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1903 1904 1905 - 1906 - 1907 1908 1909
| Decades: |
1870s 1880s 1890s - 1900s - 1910s 1920s 1930s
Events of 1906
January - February
- January 1 - British India officially adopts Indian Standard Time.
- January 8 - Landslide in Haverstraw, New York kills 20.
- January 31 - earthquake in Ecuador (8.6 on the Richter scale).
- February 8 - The Liberal Party led by Henry Campbell-Bannerman win the United Kingdom general election with a large majority.
- February 11 - Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer nos.
- February 15 - Representatives of the Labour Representation Committee in the UK parliament take the name Parliamentary Labour Party.
- February 28 - Upton Sinclair publishes The Jungle, a novel depicting the life of an immigrant family in Chicago during the early 1900s.
March - April
- March 10 - Explosion in coal mine in Courrières, France kills 1060.
- March 15 - Rolls-Royce Ltd. is registered.
- March 17 - Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio
- March 18
- Traian Vuia flies a self-propelled, heavier-than-air aircraft.
- March 27 - The Alpine Club of Canada is founded in Winnipeg by Elizabeth Parker and Arthur Oliver Wheeler.
- April 7 - Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
- April 14 - First service held at African Methodist Episcopal Church in Los Angeles, CA by W.J. Seymour in a series later known as the Azusa Street Revival.
- April 18 - The 1906 San Francisco earthquake (estimated magnitude 7.8) on the San Andreas Fault destroys much of San Francisco, California, killing at least 3000, with 225,000-300,000 left homeless, $350 million in damages.
- April 23 - In Tsarist Russia, the Fundamental Laws are announced at the first state Duma.
May - June
- June 6 - Durham & South Carolina Railroad operates its first revenue train, Bonsal to Durham, North Carolina.
- June 7 - The RMS Lusitania is launched in Glasgow. It is the world's largest ship.
- June 8 - Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
- June 9-June 10 - Riots in Stockholm, Ladugårsdgärden - 50 policemen injured.
- June 22 - Haakon VII and Maud of Wales are crowned rulers of Norway.
- June 25 - Harry K. Thaw shoots architect Stanford White.
- June 29 - Mesa Verde declared a National Park.
- June 30 - United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
July - August
- July 1 - Sporting Clube de Portugal founded.
- July 6 - Second Geneva Convention.
- August 22 - The first Victor Victrola, a phonographic record player, is manufactured.
- August 23 - Unable to control a rebellion in the newly-formed Cuban republic, Pres. Tomás Estrada Palma requests U.S. intervention.
September - October
- September 5 - Brandbury Robinson throws the first legal forward pass in an American football game.
- September 18 - Typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 persons in Hong Kong.
- September 22 - Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia. At least 27 people are killed and the black-owned business district is severely damaged.
- September 24 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower the nation's first National Monument.
- September 30 - The first Gordon Bennett Cup in ballooning is held, starting in Paris. The winning team piloted the balloon "United States" landed in Fylingdales, Yorkshire.
- October 1
- October 6 - The Majlis of Iran convenes for the first time.
- October 11 - San Francisco public school board sparks United States diplomatic crisis with Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
- October 16 - Imposter Wilhelm Voigt impersonates a Prussian officer and takes over city hall in Köpenick for a short time, amusing all of Germany and other countries.
- October 23 - Aeroplane of Alberto Santos-Dumont takes off on Bagatelle in France and flies 60 meters (200 feet).
- October 28 - Creation of the Union Minière du Haut Katanga, a Belgian mining trust in Congo.
November - December
- November 3 - SOS becomes an international distress signal.
- November 9 - US President Theodore Roosevelt leaves for a trip to Panama to inspect the construction progress of the Panama Canal (the first time a sitting President of the United States makes an official trip outside of the United States).
- November 22 - Russian Prime Min. Peter Stolypin introduces agrarian reforms aimed at creating a large class of land-owning peasants.
- December 2 - HMS Dreadnought commissioned. First all-big-gun warship.
- December 4 - Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, the first inter-collegiate Greek-letter organization established for African Americans, is founded at Cornell University.
- December 6 - Creation of district of Chimbote.
- December 9 - Grace Murray Hopper, pioneer computer scientist, is born in New York City, New York.
- December 10 - Pres. Theodore Roosevelt is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in negotiating peace in the Russo-Japanese War (1905).
- December 14 - The world's first submarine, the Unterseeboot 1, enters the German navy.
- December 24 - Reginald Fessenden makes the first radio broadcast: a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech.
- December 26 - The world's first feature film, "The Story of the Kelly Gang", is released.
- December 30 - The All-India Muslim League, a political organization that represented the interests of Indian Muslims, is formed.
- March 19 - Adolf Eichmann, German officer (d. 1962)
- April 24 - William Joyce, Irish-American fascist (d. 1946)
- June 15 - Léon Degrelle, Belgian National Socialist politician and Waffen SS leader (d. 1994)
- August 19 - Philo Farnsworth, American television inventor (d. 1971)
- November 21 - George Eggleston, editor of Scribner’s Commentator (d. 1990)
- December 19 - Leonid Brezhnev, leader of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)