1896 1897 1898 - 1899 - 1900 1901 1902
1860s 1870s 1880s - 1890s - 1900s 1910s 1920s
Events of 1899
- January 1
- January 6 – Lord Curzon becomes Viceroy of India.
- January 8 – SK Rapid Wien is founded.
- January 10 – The Tau Kappa Epsilon Fraternity is founded at Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Illinois.
- January 17 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island.
- January 19 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
- January 20 – South University is founded.
- January 21 – Opel Motors opens for business.
- January 22 – The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole.
- February 2 – The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne agrees that Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne.
- February 4 – The Philippine-American War begins as hostilities break out in Manila.
- February 6 – Spanish-American War: A peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the United States Senate.
- February 12–14 – Great Blizzard of 1899: Freezing temperatures and snow extend well south into North America, including southern Florida. It is the latest in a series of disasters to Florida's citrus industry.
- February 14 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
- February 16 – Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur (the first football club in Iceland). is established.
- March 1 – In Afghanistan, Capt. George Roos-Keppel makes a sudden attack on a predatory band of Chamkannis that have been raiding in the Kurram Valley, and captures 100 prisoners with 3,000 head of cattle.
- March 2 – In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
- March 4 – Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland. A 12 m wave reaches up to 5 km inland, leaving over 400 dead.
- March 6
- March 8 – The Frankfurter Fußball-Club Victoria von 1899 (prequel for Eintracht Frankfurt) is founded.
- March 20 – At Sing Sing, Martha M. Place becomes the first woman executed in an electric chair.
- March 24 – George Dewey is made Admiral of the US Navy.
- April 15 – Students at the University of California, Berkeley steal the Stanford Axe from Stanford University yell leaders following a baseball game, thus establishing the Axe as a symbol of the rivalry between the schools.
- May 3 – Ferencvarosi Torna Club is founded.
- May 14 – Three times world champion Club Nacional de Football is founded.
- May 18 – The First Hague Peace Conference was opened in The Hague by Willem de Beaufort, Minister of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands.
- May 31 – The launch of the Harriman Alaska Expedition.
- June 12 – A tornado completely destroys the town of New Richmond, Wisconsin, killing 117 and injuring more than 200.
- June 22 – June 27 – The highest ever recorded individual cricket score, 628 not out, is made by A. E. J. Collins.
- June 25 – Three Denver, Colorado newspapers publish a story (later proved to be a fabrication) that the Chinese government under the Guangxu Emperor is going to demolish the Great Wall of China.
- June 27 – The paperclip is patented by Johan Vaaler, a Norwegian inventor.
- June 30 – Mile-a-Minute Murphy earns his famous nickname this day, after he becomes the first man to ride a bicycle for one mile in under a minute on Long Island.
- July 17
- July 19 – The Newsboys Strike takes place when the Newsies of New York go on strike (strike lasts until August 2).
- July 29 – The first Peace Conference ends with the signing of the Hague Convention.
- July 30 – The Harriman Alaska Expedition ends successfully.
- August 3 – The John Marshall Law School is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
- August 17 – A hurricane makes landfall in North Carolina's Outer Banks, completely destroying the town of Diamond City.
- August 28 – At least 512 are killed when a debris hill from the Sumitomo Besshi copper mine at Niihama, Shikoku, Japan, collapses after heavy rain; 122 houses, a smelting factory, hospital and many other facilities are destroyed.
- September 13 – Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
- September 19 – Alfred Dreyfus is pardoned.
- October 11 – The Second Boer War: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
- October 30 – The Augusta High School Building is completed in Augusta, Kentucky; Augusta Methodist College shuts down.
- November 4 – The Alpha Sigma Tau Sorority is founded in Ypsilanti, Michigan.
- November 8 – The Bronx Zoo opens in New York City.
- November 29 – The F.C. Barcelona football club is founded.
- December 2 –
- Philippine-American War – Battle of Tirad Pass: ("The Filipino Thermopylae") General Gregorio del Pilar and his troops are able to guard the retreat of Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo before being wiped out.
- During the new moon, a near-grand conjunction of the classical planets and several binocular Solar System bodies occur. The Sun, Moon, Mercury, Mars and Saturn are all within 15° of each other, with Venus 5° ahead of this conjunction and Jupiter 15° behind. Accompanying the classical planets in this grand conjunction are Uranus (technically visible unaided in pollution-free skies), Ceres and Pallas.
- December 16
- December 26 – Second Boer War – Battle of Mafeking: The British inflict a crushing defeat on the Boers.
- December 31 – A large standing stone at Stonehenge falls over, the most recent time this has happened.
- March 29 - Lavrenty Beria, Soviet Communist (d. 1953)
- April 22 - Seward Collins - New York socialite, publisher, and self-described fascist (d. 1952)
- June 1 - Mary Phagan, child laborer and murder victim of Leo Frank (d. 1913)
- September 13 - Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, leader of the Iron Guard (d. 1938)
- October 3 - Adrien Arcand, Canadian National Socialist leader (d. 1967)
- November 26 - Bruno Hauptmann, convicted kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III (d. 1936)