1895 1896 1897 - 1898 - 1899 1900 1901
1860s 1870s 1880s - 1890s - 1900s 1910s 1920s
Events of 1898
January - March
- January 1 - New York City annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The city is geographically divided into five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx, and Staten Island.
- January 13 - Emile Zola's J'Accuse exposes the Dreyfus affair.
- February 7 - Emile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing J'Accuse
- February 12 - Henry Lindfield dies in England, becoming the world's first fatality from an automobile accident.
- February 15 - Spanish-American War: The USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor, Cuba for then unknown reasons killing 266 men. This event helped lead the United States to declare war on Spain.
- February 23 - Emile Zola is imprisoned in France after writing "J'accuse" which was a letter accusing the French government of anti-Semitism and wrongfully placing Alfred Dreyfus in jail.
- March 24 - Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that was advertised in Scientific American.
- March 26 - The Sabi Game Reserve in South Africa, the first officially designated game reserve, is created.
April - June
- April 22 - Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
- April 25 - Spanish-American War: The United States declares war on Spain; the U.S. Congress announces that a state of war has existed since April 21 (later backdating one more day to April 20).
- May 2 - Association of thousands of Chinese scholars and Beijing citizens in front of the Capital Control Yuan asking for reform.
- May 7/9 - General Fiorenzo Bava-Beccaris kills hundreds of demonstrators in Milan, Italy shooting on a rally; King of Italy Umberto I will be killed two years after to avenge this shooting.
- May 8 - The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
- May 28 - Secondo Pia takes the first photographs of the Shroud of Turin and discovers that the image on Shroud itself appears to be a photographic negative.
- June 1 - The Trans-Mississippi Exposition World's Fair opens in Omaha, Nebraska.
- June 12 - Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.
- June 13 - Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
July - September
- July 3 - Joshua Slocum completes a 3-year solo circumnavigation
- July 7 - The United States annexes the Hawaiian Islands.
- July 17 - Spanish-American War: Battle of Santiago Bay - troops under United States General William R. Shafter take the city of Santiago de Cuba from the Spanish.
- July 25 - Spanish-American War: The United States invasion of Puerto Rico begins with a landing at Guánica Bay.
- August 12- Spanish-American War: Hostilities end between American and Spanish forces in Cuba.
- August 28- Caleb Bradham names his soft drink Pepsi-Cola.
- September 2 - Battle of Omdurman - British and Egyptian troops led by Horatio Kitchener defeat Sudanese tribesmen led by Khalifa Abdullah al-Taashi, thus establishing British dominance in the Sudan.
- September 10 - Luigi Lucheni assassinates Empress Elizabeth of Austria-Hungary.
- September 21 - Empress Dowager Cixi of China engineered a coup d'etat, marking the end of the Hundred Days' Reform: Guangxu Emperor was arrested.
October - December
- October 1 - The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
- October 3 - The Battle of Sugar Point in Northern Minnesota. Between Ojibwe & U.S. government.
- October 6 - First meeting and founding of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity, then called the Sinfonia Club, at the New England Conservatory in Boston.
- October 12 - Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
- November 26 - A two-day blizzard known as the Portland Gale piles snow in Boston, MA and severely impacts the Massachusetts fishing industry and several coastal New England towns.
- December 9th - The first of the two Tsavo maneaters was shot by John Henry Patterson, the second was killed three weeks later, after 135 workers had been killed.
- December 10 - The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War is signed in Paris.
- December 26 - Marie and Pierre Curie announce discovery of a substance they call radium.
- January 23 - Freda Utley, Former British communist and author (d. 1978)
- February 27 - Gerald L.K. Smith, Christian nationalist leader (d. 1976)
- March 23 - Edward Lodge Curran, "Father Coughlin of the East" (d. 1974)
- May 19 - Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)
- June 12 - Anastasy Vonsyatsky, Russian fascist (d. 1965)
- July 19 - Herbert Marcuse, New Left and Cultural Marxist theoretician (d. 1979)
- January 3 - Robert Lewis Dabney, theologian, southern historian, and founder of Kinism (b. 1820)
- May 19 - William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)
- July 30 - Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of the German Empire (b. 1815)