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1889 1890 1891 - 1892 - 1893 1894 1895
| Decades: |
1860s 1870s 1880s - 1890s - 1900s 1910s 1920s
Events of 1892
- January 1 – Ellis Island begins accommodating immigrants to the United States.
- January 15 – James Naismith publishes the rules for basketball.
- January 20 – At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game is played.
- February 12 – Former President Abraham Lincoln's birthday is declared a national holiday in the United States.
- February 18 – Pennsauken Township, New Jersey is incorporated.
- February 27 – Rudolf Diesel applies for a patent on his compression ignition engine (the Diesel engine).
- March 1 – Theodoros Deligiannis ends his term as Prime Minister of Greece and Konstantinos Konstantopoulos takes office.
- March 13 – Ernest Louis, a grandson of Queen Victoria, becomes Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine on the death of his father, Grand Duke Louis IV.
- March 15 – The Liverpool Football Club is founded by John Houlding, the owner of Anfield. Houlding decides to form his own team after Everton leaves Anfield in an argument over rent.
- March 20 – The first ever French rugby championship final takes place in Paris. Pierre de Coubertin referees the match, which Racing Club de France wins 4–3 over Stade Français.
- March 31 – The world's first fingerprinting bureau is formally opened by the Buenos Aires Chief of Police; it had been operating unofficially since the previous year.
- April – The Johnson County War breaks out between small farmers and large ranchers in Wyoming.
- April 1 – The city of Maebashi is founded by the samurai Makuba Kawai.
- April 15 – The General Electric Company is established through the merger of the Thomson-Houston Company and the Edison General Electric Company.
- April 29 – Redondo Beach, California, USA is founded.
- May 7 – The Cook Islands issue their first postage stamps.
- May 19 – Battle of Yemoja River: British troops defeat Ijebu infantry in modern-day Nigeria, using a maxim gun.
- May 22 – The British conquest of Ijebu-Ode marks a major extension of colonial power into the Nigerian interior.
- May 24 – Prince George of Wales becomes Duke of York.
- May 28 – In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
- June 4 – Abercrombie & Fitch is established by David T. Abercrombie.
- June 7 – Homer Plessy (who is black) is arrested for sitting on the whites-only car in Louisiana, leading to the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson court case.
- June 11 – The Limelight Department, later one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
- June 30 – The Homestead Strike begins in Homestead, Pennsylvania, culminating in a battle between striking workers and private security agents on July 6.
- July 4 Samoa: Samoa changes its time zone to being 3 hours behind California, such that it crosses the international date line and July 4th occurs twice.
- July 4–18 British general election: The Unionist government loses its majority.
- July 6
- July 8 – The Great Fire of 1892 devastates the city of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
- July 12 – A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in Saint Gervais.
- August 4 – The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden are found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.
- August 9 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
- August 18 – William Ewart Gladstone assumes British premiership at head of Liberal government, with Irish Nationalist Party support.
- September 3 – The Nottingham Forest Football Club plays their first league match, a 2–2 draw with Everton FC.
- September 15 – Sergei Witte replaces Ivan Vyshnegradsky as Russian finance minister.
- October 5
- October 12 – To mark the 400th anniversary Columbus Day holiday, the "Pledge of Allegiance" is first recited in unison by students in U.S. public schools.
- October 31 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
- November 8
- November 17 – French troops occupy Abomey, capital of the kingdom of Dahomey.
- December 5 – John Thompson becomes Canada's fourth prime minister.
- December 22 – The Newcastle East End F.C. is renamed Newcastle United F.C., following the demise of the Newcastle West End F.C. and East End's move to St James' Park, formerly West End's home.
- December 25 – Christmas Day, Formation of the Kool-Squad Leaders
- January 3 - J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (d. 1973)
- May 2 - Manfred von Richthofen, German World War I flying ace (d. 1918)
- July 23 - William Gayley Simpson, White racialist philosopher (d. 1990)
- July 23 - Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1975)
- July 23 - Lyrl Clark Van Hyning, isolationist Mothers' Movement leader (d. 1973)
- October 4 - Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian politician (d. 1934)
- October 17 - Theodor Eicke, NSDAP official (d. 1943)
- October 20 - Eoin O'Duffy, founder of the Blue Shirts in Ireland (d. 1944)
- December 4 - Francisco Franco, leader of Spain (d. 1975)