking ship are found near Boston, Massachusetts.
- June 14 - The keel is laid for the U.S. nuclear submarine USS Nautilus.
- June 15 - The fraudulent Diary of Anne Frank is published.
- June 19 - The United States Army Special Forces is created
- June 30 - Marshall Aid ends in Europe.
- July 13 - East Germany announces the formation of its National People's Army.
- July 19 – August 3 - The Summer Olympic Games are held in Helsinki.
- July 21 - A magnitude 7.5 earthquake (Richter scale) strikes Tehachapi, California, destroying unreinforced brick buildings.
- July 23 - The European Coal and Steel Community is established.
- July 23 - General Mohammed Naguib leads The Free Officers (formed by Gamal Abdel Nasser - the real power behind the coup) in the overthrow of King Farouk of Egypt.
- July 25 - Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.
- August 11 - The Jordanian army forces King Talal to resign due to mental illness; his successor is his son Hussein of Jordan.
- August 13 - Japan joins IMF.
- August 14 - West Germany joins the IMF and the World Bank.
- August 16 - Lynmouth, North Devon, England is devastated by floods; 34 die.
- August 26 - A British passenger jet flies twice over the Atlantic Ocean in the same day.
- August 27 - Reparation negotiations between West Germany and Israel end in Luxembourg; Germany will pay 3 billion Deutsche Marks.
- August 30 - The last Finnish war reparations are sent to the Soviet Union.
- September 2 - Dr. C. Walton Lillehei and Dr. F. John Lewis perform the first open-heart surgery at the University of Minnesota.
- September 6 - TV debuts in Canada as the CBC in Montreal, Quebec airs.
- September 8 - CBC Toronto debuts.
- September 18 - The Soviet Union vetoes Japan's application for membership in the United Nations.
- October 8 - Negotiations for a ceasefire in Korea are postponed.
- October 8 - A 3-train crash in the Harrow railway station in England kills 112.
- October 14 - The United Nations begins work in the new United Nations building in New York City.
- October 17 - Indonesian troops led by General Nasution surround the presidential palace, seeking the dismissal of the People's Representative Council; Sukarno avoids confrontation.
- October 19 - Alain Bombard begins to sail from the Canary Islands to Barbados in 65 days; he reaches them December 23.
- October 19 - John Bamford, aged 15, rescues victims of a house fire and becomes the youngest person to have been awarded the George Cross.
- October 20 - Martial law is declared in Kenya due to the Mau Mau uprising.
- November 1 - Nuclear testing: Operation Ivy: The United States successfully detonates the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike", at Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean, with a yield of 10.4 megatons.
- November 4 - An 8.25 Richter scale earthquake hits the Kamchatka Peninsula.
- November 4 - United States presidential election, 1952: Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower defeats Democrat Adlai Stevenson.
- November 4 - The U.S. National Security Agency is founded.
- November 18 - Jomo Kenyatta is arrested in Kenya for an alleged connection to the Mau Mau uprising.
- November 20 - Slánský trials: A series of Stalinist and largely anti-Semitic show trials are held in Czechoslovakia.
- November 20 - The first official passenger flight over the North Pole is made from Los Angeles to Copenhagen.
- November 21 - A show trial in Czechoslovakia sentences 11 ex-communist officials (all of them Jews) to death.
- November 29 - Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a political campaign promise, by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.
- December 1 - Adolfo Ruiz Cortines takes office as President of Mexico.
- December 1 - The New York Daily News carries a front page story announcing that Christine Jorgensen, a transsexual woman in Denmark, has become the recipient of the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
- December 4 - Great Smog of 1952: A "killer fog" descends on London (in the process coining the word "Smog", for "smoke" and "fog").
- December 14 - The first successful surgical separation of Siamese twins is conducted in Mount Sinai Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio.
- December 20 - The crash of a U.S. Air Force C-124 Globemaster at Moses Lake, WA kills 86 servicemen.
- December 25 - One West German soldier is killed in a shooting incident in West Berlin.
- December 26 - Joseph Ivor Linton, the first Israeli Minister Plenipotentiary in Japan, presents his credentials to the Japanese Emperor.