1910 1911 1912 - 1913 - 1914 1915 1916
1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s
Events of 1913
- January 13
- Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated, a public service sorority, is founded on the campus of Howard University by 22 collegiate women.
- The Irish Ulster Volunteers are reorganized into the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) by the Ulster Unionist Party, with the intention of defending Ulster against Home Rule.
- January 23 – Coup of 1913 in the Ottoman Empire: The CUP, lead by Enver Pasha, overthrows the Liberal Union coalition and introduces a military dictatorship.
- January 30 – The House of Lords rejects the third Irish Home Rule Bill.
- February 1 – New York City's Grand Central Terminal, having been rebuilt, reopens as the world's largest train station.
- February 3 – The 16th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect income taxes.
- February 4 – The trial of the remnants of the Bonnot Gang begins in France.
- February 9 – The Great Fireball Procession, a chain of slow, large meteors moving from northwest to southeast, is sighted over North America, particularly in Canada.
- February 17 – The Armory Show opens in New York City. It displays the works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th Century.
- March – The House of Romanov celebrates the 300th anniversary of their succession to the throne, amidst an outpouring of monarchist sentiment in Russia.
- March 4
- Woodrow Wilson succeeds William Howard Taft as the 28th President of the United States.
- The U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Department of Labor are established by splitting the duties of the 10-year-old Department of Commerce and Labor.
- The first U.S. law regulating the shooting of migratory birds is passed.
- March 5-March 7 – First Battle of Bud Dajo: American troops decisively defeat Moro rebels in the Philippines.
- March 7 – The British freighter Alum Chine, carrying 343 tons of dynamite, explodes in Baltimore harbour.
- March 12 – Australia begins building the new federal capital of Canberra.
- March 13 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa returns to Mexico from his self-imposed exile in the United States.
- March 18 – King George I of Greece is assassinated.
- March 20 – Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese nationalist party (KMT), is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days after.
- March 25
- Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza announces his Plan of Guadalupe, and begins his rebellion against Victoriano Huerta's government as head of the Constitutionals.
- 2 days of rain in the Miami Valley flood the region and mark the worst natural disaster in Ohio's recorded history. Dayton is especially devastated in this great flood.
- March 26 – Balkan War: Bulgarian forces take Adrianople.
- April 8 – The Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed, dictating the direct election of senators.
- April 24 – The Woolworth Building opens in New York City.
- April 26 – Mary Phagan is raped and strangled on the premises of the National Pencil Factory in Atlanta. Leo Frank is tried and convicted for the crime.
- April 29 – Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents all-purpose zipper
- May – The Paul Emile Chabas painting September Morn creates a national sensation in the U.S., and results in a court case in Chicago, Illinois.
- May 13 – Igor Sikorsky becomes the first person to pilot a 4-engine aircraft.
- May 14 – New York Governor William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100,000,000 donation from John D. Rockefeller.
- May 29 – Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring premieres in Paris, causing a riot that very night.
- May 30 – First Balkan War: A peace treaty is signed in London, ending the war.
- June 4 – Emily Davison, a British suffragette, runs out in front of the King's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled and dies 4 days later in the hospital, never having regained consciousness.
- June 13 – A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley and passengers are buried under the contents of an overhead garbage chute, that breaks in Niagara Falls, New York.
- June 15 – Bud Bagsak Massacre: U.S. troops under General John 'Black Jack' Pershing kill at least 2,000 civilians in Bud Bagsak, the Philippines.
- June 24 – Joseph Cook becomes the 6th Prime Minister of Australia.
- July 3 – The 50th anniversary commemoration of the Battle of Gettysburg draws thousands of American Civil War veterans and their families to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
- July 10 – Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C) which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States (as of 2004[update]).
- August 4 – In China, the province of Chungking declares independence; Chinese Republican forces crush the rebellion in a couple of weeks.
- August 10 – Macedonia is divided after the Second Balkan War, according to the Treaty of Bucharest.
- August 13 – Stainless steel is invented by Harry Brearley in Sheffield.
- August 15 – The Dublin Strike & Lockout begins; all trade union members are dismissed.
- August 20 – 700 feet above Buc, France, parachutist Adolphe Pegond jumps from an airplane and lands safely.
- September 19 – Francis Ouimet wins the U.S. Open by 5 strokes, becoming the first amateur to ever win the event.
- September 23 – French aviator Roland Garros crosses the Mediterranean in an airplane flying from Fréjus, France to Bizerte, Tunisia.
- September 29
- October 1 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa's troops take Torreón after a 3-day battle, when government troops retreat.
- October 3 – The United States Revenue Act of 1913 re-imposes the federal income tax and lowers basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%.
- October 9 – SS Volturno catches fire and sinks in the North Atlantic
- October 10 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, ending construction on the Panama Canal.
- October 19 – The DLRG (German Life Saving Society) is founded.
- October 31 – The Lincoln Highway, the first automobile road across the United States, is dedicated.
- November 1 – Panama Canal employees reach their highest number (56,654) since construction began in 1904.
- November 5 – The insane King Otto of Bavaria is deposed by his cousin, Prince Regent Ludwig, who assumes the title Ludwig III.
- November 6 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
- November 7-11 – The Great Lakes Storm of 1913 kills more than 250.
- November 26 – Phi Sigma Sigma, the first non-sectarian sorority, is founded at Hunter College in New York.
- December 1
- The Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line, reducing chassis assembly time from 12½ hours in October to 2 hours, 40 minutes (although Ford is not the first to use an assembly line, his successful adoption of one sparks an era of mass production).
- Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the first Balkan War, is annexed by Greece.
- December 12
- December 21 – Arthur Wynne's "word-cross", the first crossword puzzle, is published in the New York World.
- December 23 – The Federal Reserve is created by Woodrow Wilson.
- December 30 – Italy returns the Mona Lisa to France.
- December – The Gateway of India is constructed at Mumbai, to commemorate the first entry of Queen Victoria into India.
- January 9 - Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (d. 1994)
- August 16 - Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)