1931 1932 1933 - 1934 - 1935 1936 1937
1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s
Events of 1934
- January 1
- January 10 - Execution of Marinus van der Lubbe.
- January 13 - The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
- January 24 - Einstein visits the White House
- January 26 - The 10 year German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed by Germany and the Second Polish Republic.
- February 6 - February 6, 1934 French political crisis. The French far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon, an attempted coup against the Third Republic
- February 9 - Gaston Doumergue forms a new government in France
- February 12 - The Export-Import Bank is incorporated.
- February 12 to February 16 - Austrian Civil War
- February 16 - Commission of Government sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
- February 23 - Léopold III becomes King of Belgium.
- March 1 - Manchuria becomes Manchukuo following an invasion by the Japanese
- March 3 - John Dillinger escapes from jail in Crown Point, Indiana, using a wooden pistol
- March 8 - Prince Sigvard of Sweden loses his titles because of his marriage.
- March 12 - A coup in Estonia by Konstantin Päts and general Johan Laidoner. All parties are banned.
- March 13 - John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson and their gang rob the First National Bank in Mason City, Iowa.
- March 20 - All the police forces in Germany come under command of Heinrich Himmler
- March 20 - 1934 Great Hakodate fire, 4,170 square kilometers has lost, caused fire. Japanese authority estimated 2,165 killed, injured 9,485, 145,500 homeless. The great urban fire has worst disaster, except air bomb, earthquake fire in Japanese history.
- April 1 - Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker kill two young highway patrolmen near Grapevine, Texas.
- April 6 - Rudyard Kipling and William Butler Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
- April 14 - Black Sunday, where twenty of the worst dust storms within the Dust Bowl
- April 22 - John Dillinger and two others shoot their way out of an FBI ambush in northern Wisconsin
- May 7 - Pearl of Lao Tzu, 24 x 14 cm, is found in a giant clam off Palawan, Philippines.
- May 11 - Dust Bowl: A strong two-day dust storm removes massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst dust storms of the Dust Bowl.
- May 15
- May 23 - A team of police officers, led by Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, ambush bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow near their hide-out in Black Lake, Louisiana, killing them both.
- May 24
- May 28 - Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne, becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
- May 29 - May 31 - The Confessional Synod of the German Evangelical Church met in Barmen, Germany to write the Barmen Declaration.
- June 6 - New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Exchange Act into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- June 10 - Italy beat Czechoslovakia 2-1 after extra time to win the 1934 World Cup.
- June 12 - Political parties banned in Bulgaria
- June 14 - Max Baer defeats champion Primo Carnera for the world heavyweight boxing title.
- June 18 - Indian Reorganization Act was enacted.
- June 27 - Emir of Yemen and ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia conclude a peace treaty
- June 30
- July 1
- July 17 - Supreme court of North Dakota declares lieutenant governor of the state, Ole H. Olson, the legitimate governor and tells William Langer to resign. Langer proceeds to declare North Dakota independent. He revokes the declaration after the Supreme Court justices meet him.
- July 22 - Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
- August 2 - Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany, becoming head of state as well as Chancellor.
- August 8 - The Wehrmacht swears a personal oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler.
- August 19 - The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
- August 25 - Anti-union vigilantes seize the town of McGuffey, Ohio, during the Hardin County onion pickers strike.
- September 8 - Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner Morro Castle kills 134 people.
- September 19
- September 21 - Typhoon in Honshū, Japan - 3036 reported killed. Mainly destroy temple, schools, and other buildings at Osaka.
- September 22 - A gas explosion took place at Gresford Colliery in Wrexham, north-east Wales which led to the death of 266 miners and rescuers. This was one of the worst tragedies in Welsh mining history.
- September 28
- September 29 - Stanley Matthews makes his England debut, beginning a record 23-year international career
- October 2 - Tornado in Osaka and Kyoto destroys the rice harvest - 1660 dead, 5400 injured
- October 5 - Asturian miners rebel. (Asturias, Spain).
- October 6 - Catalonian separatists rebel
- October 9 - King Alexander of Yugoslavia and French foreign minister Louis Barthou are assassinated during the king's state visit in Marseilles.
- October 16 - The Long March of Chinese communists begins.
- October 22 - Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd shot and killed by FBI agents near East Liverpool, Ohio.
- November 13 - Italian government decreed that teachers must use a military or party uniform in a class.
- November 23 - An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This encounter leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
- November 27 - A running gun battle between FBI agents and bank robber Baby Face Nelson results in the death of one FBI agent and the mortal wounding of special agent Sam Cowley, who is still able to mortally wound Nelson.
- December 1 - In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergei Kirov is shot dead at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad by Leonid Nikolaev (it is widely thought that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin ordered this murder).
- December 5 - Abyssinia Crisis: Ethiopian and Italian troops exchange gunfire. Reported casualties for the Ethiopians are 150, and for the Italians 50.
- December 18 - Low-key fascist conference in Moreaux
- December 24 - Actor Lionel Barrymore begins what will become an annual tradition of the Golden Age of Radio - playing the role of Ebenezer Scrooge in dramatizations of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol. Barrymore will continue playing Scrooge on radio until shortly before his death in 1954. He will also make a 78-RPM record album of the classic story, which will later be released on LP.
- December 26 - American Airlines aircraft crashes in Adirondack Mountains
- December 27 - Persia becomes Iran
- December 29 - Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.